The City of Cagayan de Oro is also the capital of Misamis Oriental. It is also the regional center of Northern Mindanao. Tourists and travelers from time to time flock the city. Because of this, it is titled as the city of golden friendship. Ironically, before the peace, it went through a tiresome war that made its mark in the history of the Philippines. For 276 years the Spanish Colonizers dominated the Philippines. But on the 10th of December 1898 the Treaty of Paris was signed by the United States and Spain in Paris. In the treaty it was agreed that the country would handed over to the Americans in return for a payment. The amount paid to Spain by the Americans was 120,000,0000 dollars. In other words, Philippines was bought by the United States from Spain. In Cagayan de Oro, the Americans’ arrival was much received with restiveness and hostility by the Kagay-anons. They did not agree to the occupation of the US. And so a revolutionary group called “ Tercios Revolucionarios” was created and organized by the people of Cagayan. Its main leaders were people who are prominent even in today’s times. These people included known names in Cagayan de Oro such as Apolinar Velez, Nicanor Capistrano, Roa Y. Racines, Tirso Neri, and Cayetano Pacana. The prominent leaders of this organization purposefully trained and prepared the Kagay-anons mentally and physically. Their main goal was to resist and push back the Americans from entering their town. But there was a setback to their plans as they have realized. Their men had only bolos and some rifles as weapons to fight the Americans. But nevertheless, these were the men who fought in the famous April 7, 1900 battle and that of Macahambus. The invasion of Cagayan de Oro by the Americans came on 31 March 1900. They first bombarded the town and burned the flag of Macabalan. The fighters of the Tercios Revolucionarios were already prepared and trained even before the invasion came. But they waited until April 7 to attack the Americans. Their army was headed by General Nicolas Capistrano. Originally, they were camped at Gagno plateau at Bukidnon which is located 9km from Cagayan. The ringing of San Agustin Church’s bell was the go signal for them to attack the Americans when they arrived. The Revolucionarios attacked in a systematized wave. The first wave were men with bolos only as weapons. Then next to them were the riflemen. They were then followed by cavalrymen. Their main plan was to make a sneak attack on the American soldiers. But because some of the macheteros(men with bolos) shouted battle cries, their plan was foiled. The Americans were quick to react to the battle cries of the natives carrying bolos and so there raged a battle between the well-armed Americans and the Revolucionarios. When Gen. Capistrano realized impending defeat, he ordered for a retreat. The most intense fighting happened in the town’s plaza, which is now called the Gaston Park. But the Kagay-anons stood no chance against the Americans. After an hour they were defeated and the remnants of the Revolucionarios were chased away from the city. Even with so little hope of winning, the Revolucionarios fought with much valiance. But still they were defeated. When peace returned to Cagayan de Oro, Tirso Neri became its first Mayor. There he ordered the opening of Divisoria.
One of the most famous revolts in the Philippines is called the Dagohoy Revolution or also known as the Dagohoy Revolt. It is famous in Philippine history for being the longest of its kind. The rebellion was led by Francisco Sendrijas or better known as Francisco Dagohoy. The revolt happened in Bohol and lasted for 85 years from 1744 to 1829. It occurred in the Spanish era. The Dagohoy revolt was a sequel to a prior rebellion known as the Tamblot uprising which was headed by Tamblot in 1621. But the Tamblot revolution was a religious one because it was led by a native priest. The Dagohoy revolution was unlike the Tamblot revolution. It was not a spiritual rebellion but a conflict which was a retaliation to oppression, forced labor and too much tax collection and requests for tribute payments. To make matters worse, it was the Jesuit priests who headed these abuses. In the year 1744, Bohol was prepared for another fight against Spain because of its oppression. In the same yearm a Jesuit priest called Gaspar Morales commanded a constable named Sagarino to hunt a man guilty of abandoning Christianity. When the constable caught the man, the fugitive murdered him. When Sagarino was found he was brought to Morales for a Christian burial. But the priest refused to give it to him because according to the Church at that time, death by duel was banned from rights to a Christian burial. The brother of Sagarino was Francisco Dagohoy. He was furious when he heard of the news and searched and found his brother’s body. He then went to Morales and persuaded him to give his brother a proper Christian burial. But the priest denied him saying that Sagarino did not deserve it for dying in a duel. What made it worse was when the priest ordered for Sagarino’s corpse to be exposed in Inabanga for three days until it rots. This was the final straw to the Dagohoy revolution. It was Jesuits’ refusal to offer Christian’s brothers a burial even when the dead person died in service by chasing fugitives who fought Christianity. Because of this Dagohoy called on his fellow Boholanos to gather and fight against the oppressions. Spanish Governors and missions were outlasted by this rebellion. Today, the Dagohoy Rebellion is featured in Bohol’s provincial flag showing two bolos or the country’s native swords with hand guards drawn on top of them. The Dagohoy Revolution represents one of the swords while the Tamblot represents the other. It is a symbol that says that Boholanos would always rise and fight the oppressors whoever they may be. To honor Franscisco, one of the towns in Bohol was named Dagohoy after him. The name was proposed by Carlos P. Garcia who was a former Vice President of the country. Francisco Dagohoy is considered as a Boholano hero.
