The Badjau

    The word Bajau is a collective term for indigenous groups of people. These groups have also blended with the culture of the Sana which is why they are called the Sama-Bajau. In history the term Sama describes indigenous people who live more in areas of land. On the other hand the term Bajau is used for ethnic groups residing near the seas or on seas or those who dwell in boats. 
    The Badjau People or also called the Sama or Samal are indigenous ethnic groups found in Maritime Southeast Asia. They live mainly on the seas using wooden boats like the Vintas. This ethnic group originally came from the Sulu Archipelago. They also lived in some areas of Mindanao and northern Borneo. For half a century though, the Badjaus have been migrating to neighboring countries and also in the northern Philippines. This is due to the ongoing conflicts in the ARMM ( Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao). At present the Badjaus are considered to be one of the largest ethnic groups in Sabah. They make up almost 15% of the state’s population. These people have also migrated in Indonesia but the number of their population remains unanimous. The Bajau were sometimes associated with other ethnic groups of similar lifestyles. They have been called Sea Gypsies. The outward spreading of the Bajau from their old homes to other countries wasalso associated with the development of sea trade in modern times.
    The origin of the term Bajau was never clarified. It is generally used to describe or call these ethnic groups. Ironically, they themselves never used the term Bajaus to describe themselves. They would call themselves according to their tribe’s names, the place they live in or where they came from. But even so these people share the same some of their vocabularies and bodily features. That is why agree with being called Bajaus in general.
    As a large ethnic group, the Bajaus have subgroups within themselves. And although they share some genetic characteristics and parts of their vocabularies, each of their groups had their own unique languages and traditions. However, some of these subgroups are able to understand the others’ languages. The Simunul for example, which are found in Sabah are able to communicate with other Bajaus using the Tausug language. 
    There are numerous subgroups comprising the Bajaus. The UbianBajaus are the first of these groups. They are originally from the island of South Ubian located in Tawi-Tawi of the Philippines. In Sabah they are considered to be the largest group of Bajaus. They live in minorities around the Kudat and Semporna Towns in Sabah, Malaysia. The Bannaran is another subgroup which originated also in Tawi-Tawi but on the Bannaran Island. They are also found Kudat and Semporna. The SamalBajaus is another group originating from the coasts of Sabah. But many of them have migrated north up to the Visayas and southern Luzon islands.
    The Bajau people vary in their religious beliefs as well as their cultures. Their faiths include the strict Sunni Islam, folk islam and then there are others who are dedicated to ancestor worship. A minority of them are Christians too.

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    The Philippine Eagle is an eagle which belongs to the family Acciptridae. This family is known to be prevalent in Philippine forests. The Eagle has also been called the Monkey-eating Eagle. The Eagle has a world record in terms of length as being the largest. But in terms of weight and bulk, the Harpy and Steller’s Sea Eagle is larger. It was declared by the country as the Philippine national bird due to its power and it being one of the rarest in the world. The bird though is currently and critically endangered because of the deforestation of its habitat. Killing the Philippine Eagle is considered an act of crime in the country and is punishable with 12 years in jail and fines.     The appearance of the Philippine Eagle resembles that of a bird with a lion’s mane. This is due to its brown long feathers forming a shaggy crest on its nape. Its image is also similar to that of a mythical griffin. The bird has a brown crown and a dark face. Underneath its wings the color is white, but the dark brown is the main color of its back. Its legs are yellow in color and had a large size with mighty and dark claws. The beak of the bird is high-arched and bluish gray similar to the color of its eyes.     The Philippine Eagle is 2-3ft 4inches long which has made it the longest extant of eagles. The largest of the in the Philippines is 3ft 8inches in size though it was not considered as a representative to the wild Eagles due to the differences in food intake. This one was found in the Field Museum of Natural History provided with more food than other Philippine Eagles. According to comparisons made on the sexes of these birds, it is said that the male is 10% tinier than the female eagle. One characteristic of the Philippine Eagle is its loud and high-pitched whistles.     It was John Whitehead with his servant Juan was the person who discovered the bird in 1896. The Philippine Eagle was initially called the monkey-eating eagle due to the reports of natives in Samar claiming the bird to prey only on monkeys. It was from these reports that its Greek name was established as “pithecus phagus” or “eater of monkey”. The name was changed to the Philippine Eagle after confirmations that the eagle did feed on other animals.The bird has other names too in the Philippines. It has been named as “haring ibon”, “haribon” and “agila”.     The Agila is considered to be endemic in the Philippines specifically in places such as Mindanao, Leyte, Samar and Luzon. There are 82 up to 233 breeding pairs found in Mindanao while only 6 of them can be found in Samara. Two breeding pairs reside in Leyte and some in Luzon. In forests, the eagle can be found only in very high areas of mountains ranging to over 2,000 meters.      The Philippine Eagle is by nature a monogamous bird. It takes 2 years for its breeding to be completed. When it has found its mate it will stay together their whole lives.
