Ever heard of the quote, “Eat breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and dinner like a pauper”? Though most of us would think it’s just an easy quote to remind us how we should eat everyday but strange enough, this proverb actually has scientific proof backing it up, especially the breakfast part. It’s not called “breakfast” for nothing; it essentially means you’re breaking the fast that you went through when you’ve gone to sleep. It’s what wakes your body up, significantly comprises a great portion of your day’s energy supply, nutrient intake, concentration and performance, and overall mood. Basically, your breakfast can make or break you for the rest of the day. As they say, “you are what you eat”; this applies especially during the first meal of the day. That said; don’t eat breakfast just for the sake of eating breakfast. What you eat is also the most crucial part to remember. You’re better off NOT eating breakfast at all compared to eating an unhealthy one. So if you’re going to eat, eat a healthy breakfast compared to those common sugary ones (like doughnuts, pancakes, waffles, muffins, even fruit juices). Eating these may be easier and tempting as they give you that highly sought after jolt of energy, but that sudden spike will just as easily drop down and leave you tired, cranky and even hungrier than before. Why is that, you may ask? Food high in sugar and low in protein are easily digested. In fact, you could actually control your appetite if you eat first thing in the morning. Studies have shown breakfast eaters are leaner and gain less weight compared to their non-breakfast-eating counterpart. This is because your hunger will dramatically curb for the rest of the day. You thought skipping those few calories in the morning is going to help you? Guess again. People set themselves up to eat more at lunch and throughout the day, and inevitably make bad food choices, if they choose to skip their first meal. As I’ll tell you, time and time again, breakfast is THE deal-breaker. A well-balanced breakfast is comprised of the right combination of good carbs, fiber and protein. Good thing, you have a lot of options, like oat meals, eggs paired with good fruits like bananas, grapefruits, etc., wheat-infused meals, vegetables and berries. Watermelons are also a great way to rehydrate early in the morning. The internet is swarming with terrific ideas to help you expand your horizon. No matter what your option is, never ever miss out again on the most important chow time in your day.
Water: The one element planet Earth has that sets it apart from all the other planets in our system. This is also the reason why only our planet is able to sustain life, its surface covered with 71 percent water. The human body itself is roughly made up of 60% water; essentially more than half of our being is H2O, which is why it is so vital for us to keep hydrated. A person can survive up to a proverbial 40 days without food, but would be a goner in a week’s time without water. The question is how much water is enough on a daily basis? Most people have grown up using the 8x8 rule, or in layman’s term, drinking eight (ounce) glasses of water per day, which would be half a gallon or about 2 liters. The funny thing is there’s not much evidence to back this myth up except it’s just easy to remember. In reality, you have to note that the actual amount depends on a lot of factors like age, weight, gender, how physically active you are, the weather, etc. Studies have shown that the average adult male will need 3.7 liters of fluids per day, while females need 2.7 liters. Children and teens would be: 1 liter (5 glasses) for 5-8 year olds, 1.5 liters (7 glasses) for 9-12 year olds, and 2 liters (8 to 10 glasses) for 13+ years. Another good question to ask is how can you tell if you’re drinking enough water? Simple: check your urine. If you’re not drinking enough, your urine will look yellowish or have an orange color. The best indication is when it has a clear or pale yellow color. Soft bowel movements are a good sign too. Note that you don’t really have to wait feeling thirsty to drink. Your body is constantly using up water and thirst is your body’s way of telling you that you’re becoming dehydrated. The good thing is all forms of fluid you take in counts. This includes milk, juice, tea, and even coffee, though water is still the best. Fruits and vegetables are a great source too. That said, don’t drink while you’re taking a meal or munching on snacks. It can be tempting but doing so may cause bloating and indigestion, as the water will counteract with the digesting enzymes your body is producing. The best time to drink would be 15-30 minutes prior or after a meal. No matter how busy you get, don’t ever forget to refill, no matter what the means. Keep a water bottle handy to remind you. Never underestimate a simple glass of water to charge up for the whole day. A healthier you is a better you.