Nowadays, people are becoming busier with their work and other sorts of responsibilities. When you have just started working, chances are you spend majority of your time working and earning a living. But it is also important to distress yourself from so much stress from the demands of your work. But how can you do it if you have very limited time left to enjoy? Food has been one of the key comforts of the people at this present time. Wherever and whenever you go to a certain restaurant you will surely get to see a chicken on their menu. Chicken is served in all restaurants, of course except for vegans. It is one of the most handy to cook among all other meat. You can have it fried, serve it in salads, or have it as a soup and even in barbecues. People consume chicken as much as they consume rice. Aside from being versatile in terms of recipes, chicken can be cooked easily. Most of the chicken recipes do not require too much time in terms of preparation. Also, it is always available in the market, rain or shine. It is available whole year round. It doesn’t have to depend on any season at all. Almost all are eating chicken but do you know or have you already asked yourself on which is the healthiest part of the chicken? In terms of being healthy, the breast part would surely take the win. Why it is considered to be the healthiest has something to do with its structure and component. Unlike other chicken parts, the breast is mainly composed of lean meat. It does not have any extra fat and is a good source of protein. It isn’t difficult to prepare and require little or less time compared to other parts because it does not have bones at all. Although the breast may seem not that appealing it is the healthiest part of the chicken. It is best for those who are on their diet. You will not feel guilty at all after consuming a whole chicken breast. Now for the tastiest part, it is none other than the thighs. The drumstick is indeed popular but the thighs have tastier meat. The wings might also be a good appetizer however it contains less meat compared to the thighs, making it as appetizer but not the main dish. Chicken thighs have tastier and juicer meat compared to all others. It has the right amount of meat and it has bones to give it enough structure and for you to bite on. However if you are a drumstick person then go for it, choose the one that makes you happy. If you are conscious with your diet then go for the breast part. In the end, it will depend on your own preference. Rest, assured that your chicken will always be there for you no matter what.
If you are fond of shopping online for sure you have come across posts or pages selling bags, shoes, jewelries, cosmetics and other sort of trendy things. These items became really salable because sellers would claim that they have way cheaper prices compared to those items sold in malls. A buyer with a limited amount of money would sure go for a budget-friendly deal believing that he or she would get the same item being sold in malls. Other seller would even label their products as “authentic overruns” or “original overruns”. What else should a buyer know if an item is labeled as an authentic overrun aside from the lower price it has? The truth is there is actually no such thing as “authentic overrun”. It’s just between an original one and a fake one. Yes, overruns are considered fake or counterfeit products. In support to the overrun claim, others would say that the products they are selling did not match or pass the quality standards and so they are being sold in cheaper prices. These products are still made from the original material but has some sort of imperfections and are not included in items delivered in malls and other authorized distributors. This claim sounds really convincing right? In counterfeit items or imitations there are still classifications in terms of quality. The one considered to be the closest to the original is called an overrun, next is a replica, and it is followed by class A, class B and so on. There are some items that are really sturdy and have great quality, almost the same with the original. The price difference does matter, and if you are going to conduct a research, almost all online stores have the same price range for items. This means, their products came from the same source or the supplier for these items is the same. There is nothing wrong in buying these kinds of stuff, who would want to spend more money if can spend less and have the item that you really like? However it is best to know the value of what you are buying for. Don’t get fooled by those sellers telling you that they are selling original items. Also, the price range for overrun items are almost the same, so don’t get fooled if you saw an item that you like in a much higher price compared to what you saw, thinking that, that must be the original one. If the price is 50%-70% lower compared to malls, then it must have been an overrun or a replica.