    The City of Cagayan de Oro is also the capital of Misamis Oriental. It is also the regional center of Northern Mindanao. Tourists and travelers from time to time flock the city. Because of this, it is titled as the city of golden friendship. Ironically, before the peace, it went through a tiresome war that made its mark in the history of the Philippines.     For 276 years the Spanish Colonizers dominated the Philippines. But on the 10th of December 1898 the Treaty of Paris was signed by the United States and Spain in Paris. In the treaty it was agreed that the country would handed over to the Americans in return for a payment. The amount paid to Spain by the Americans was 120,000,0000 dollars. In other words, Philippines was bought by the United States from Spain.     In Cagayan de Oro, the Americans’ arrival was much received with restiveness and hostility by the Kagay-anons. They did not agree to the occupation of the US. And so a revolutionary group called “ Tercios Revolucionarios” was created and organized by the people of Cagayan. Its main leaders were people who are prominent even in today’s times. These people included known names in Cagayan de Oro such as Apolinar Velez, Nicanor Capistrano, Roa Y. Racines, Tirso Neri, and Cayetano Pacana.     The prominent leaders of this organization purposefully trained and prepared the Kagay-anons mentally and physically. Their main goal was to resist and push back the Americans from entering their town. But there was a setback to their plans as they have realized. Their men had only bolos and some rifles as weapons to fight the Americans. But nevertheless, these were the men who fought in the famous April 7, 1900 battle and that of Macahambus.     The invasion of Cagayan de Oro by the Americans came on 31 March 1900. They first bombarded the town and burned the flag of Macabalan. The fighters of the Tercios Revolucionarios were already prepared and trained even before the invasion came. But they waited until April 7 to attack the Americans. Their army was headed by General Nicolas Capistrano. Originally, they were camped at Gagno plateau at Bukidnon which is located 9km from Cagayan.      The ringing of San Agustin Church’s bell was the go signal for them to attack the Americans when they arrived. The Revolucionarios attacked in a systematized wave. The first wave were men with bolos only as weapons. Then next to them were the riflemen. They were then followed by cavalrymen. Their main plan was to make a sneak attack on the American soldiers. But because some of the macheteros(men with bolos) shouted battle cries, their plan was foiled.     The Americans were quick to react to the battle cries of the natives carrying bolos and so there raged a battle between the well-armed Americans and the Revolucionarios. When Gen. Capistrano realized impending defeat, he ordered for a retreat. The most intense fighting happened in the town’s plaza, which is now called the Gaston Park. But the Kagay-anons stood no chance against the Americans. After an hour they were defeated and the remnants of the Revolucionarios were chased away from the city.     Even with so little hope of winning, the Revolucionarios fought with much valiance. But still they were defeated. When peace returned to Cagayan de Oro, Tirso Neri became its first Mayor. There he ordered the opening of Divisoria.