A new discovery has shocked the public when it has been revealed that obesity can actually be caused by a certain virus. This virus is Adenovirus-36 which is actually the cause of common colds. It can be transferred through sneezing. So how did it became a culprit for obesity? According to studies conducted, subjects infected with this virus gained almost 60% of body fat which is absolutely unusual. Obesity has been one of the greatest struggles of the modern generation. Despite the risk and negative effects of obesity, its number is still rapidly growing even up to this moment. It is also depressing to note that the age of those having obesity keeps on getting younger and younger each year. As history and science stated, obesity is a result of unhealthy lifestyle. It can be passed through generations making it a hereditary type of illness. It has even created a stigma especially in the society of how obesity can actually make you feel rejected and unloved. Most of the people with this kind of problem would complain that they never really wanted to become what they are. Yet it sounds really difficult to accept since people were used to think that obesity is the product of eating too much amount of food. This notion could be rejected in no time after scientist have discovered that lifestyle and genetics could not only be the culprit behind this illness. In a study entitled it has been discussed that obesity can actually be caused by a strand of virus. If this is true, then obesity can be transferred or contagious disease. This is the main reason why people almost panicked after reading this new statement. However it has also sparked the scientist to study more and perhaps discover a definite cure for this illness. If this happens, several lives can be helped and possibly obesity may no longer be a great crisis for the entire mankind. On the other hand, opponents of this study, strongly questioned the possibility of blaming the cause of obesity to virus. According to them, viruses have incubation periods and that it is impossible to trigger obesity. Obesity being contagious is also very impossible to believe since according to them, obesity is acquired through time rather than a quick exposure to someone and then develop it later on. Debates are still continuing as researchers and scientists are trying to reveal the causes of obesity and finding ways or treatments on how to actually put an end to this illness.
If you have been surfing the net for a quick and effective way to lose weight then this article is for you. Cutting off those excess fats is necessary not just because it is pleasing to the eyes but because having a normal weight or normal body index is the key to remain healthy and free from illnesses and other health complications. Almost all types of diet plans are being introduced to the market. There are some in form of drink, coffee, candy, and many more. However none of these have truly proven to work in general. It is because each individual has his or her own mechanism in digesting food and metabolism which is responsible in regulating body weight. Aside from the uncertainty of patronizing dietary supplements such as pills, it is best to go organic and change your eating habits particularly your food plan. The best thing about choosing the natural way of losing weight is that it saves you from harmful chemicals and possible exposure to side effects. The most common and most abundant resources to actually lose weight is none other than water. Yes, water is actually capable of making you lose weight. All you have to do is follow a certain daily schedule. But before that, what’s with water and that it can actually help in weight loss? The most common reason why people result to obesity or consuming too much amount of food is due to a very active appetite. Well, water in connection is actually good in suppressing your appetite. The more you crave for food the more you should drink water. By this, water can immediately fill in your stomach preventing you from having craving episodes. Although this may sound painful, sometimes your cravings are all in your head, the more you think about it the more you become hungry. Learn to control your thoughts if you really want to lose weight. As much as possible forget about your usual drink such as sodas, beer, and other carbonated drinks. Replace them with water in the morning, lunch, afternoon, and lastly even during dinner. Remember that water can only do its purpose if you allow it to happen. As much as possible choose to drink cold water instead of hot. Cold water can actually trigger your metabolism to work well because it will require your body to heat up or warm up, thus it promoted in burning more calories. Water is also known to rehydrate your body. But how do you rehydrate if you are properly hydrated? This means that you must undergo physical activities and burn those calories and rehydrate using water. By doing so, you are flushing those toxic materials inside your body in the form of sweat.