The Philippine National Flag is horizontal in shape. It has a bicolor of the blue at the top and scarlet red at the bottom. On its hoist is a white triangle which is equilateral too. This triangle has a golden yellow sun consisting of eight rays. Each of the rays represents the provinces of the country which started the 1896 Revolution of the Philippines against Spain. The triangle also has three golden stars with five points representing the 3 main islands of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. War is indicated when the flag is displayed with the blue side at the bottom and the red on top. The construction of the flag follows rules in terms of its measurements. The stars on the other hand should be oriented in such a way that its tips would be pointing to the vertex where it is located. Also, the gap-angle between the 8rays should be equivalent to the angle one ray angle. Finally, the sun should not be placed at the exact center but should be shifted a little to the right of the triangle. Meanwhile, every part of the Philippine National Flag is a symbol which represents meaning to the country. The rectangular design and equilateral triangle represents equality and fraternity. The blue stripe on top symbolizes peace, truth and justice. And red stripe then represents patriotism and valor. The eight rays of the sun symbolize the provinces which sparked the 1896 revolution. These are namely the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bulacan, Cavite and Manila. However, the 1898 Proclamation Philippine Independence gave a symbolism of the flag which differed from the current one. At that time for example, the white triangle represented the crest of the Katipunan, a secret society opposing the Spaniards. The colors of the flag too represented another meaning signifying the commemoration of the American flag as a sign of gratitude for their protection of the Filipinos against the Spaniards in the Philippine Revolution. The first National flag of the Philippines was sewn by Marcela Marino de Agoncillo. She was assisted by the niece of Jose Rizal Delfina Herbosa de Natividad and Marcela’s daughter Lorenza. This flag was officially displayed for war in May 28, 1898. On June 12, 1898 the flag was formally raised in Kawit, Cavite as the proclamation of independence was declared. The flag’s design had gone through a phase of change. Originally, the sun on the flag had a mythical effect to it by having a face. It was a common symbol to Spanish colonies. There have also been controversies about the color of the flag because some historians argue that it was the same shade used in the flag of Cuba. It is also true that at some degrees the Cuba revolution against Spain helped shape the Philippine Revolution. The current and modern design of the flag came from the President Emilio Aguinaldo. He conceptualized the idea while he was in Hong Kong on 1897 in exile.
The biggest mall owners and developers of the Philippines is the SM Prime Holdings. They are the ones who own and developed the SM Mall of Asia which is the third largest in all of Asia. The Mall of Asia ranks as the World’s 4th largest mall having approximately 390,000 square meters by 407,101 square meters in total area. It is located near the Manila Bay and SM Central Park at Pasay City of the Philippines. With its large size come also a large number of people visiting it every day with an average of 200,000. The Mall of Asia is the Philippine’s largest mall until in 2006 when it became the 2nd after the SM City North EDSA’s redevelopment. The Mall has a vicinity of 19.5 hectares of land with 390,194 square meters of floor area. It has four buildings with walkways interconnecting them. These building consist mainly of the parking buildings (one in the north and another at the south), the entertainment and the main mall. The latter mall then consists of shopping establishments and restaurants including the food court. The entertainment mall on the other hand is mostly made up of two-story complexes usually open-air. It is built facing the Manila Bay. Finally the north and south parking buildings are designated on the south and northern areas of the Mall. The south is located at the Department Store while the North at the SM Hypermarket. Each building has 2,500 parking spaces. Visitors of the Mall of Asia are welcomed by a large globe made of framed steel with an LED display of a Globamaze. The mall consists of branches of stores which are mostly found in other SM Malls.Aside from that MOA also has 4 other theaters of various kinds. The Director’s Club Theater is used for intimate screenings. The Premiere and CenterStage Cinemas on the other hand is utilized to facilitate live concerts and theatricals. But the San Miguel-Coca-Cola IMAX theatre is the biggest theater in the Mall and is also considered one of the tops in the world. Another one of the attractions that MOA has is its large skating rink which has an Olympic size of 60x30 meters. Visitors could also enroll at training programs for figure skating and hockey. In 2007 SkateAsia competitions was held at the MOA which was a first in the history of Philippines to host an international event. Aside from these competitions the music hall beside the sea has also hosted singing competitions and concerts. The Mall of Asia has so many features coming along with its great size. What makes it unique from other malls is that it has a tram which could accommodate 20 people. It also has a Ferry Terminal which saves tourists an hour of time going to Cavite. Other famous attraction of the mall is the SM by the Bay beside the sea (which used to be a place called the Baywalk), the SMX Convention Center (largest in the Philippines) and the MOA Asia Arena which is located at the MOA complex.