         Are you one of those individuals who love to collect smartphone cases every now and then? If yes, then you should be updated with the latest design which has been known as the 360degrees smartphone case. By the name itself, it means it gives 360 degrees protection to your phone. All corners and edges are covered by this case. It has the back cover, sides, and lastly even in front. The front comes with the use of tempered glass, so it is like a 3 in 1 case. Aside from that this case is also really thin. If you don’t like adding extra pounds and spaces to your phone, then this one is perfect for you.                 It also comes in different vibrant colors and designs. It has variety of options where you could choose from. This case however doesn’t have any definite brand name. As expected this one is made from China and can be bought in very affordable price, making its consumers collect for different colors and designs. Price range is usually Between P180 to P300.                 Having this kind of cases is actually great if you want to hide those bumps and dents in your phone and you want it to look really nice again. It is as if you got a new phone especially if you choose the matte designs. However since most of these cases were mass produced you have to check it properly and if possible, always try to fit it before buying. By doing so, you will be sure that it properly fits your phone. It is important to take note of this because oftentimes stores selling such cases seldom accept returns especially if you ordered it online. Also the good news is that it is not limited to a specific smartphone brand only. There are available designs for almost all of the latest and existing smartphone models or units.                             It has been very popular in several online stores such as Facebook and Instagram. It is even possible that you may not find this in malls near you and find it online. This actually became the trend since it is easier to market things in social networking sites rather than on physical stores. If you wish to find out where you could actually get this item, all you have to do is search for it in your Facebook search bar or tab and select from the options given to you.
    If there are things that remained pleasing to the eyes of the people particularly the women, one of these is make-up or cosmetics. Men could even question a lot or almost all of women why they would really want to have a set of make up at home or why do they keep a make-up kit inside their bags at all times? Men often wondered why it appears like women are so delighted with cosmetic and are even confused why they men on the other hand have little or no interest at all when it comes to make up.     If there is someone or something to blame about the differences of perception of men and women towards make-up it is none other than the society’s standards. Women were raised to become attractive. They were conditioned that in order for other people to like them they must always be beautiful, attractive and appealing. They need to observe proper grooming at all times, smell good and do what is likable to others. Meanwhile men were simply raised not to bother about their physical attributes. They were conditioned to become more concern on their skills, their strength and other things that could contribute to them becoming manly enough.     With this regard, and the changing demands and standards of the society when it comes to beauty, women are trying their very best to look appealing and lovable like what they were taught about. With women’s quest to acquire an irresistible kind of beauty, they discovered make-up. Not all women were born with to have the qualities that the society declares to be ideal and beautiful. There are also some women who are exposed to certain things which made a huge effect on their physical traits.      The thing about make-up and beauty is that when it seems appealing to the eyes of most of the people or to the society then it is good and acceptable. There is nothing wrong about choosing cosmetics and enhancing one’s beauty, however the question on how it started and why most women are into it is all because of the society. Almost all people want to look good. Nobody wants to look like a joker or something inappropriate. Looking good is already embedded inside the heads of the people. It is something you cannot just ignore. But it should not also keep you from loving yourself more of who you are and what you are.  
    The Pamalican Island is an island surrounded by reefs with a size of seven square meters. It is located in the Sulu Sea between the island of Agutaya and Cuyo. The Pamalican Island is found north of Palawan. It is part of a numerous groups of island which makes up the Cuyo Archipelago. Though it is a small island with an estimate of 500 meters width, it is considered as one of Philippines’ best island private resorts. Originally the island was a plantation until it was bought by a businessman named Andres Soriano Jr. It was then his children who made a decision to transform it into a private resort. At present, its totality now belongs to the resort which is owned by Sorianos called the Seven Seas Resort. It is also a branch of the Aman Resorts resort group nemd the Amanpulo.     Visitors, tourists and customers can get to the island via a plane coming from Manila. The Dornier 228-202K plane ferries people and supplies to the exclusive resort. Along with it comes personal buggies that takes visitors for a free ride round the island. What is remarkable about the Pamalican Island is its extremely calm and secluded atmosphere.      One of its main attractions are its diving sites and coral reefs. It also has a bio diversity of marine life including manta rays and giant turtles. On the north of the island the “Windsurf hut” offers surf boards and sail for customers. Surfers find the monsoon season which is usually from the months of November to May a very nice time to go for a surf since the winds would blow towards the shore.      Aside from being one of Philippine’s best resorts the Pamalican Island stands as nominee for being one of the best in the world. People who have visited its resorts have said that the island itself looks like a green comet placed on white sand. The island is also famous for its purely natural ambience. It takes only an hour and a half to walk around the whole island. Sights of sharks and giant turtles on the shores are also frequent in the area. Tourists have found its experience to be a “retreat within a retreat”.      What makes the Pamalican island is the Amanpulo. It is a five star hotel and resort exclusive and under the ownership of 7 Seas Resort. The Amanpulo is a combination of Snaskrit and tagalong words which means peaceful islands. Celebrities, politicians and successful businessmen constantly visit the resort because of its unmatched privacy that it offers to people who are in need of it. Famous people including Micheal Jackson and Robert De Niro were even reported as having taken a vacation on the resort though it was never confirmed by the management.      People who wish to visit the Pamalican Island have to go by NAIA Airport. The resort itself provides private planes for the customers operated by the Island Aviation owned by the Sorianos. Each visitor is provided with private buggies that take them to their villas and casitas.