In his mission to try to find a westward route to the Moluccas Islands for Spain, Ferdinand Magellan discovered Samar on March 16, 1521. The next day his ships anchored in the shores of Homonhon. The chieftains of Limasawa Rajah Kulambu and Rajah Siagu received Magellan’s arrival with hospitality. They and their queens converted into the Catholic faith and guided him to Cebu. As an honor Magellan gave them the Santo Nino as a gift and also to mark their alliance. Because of Magellan’s influence on Rajah Humabon, nearby chiefs were ordered to convert to Christianity and to supply Magellan’s ships with food. All of the chiefs complied with the order except the two Datus of Mactan of which one was Datu Lapu-Lapu who was very stern in his refusal to accept Christianity. According to the written records of Magellan’s chronicler, Antonio Pigafetta, the second chief sent his son to Magellan to explain to him that he would have met the terms and orders of the King of Spain to convert and provide food had it not been for Lapu-Lapu’s disagreement. The Datus Rajah Humabon and Zula heard of the opposition and advised Magellan to join forces with him and the other chieftains and use power in persuading Lapu-Lapu to comply with the orders. The Captain saw this as an opportunity to strengthen his ties with the ruler and agreed to help him. Antonio Pigaffeta’s accounts in the journey narrates that Magellan made efforts to convince Lapu-Lapu to follow Rajah Humabon’s orders the night before their encounter but didn’t succeed. In the midnight of April 27, 1521, 70 armored men along with Magellan and the Chieftains sailed towards Mactan riding the balanguais, a type of Filipino boat, at about 20 to 30 in number and arrived hours before dawn. The captain tried a last effort in persuading Lapu-Lapu by sending one of the natives to tell him to obey the King of Spain and pay their tributes or else they will be forced to use their lances. But the reply they received was that if they had lances, Lapu-Lapu’s men had bamboos sharpened and toughened with fire. According to Pigaffeta it was part of their strategy when they asked Magellan not to attack immediately and to let the morning come so that they may have more men. He said that they said that in order to tempt them to look for Lapu-Lapu’s men because they have dug trap holes for them to fall on to while they searched. In April 28, Magellan set out and 50 armed men went towards Mactan. Unfortunately, the corals of the beach forced them to anchor their ship far from the shores of the island so that they had to walk in the water for a time before they got to the island. Also, because of the distance, Magellan had no choice but to leave his Howitzers behind which he intended to use on the warriors of Lapu-Lapu which ranged in an estimate of 1,000 plus men. The battle started when Magellan and his men neared the island. They saw that the army of Lapu-Lapu divided into three groups. When the warriors saw the foreigners, they started screaming and rushing towards them. For half an hour the Spaniards kept shooting their crossbows but to no avail. Lapu-Lapu and his men eventually came into contact with them as Magellan and his men came into the island. Pigaffeta wrote that Magellan meant to scare the warriors by burning their houses. Instead this provoked them more and they became furious and started attacking resulting in the death of some of his men. When a poisoned arrow hit Magellan in the right leg, he gave the order to retreat slowly but they all ran away except 8 of them including Pigaffeta who escorted the captain. Lapu-Lapu’s men targeted their legs because they had no armor in that part of their body. Magellan himself received a blow in the leg from a kampilan(a long edged Muslim sword) and a spear in the arm. He was able to kill a warrior with his lance but his injuries made him weak and was finally outnumbered and stabbed and killed by the mob all at once. It was said in Pigaffeta’s records that Magellan resisted the force in order for his men to make it safely to the boat. When they got aboard the ship they saw them behead Magellan. Datus Humabon and Zula did not participate in the battle because of Magellan’s request for them not to. They observed from a distance and after the battle negotiated with Lapu-Lapu to return his corpse in exchange for merchandise. But Lapu-Lapu refused and up until now Magellan’s remains were never recovered. It is said that the soldiers who survived the battle of Mactan were poisoned in a feast given by Humabon resulting in the order of Juan Sebastian del Cano,successor of Magellan, to depart immediately and return to Spain in fear of Humabon’s betrayal. In the Philippines, Lapu-Lapu is known as the first National Hero to fight against outside forces. Whatever the accounts were, it is true that he did succeed in his refusal to acknowledge a foreign king as his ruler.