The word Durian came from an Indonesian word duri which means “thorn”. It is a fruit which belongs to a certain species of a tree called the genus Durio. It is well known in Southeast Asia with the nickname of “the fruit king”. The fruit is noticeable for its bulky size, hard and large thorns covered with husk, and its famous Durian odor. Some Durians are oblong in size but others are round. The husk’s color varies from brown to green. The color of its flesh also vary depending on its species: some are yellow while others are red. The odors emanating from the fruit comes from its flesh which is edible. It is so strong that even when the husk is intact the odor comes out of it. And although some would find it pleasant and fragrant, most people react negatively to it. Because of that the fruit has been banned in some hotels or public transportations in Asia. The Durian can be eaten in numerous ways, in different stages of its ripeness and is used as an addition to flavors on all kinds of sweets and savory in Asian foods. The seeds have also been found to be edible when it is cooked. The Durian has 30 different species from the genus Durio. But out of the thirty only nine species are considered edible. Only one of the 9 species called the Durio zibethinus are available in the international market. The other 8 are sold locally in the regions where they are grown. The trees of the King of the Fruits grow up to fifty metres. It has oblong evergreen leaves and flowers which are clustered in the branches. The usual durian tree takes about 4 to 5 years before it can produce fruits. The fruits then, after pollination takes up to 3 months before it matures. Durian has been known in southern Asia even in the prehistoric times. But in the western world, the fruit has only been introduced 600 years ago. In the 15th century Europian by the name of Niccolo Da Conti travelled and came to southeast Asia where he discovered the fruit. The fruit has wide variety of uses in different cuisines from all over Asia. Over the years it has been used to add flavor to ice kakangs, Malay candies, dodols (sweets from Mindanao), biscuits, ice creams and mooncakes. It was also used in cappuccinos. Its flesh can also be dried to make durian chips. Aside from its edible contributions to food, the Durian also has medicinal and nutritional aids to the society. It has been discovered that the fruit is high in sugar, potassium, Vitamin C, fats, proteins and carbohydrates. The juice extracted from its leaves has also been used as ointments to the head of patients with fevers. The roots can also be boiled in water and drink to stop fevers. It can also be used as poultice, a soft mass applied to irritated or inflamed skin. The Durian was called as the King of the Fruits because of its tough image and thorns and its overwhelming odor.
Make-ups and other forms of cosmetics were made to enhance a person’s good assets and hide or conceal imperfections. It has been part of the daily lives of the people, mostly by women. To look beautiful and presentable has always been part of any woman’s goals of the day. It is an unspoken rule that if you can’t be beautiful then be at least presentable. Whether you like it or not, first impression doesn’t only last, it really matters. However, it is a sad reality that although these make-ups and cosmetics can make a person look more beautiful it contains chemicals that can actually take away your natural glow or natural beauty. Lipsticks contain certain compounds that can actually darken your lips and change its natural color. Other make-ups can also cause skin allergies or irritation and even cause skin impurities. Good thing, organic make ups are now available in the market. You can now enjoy using these kinds of cosmetics without worrying of any side effects. Organic make-ups are proven to be safe and free from harmful chemicals. If you are thinking of shifting to organic make-ups there are things that you need to know so that you will not be left dissatisfied with your decision. Since organic makeups uses pure and organic materials, it is way more expensive compared to the ordinary make up products. But if this ensures the health of your skin, it is still a very good investment despite of its price. Also, there are only few choices for organic make-ups, such as lipstick shades. It is because unlike the ordinary type of cosmetics, organic make ups depend only on natural occurring colors which can be extracted from organic compounds. Commercial or ordinary cosmetics use artificial colors in order to achieve almost every shade that they want to produce. Also, organic make ups have shorter expiration periods. Again, because of being organic and free from chemicals, its shelf life is also affected. Patronizing organic make up can actually be part of a healthy living lifestyle. The more you eliminate artificial chemicals within your daily routine the healthier you are. Organic products can never be beaten even by the most popular brand of make-up. Sometimes you don’t actually need to have full coverage of make-up foundation; sometimes you just have to make ways to make your skin healthier. Once you nourish it properly, you will no longer worry about acne breakouts, and other skin blemishes. Practice proper hygiene and start using products that are actually doing great for your skin inside and out.