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    Biologically, women have higher tolerance for pain unlike men. Women experience a lot of pain during giving birth and even due to dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is not a disease or an illness but is a medical term used to describe the severe pain in the form of cramps that women usually experience when they are having their monthly period. Sometimes this can occur before, during and even after every menstruation period. When a woman starts to have menstruation there is a high chance that she will experience dysmenorrhea, in fact 80% of women experienced dysmenorrhea since they started to have their monthly periods.      The severe pain that a woman experience is absolutely something that any man would never want to experience. It is an excruciating kind of pain that it can already affect a woman’s daily activities. Some women even experience nausea and vomiting. Once it starts to interrupt with a person’s activities it is important to find ways on how to handle and perhaps ease the pain that it brings.      Physiologically, dysmenorrhea occurs when the uterus starts to contract. The reason why women feel cramps is when the uterus starts to contract strongly and it starts to block blood vessels around the uterus. The insufficient supply of oxygen to the muscle is what triggers cramps in the form of dysmenorrhea. Since it has something to do with uterine contraction, it is important to find ways on how contraction can be lessen so that it won’t affect nearby blood vessels     Drink warm water or tea. Warm water can actually help ease the cramps as the warm temperature can actually relax and help the uterus expand. In such way enough oxygen can reach the muscles. A hot compress can also help. Use a hot pack or a bottle filled with hot water and place it near your abdomen. Taking rests is very important so that your body can recover faster.     Refrain from drinking pain reliever. This kind of medicine does not take the source of pain. It only works by masking or inhibiting your pain receptors, thus you will think that it was able to help, but when the effect of the medicine fades away, you will again eventually feel the pain. Dependence to pain relievers is not good because as you take one tablet after another, the dosage will also increase.        Go for an exercise. Although this may sound stupid because of the pain you are feeling, exercise cannot directly help relax the contraction of the uterus. However by doing an exercise your body produces endorphins that can help in boosting your mood and can make you forget about the pain that you are feeling.   
    It is highly flattering when a different culture and nation appreciate your own. It is exactly what happened when a known Japanese artist created an artwork of the current President of the Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte together with his the PNP Chief Ronald “Bato” De la Rosa. It is already a public knowledge that there are some people who are not actually very supportive of the President’s campaign against illegal drugs. And there are also some who are very much eager to pin down the president and his cabinet members.     The diverse reaction of the Filipino people towards their President is actually normal. There will always be supporters and there some who will greatly oppose. However, what is unusual is when a different country or nation comes in and appreciate the leadership and governance of the president. As a form of gratitude and appreciation an artwork made by has been given to the president and Chief Dela Rosa.      The artwork shows a scene when President Duterte awarded Chief Dela Rosa as the new PNP chief.  Several people became really produ of what the artist did. After a long time, someone who is even from a different culture appreciated the efforts of the President. This act according to most Filipinos, made them once again proud that they are Filipinos and that they have people like Duterte and Dela rosa.     It is just difficult to understand that how come a foreign figure managed to appreciate the efforts of the president yet its people turned a blind eye on his achievements and aspirations of giving the Philippines a chance to prosper again, all for the benefit of the Filipino people and the next generations. Regardless of the campaign launched against the President people even from different countries have shown their support and their amazement of his governance and strong law enforcement.     It is indeed the time that Filipinos should be very proud of having a leader like him, a leader like no other. He has shown his great love and concern for the Filipino nation. It took the Philippines years before someone has finally brought great change to the country. According to surveys the Filipinos have high hopes that the current administration will be able to help deliver the nation to become prosperous. It is also evident in the lesser number of crime rates being recorded as a result of his campaign against illegal drugs. Truly, President Rodrigo Duterte is a blessing from above. People are praying for him to have longer life in order to serve and care for the Filipino people for more years to come.     