The Philippines has caught the attention of several humanitarian groups because of the alleged extra judicial killings happening in the country. Those who are against of the present administration’s campaign to eradicate drugs all over the country raised their concerns up to the international or foreign bodies. Because according to them the Philippines is being managed under President Rodrigo Duterte’s dictatorship. In response to this call, there are indeed several international groups even the UN who immediately showed disagreement towards the Duterte administration without even validating the reports being brought to them. This is actually one of the biggest conflicts within this country. Media is no longer a source for credible and genuine news. The integrity of those who are working in media companies have been already stained because of their biased reporting. It has been already proven several times even during the campaign period. During Duterte explained and defended his governance and the alleged extra judicial killings. In counter to what the critics and the international groups were saying, Duterte then showed photos of the Budajo. These photos were not even documented in Philippine history books. Majority of the Filipinos are not aware of the existence of this unfortunate event. Only few people knew about this and luckily the President is one of these people. He revealed the almost-forgotten sentiments of those people who were part of the said history. Budajo, is one of the most bloody encounters of all time. Although this wasn’t documented, it remains in the memory of the Tausug Tribe who has kept in their memories up to now. There were pictures recovered of what actually happened during that time. It was absolutely a massacre were helpless individuals were slaughtered. The tribe resisted the American colonization in return they did this to them. However it was not documented at all. Americans managed to build a false image of them being good to Filipinos. This is the main reason why Duterte believes that there is strong and undying sentiments in Mindanao that very few people are aware of. Finally the time has come that it has been revealed to the public and how bloody it was for our brother and sisters. It was even suggested that history books for public schools must contain and cover the details of this horrific event and to make every Filipino appreciate and enrich his or her own culture rather than those of other races.
Having only six years of life span, the organization of La Solidaridad has accomplished lots because of the contributions of its prominent members. These people with their trivial pen names are namely Dr. Jose Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Antonio Luna, Mariano Ponce and Jose Maria Panganiban. The Pen names they used were Laong Laan (after a railway station) by Rizal, Plaridel by del Pilar, Taga-llog by Luna, Tikbalang by Mariano Ponce and Jomapa by Panganiban. All of the members had one thing in common and that is that they were all liberals who were exiled in the year 1872. The La Solidaridad were also composed of students who attended universities in Europe. Their aim was to increase the awareness of the Spanish on the necessities of its colony in the Philippines. They also aimed to propagate smoother relationships between the Philippines and the Spanish if not closer. The La Solidaridad is a Spanish word which meant in English as the Solidarity. It was created on the 13th of December 1888 in Spain. The organization was led by Galicano Apacible who was Jose Rizal’s cousin. La Solidaridad once issued a paper which had the same name. It was published on the 15th of February in 1889 at Barcelona, Spain. Graciano Lopez Jaena was the first editor of that paper and was later replaced by Marcelo H. del Pilar. The paper of La Solidaridad focused on nationalistic topics such as the political, cultural, social and economic conditions of a country specifically the Philippines and Spain. It contains articles and essays written by each prominent writer. Aside from that the paper also published articles concerning news and current events which are local and also foreign. They also included speeches coming from prominent leaders of Spain and which talked about the condition of the Philippines. Aside from the first five mentioned, the other known members of La Solidaridad were Robert Lacamra, Jumar lim, Jose Alejandrino, Eduardo de Lete, Isabelo delos Reyes, Antonio Maria Regidor and Pedro Paterno. They also consisted of members which were foreign. The international members are the Austrian ethnologist Professor Blumentritt and Spanish Historian Dr. Miguel Sagrario. The history of La Solidaridad take its roots back from the initial goals and aspirations of the Propaganda Movement. The Propaganda Movement in the past were looking for ways and venues to express their desires of the Philippines and Spain attaining a successful assimilation. They all then agreed that by creating the La Solidaridad they would be more effective in their mission and so it was established. The organization published their issues every after a week. It started its first publish in February 15, 1889. The La Solidaridad stood as one of the systems that helped the movement propagate for six years. The Comite de Propaganda was the core provider and funder of the La Solidaridad. The editorship position was first offered to Jose Rizal which he declined. His reason was that it was due to his being so busy in the annotation of Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas by Antonio de Morga on London. From 1889 up to 1895 the La Solidaridad kept publishing. But after six years they ran out of funds to support their activities and on November 15, 1895, it officially ceased its publication with a farewell note from Marcelo del Pilar.