As the art of exploration continuously evolves and unfolds myriads of discoveries, the Philippines take its stand to be included in one of the countries to provide a field for one of these amazing findings-the Guyabano. Reputed to be a miraculous fruit able to give a variety of use for the human’s benefits, the need to study it steadily rises. Generally known as the Souroup, this fruit is called in the Philippines as the Guyabano. It is a fruit of the Annona muricata which belongs to the family of Custard apple trees. It also belongs to the same breed of the cherimoya and the pawpaw. As far as history is concerned it was brought to the Philippines at an early date by way of trade (the Galleons) from Mexico. What is unique about it is that among the other fruits of its genus, it is the only member suitable for preservation. The guyabano has a lightweight but fragrant wood. It grows sweet scented white flowers which intensifies especially in the morning. It is usually 8-13 inches long and weighs 2.5 kilos. The guybano is dark green but when it is ripe the color turns yellow and its body becomes softer. It has black brown inedible seed. Aside from that, its inside is mostly made up of pulp and fiber. As for its taste the Guyabano is a mixture of various fruits; a combination of strawberry and pineapple with a hint of coconut. The taste buds would also detect markings of sour citrus within the pulp. Soursoup is only produced in countries where the weather is tropical. And since the Philippines is a tropical country, the tree could be basically grown everywhere in the archipelago. It can grow in all kinds of soil and lives on high levels of humidity and temperatures above 37 degrees which is the secret to its survival. Any point below 5-3degrees could destroy the fruit. In contrast to it being unpopular in the past, the guyabano is now starting to catch the eyes of many researchers. With the now innumerable studies on this fruit, there is a common factor which is noticeable among these researches. Most of these investigations are found to agree with one another in claiming the soursoup to have an effect which is 9,000 times stronger than that of the Adriamycin and that it could be employed for various types of cancers’ chemotherapy. What makes it amazing is that unlike chemotherapy the compounds of the guyabano only hunts down and kills cells that are cancerous and avoids the healthy ones. So that in contrast to chemotherapy, there is less, if none, harmful side effects resulting from its use such as hair loss, immune depression or extreme nausea. The most proven and known benefits of the Soursoup are as follows: One can make sweet varieties out of its pulp such as ice cream, juice and candies One can get rid of intestinal worms by chewing its leaves Applying its leaves on wounds helps in faster healing Fevers are neutralized by brewing its roots or when its leaves are mixed with bathing water Its young leaves can be massaged to the skin for diseases such as rheumatism, eczema and pimples. It also prevents or reduces skin scars from wounds In some countries, its leaves are said to draw in a good sleep when arranged inside pillows Mixing its seeds with water and soap and spraying it on plants keeps away pests that are harmful Head lice are destroyed by the oil extracts taken from its seeds Aside from the lists given, research has also found out that the consumption of 225g of the guyabano’s pulp helps prevent disorders such as UTI, Constipation, Leg cramps, Water retention, Migraines, Anemia and pregnancy complications. However, there still are a number of doctors who deny the benefits of this fruit. But even so, this fruit has achieved the title of being a miraculous fruit.
Nowadays if you want to know what the current trend is, be it in fashion, politics, food and other hobbies, all you have to do is browse on your Facebook newsfeed. People use Facebook as a source of information particularly if they want to know the latest style. The social media world has indeed influenced a huge portion of the daily lives of the people. If you are looking for something new that you want to try, you have probably came across with succulents and cactuses. This is now the latest hobby that many people are in to. Collecting different types and species of succulents and cactuses has been one of the past times of the people. And this is all because of social media. People nowadays would just wait for ideas for them to create something that they can also share to their social media accounts for all of their friends to see. However although this kind of hobby is partly influenced of this social media pressure, it is actually a good hobby, especially that a person would have to care for a plant. It requires responsibility and even dedication. Although these kinds of plants seem easy to care for they actually require attention and a lot more especially if you are a newbie in caring plants. What made these plants really popular and trendy? It is all because of its miniature yet very lovely appearance. The entire plant is considered to be the subject unlike other plants that you have to wait for its flowers to bloom in order to see its total beauty. Another thing is that it has been now widely used as a form of giveaways during weddings, debuts and other special occasions that would suggest for souvenirs. The thought of giving a plant which has life is far more beautiful than any form of souvenirs. It is something really special that any person would want to spend his or her time taking care of it, instead of just leaving it in a cupboard. People are really creative and no wonder some come up with ways to landscape and put succulents into a whole new level such as this picture below. Nonetheless it can also be used as a form of bouquet during wedding ceremonies. A lot of things can be made out from this lovely and adorable plant.