In 1937, General MacArthur married with Miss Faircloth. And on December of the same year he retired from military service but went on to live in Manila. But Roosevelt regionalized the Philippine Army on July 26, 1941. He then reassigned MacArthur to stand as major general of the American Army naming Douglas as commander of the USAFFE. Within a day, Macarthur’s promotion to lieutenant was proclaimed. Afterwards he was promoted on December 20, 1941 as a general. Other known officers were also promoted during that time. Sutherland became major general and Hugh Casey became brigadier general. By July 31, 1941 over twenty two thousand troops had been assigned by the Philippine Department. General Douglas MacArthur’s famous ‘’I shall return’’ speech were a result of his escape from one of the most famous battles in the history of the Philippines known as the Fall of Bataan. In December 8, 1941 MacArthur was informed by Sutherland of the ambush on Pearl Harbor. Gen. George Marshall gave MacArthur orders to continue the original Rainbow Five war plan. But Douglas refused to follow the order. There were also requests of permission to hit bases owned by the Japanese from an Air Force commander but all were denied. They were confused on what to do next because of the attack that happened on Pearl Harbor. At noontime, Japanese Air crafts surprised and bombarded Clark Field and bases at the Iba Field and in a few days the US Air Force were all destroyed. When the defense plans failed to stop the Japanese from taking Manila, the Filipino and U.S. Forces were called to retreat and bring all the war supplies to Bataan. MacArthur tried to lessen the Japanese speed in advancing but changed his mind when he saw the quick advancement of the Japanese and their superiority in battle against the Filipino troops. He called everyone to retreat to the Bataan peninsula to wait for reinforcements there. On December 24, 1941 the declaration of Manila as an open city was announced. On the next day, MacArthur had to transfer his headquarters to the fortresses of Corregidor due to the destruction of nearly all of the USAFFE bases. Many of the headquarters started to go for Bataan to leave MacArthur. Although the Filipino and Americans knew they were hopeless they still fought the Japanese. Some of them blamed MacArthur because of the failure but others believed he would find a way to get them out of the mess. The Japanese Army gradually neutralized most of the defenders of the Philippines on February in 1942. On the same year President Roosevelt ordered MacArthur to move to Australia. He left with his family and major general Sutherland in PT boats away from Corregidor on March 12, 1942. They were received by B-17s and flew off to Australia. On March 20, 1942 he made his famous speech to return to the Philippine Islands. He was told by Washington to change the “I” on his statement to “we” but MacArthur refused it. In his speech he said, “ I came through and I shall return” stressing his resolve to redeem the Philippines from its enemies. Meanwhile, after a series of battles, Bataan fell to the hands of the Japanese Army. October 1944 gave MacArthur the chance he’d been waiting for. On the 20th of that month, and after efforts to be summoned by Roosevelt to Philippines, General Douglas was finally back in the Philippines. He landed on Leyte with the Sixth Army of Krueger’s troops where they waded on foot in the waters of the Leyte beach. He also made another famous speech where he reassured the Filipinos of his promise to eradicate their enemies once and for all. And after two months, the Japanese Army lost Leyte to the US Army.
The Mount Mayon is a volcano that has an exact symmetrical cone. It is called the "perfect cone". The location of the volcano is at the province of Albay in Luzon. The perfect cone has an elevation of 8,081 ft with a prominence of 8,028 ft. As an active volcano its last eruption was on the year 2010. Mayon can be found at the tip or within the boundary of Legazpi City. In the year 2000 it was developed into a national park. It is also nicknamed as Bulkang Magayon after the legend of "Daragang Mayon". The perfect cone of the volcano was formed by layers of lava flows and eruptions that it has gone through in the past years. It is included in the Pacific Ring of Fire like other volcanoes in the Pacific Ocean. The volcano is situated in the east side of Luzon with a position close to the Philippine Trench or the boundary wherein the Sea Plate is placed right under the Mobile Belt. When these plates collide with the oceanic plate it is driven down towards the Earth’s mantle. Magma enters and finds a way through exit points such as the Mount Mayon through those gaps in the crust created by the collision of plates. For over 400 years Mayon Volcano has erupted 48 times. It is the most active volcano in the Philippines. Its most vicious eruption ever recorded was on February 1, 1814 when the volcano spitted black ashes continuously until it buried Cagsawa town. It is the most fatal explosion as its casualties rose to 2,200 Albay residents. There are theories that this explosion triggered the eruption in Mount Tambora the following year which led to the “Year Without Summer” of 1816. As for the longest eruption without any interruption the Mayon volcano spitted fire for seven days starting on June 23, 1897. It erupted eastward so that Bacacay Village was buried 49ft under the lava. This eruption took 100 lives in Libon and another 400 from the other surrounding villages. Fortunately in the 1984 eruption an estimated number of more than 70,000 people were evacuated from danger zones before the volcano erupted. There were low casualties also in the 1993 eruption compared to past eruptions as only 77 were killed most of which were farmers. It was the same with the 2006 eruption which has no record of any loss of life. It is reported though that the said eruption was now weaker than the past. But some scientists still believe that the rumblings and activities that Mount Mayon is going through constantly from 2006 to 2011 are all part of a possibly more destructive eruption somewhere in the future. Legends were offered by the people in an attempt to provide answers to the mysterious origin of Mayon. According to them there used to be a princess who had a very possessive uncle named Magayon. Men were so afraid to court the girl because of her uncle. One day a warrior got so obsessed with the princess. He was so much in love that he convinced her to go with him to a faraway place. With Magayon in pursuit the princess and the warrior prayed for help from the gods. Suddenly there came a landslide which buried Magayon alive. Local folks believe that it is Magayon's anger which bursts out from the Mount's cone.
The complex Taal Volcano is located in the Philippines at the island of Luzon 31miles south of Manila. It is found on an island right in the middle of the Taal Lake. In the prehistoric times between 140,000 to 5,380 BP, this volcano exploded in powerful eruptions which eventually resulted in the formation of Taal Caldera which is partially filled by the lake. The complex volcano when viewed from the Tagaytay ridge emanates one of the most picturesque attractions in the Philippines. In the past the volcano has erupted several times claiming the lives of many people residing in the island. These losses of life were estimated to be about 5,000-6,000. It was labeled as a Decade Volcano due to its simultaneous eruptions and its proximity to areas which are populated. It is one of Philippines’ most active volcanoes and is also included in the Pacific ring of fire. The Taal Volcano and Lake is found in the province of Batangas and is split into two. The northern half of it belongs to the town of Talisay while the southern half is for San Nicolas. The Taal Lake is also surrounded by the towns of Balete, Santa Teresita, Alitagtag, Talisay, Tanauan, Cuenca and MataasnaKahoy. The whole of Volcano Island was declared by the PHIVOLCS ( Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology) as a Permanent Danger Zone. They prohibited any settlement in the said island. But despite all of that, there are still are some people who are risking their lives by residing in the area. Most of these are poor families who make a living through fishing and farming in the volcano’s rich soil. There are 33 eruptions of the Taal volcano recorded in the history of Philippines since 19572. The first was in 1572 when Augustinian friars established Taal town. The second was a mild eruption taking place in 1591 which featured great masses of smoke coming from the crater. But during 1605 to 1611 the volcano was having great activities. Out of fear Father Torna de Abreu erected a huge wooden cross on brink of its crater. The center of activities transferred from the crater to other parts of the island itself between 1707 and 1731. In 1715 the eruptions ensued in the BinitiangMunti crater. Also minor eruptions occurred from this crater to the western end of the island in the years 1709 and 1729. On September 24, 1716, a very violent activity occurred destroying the whole southeastern parts of the crater located at the opposite of Mount Macolod. Another remarkable eruption was the 1731 activity where the explosion itself created an island at eastern side of the island. The greatest known eruption of Taal Volcano occurred in 1754. It lasted for 200 days from May 15 to December 1. After the year 1754 the Taal remained silent for a period of 54 years. Although it had minor activities 1790, the volcano did not erupt violently until March 1808. This eruption was as great as the 1754 eruption. It dramatically changed the shape of the crater’s interior. It had widened the crater and reduced the pond inside it. The crater walls also has diminished due to this powerful eruption. Recently, since 1977 the volcano has remained quiet again. But there have been signs of minor activities in 1991 presenting seismic and ground fracturing. There are also mud pots and geysers seen across the island taking formation. Because of this the PHIVOLCS has been issuing notices about seismic unrest warning the few people living in Taal.