    The Philippines has caught the attention of several humanitarian groups because of the alleged extra judicial killings happening in the country. Those who are against of the present administration’s campaign to eradicate drugs all over the country raised their concerns up to the international or foreign bodies. Because according to them the Philippines is being managed under President Rodrigo Duterte’s dictatorship.     In response to this call, there are indeed several international groups even the UN who immediately showed disagreement towards the Duterte administration without even validating the reports being brought to them. This is actually one of the biggest conflicts within this country. Media is no longer a source for credible and genuine news. The integrity of those who are working in media companies have been already stained because of their biased reporting. It has been already proven several times even during the campaign period.      During Duterte explained and defended his governance and the alleged extra judicial killings. In counter to what the critics and the international groups were saying, Duterte then showed photos of the Budajo. These photos were not even documented in Philippine history books. Majority of the Filipinos are not aware of the existence of this unfortunate event. Only few people knew about this and luckily the President is one of these people. He revealed the almost-forgotten sentiments of those people who were part of the said history.      Budajo, is one of the most bloody encounters of all time. Although this wasn’t documented, it remains in the memory of the Tausug Tribe who has kept in their memories up to now. There were pictures recovered of what actually happened during that time. It was absolutely a massacre were helpless individuals were slaughtered.  The tribe resisted the American colonization in return they did this to them. However it was not documented at all. Americans managed to build a false image of them being good to Filipinos.      This is the main reason why Duterte believes that there is strong and undying sentiments in Mindanao that very few people are aware of. Finally the time has come that it has been revealed to the public and how bloody it was for our brother and sisters. It was even suggested that history books for public schools must contain and cover the details of this horrific event and to make every Filipino appreciate and enrich his or her own culture rather than those of other races.   
    The Philippines has been known to be a home for variety of culture and tradition. It can’t be denied that different tribe, and races were able to contribute and influence the Philippine’s history. Descendants from different cultures were embraced by the native Filipinos and created a community of prosperity rich in friendship and respect. One of the most common events being celebrated in the Philippines is the Chinese New Year. Although this event is intended for Chinese communities only, Filipinos have been fully accustomed to it. Not to mention the existing business establishments owned by Filipino-Chinese families that has been present for quite some time.       For this year, Chinese New Year will fall on January 28, 2017. Is it the same with the usual New Year celebration that the entire world is celebrating during January 1? The reason why Chinese have different kind of New Year Celebration is that Chinese follow the Lunar Calendar instead of the Gregorian calendar. Each year has its own or being represented by a zodiac. Chinese calendar is highly astronomical in nature and this has been their basis since time immemorial. It is also a sort of guide in choosing the best and luckiest dates for certain celebrations or events such as wedding, funerals, house blessings and even in opening a business.      In the Philippines, Chinese New Year is declared as a local non-working holiday. Although the number of number of people who have Chinese blood or are Chinese are not that many, it is a local holiday for all of the Filipinos to celebrate. This is how Chinese’s culture is closely tied with the Filipino’s. It has been also part of the Filipino community to join the Chinese with their tradition during Chinese New Year.      Tikoy which is actually a common food being sold during this celebration has been very popular within the entire country. It is actually made from grinned glutinous rice which is usually sweet. It has different flavors and its sticky nature is said to signify the closeness of family and friends. In China it is called Nian Gao. Although you can buy this anytime of the year, it is more in demand during the celebration of New Year.     Another thing which is very significant during this event is the Chinese Lion Dance. A group of dancers dressed in loud colors usually in red and yellow will roam the streets and perform the lion dance. Dancers are then escorted by other people who will be playing the cymbals and drums to give beat to the dance. They are usually seen in business establishments owned by Chinese businessmen. It is said that the lion dance can bring good fortune especially in business enterprises, since according to them, lions are considered to be the symbol of luck and positive energy.    
    In today's present generation weight has been closely linked to self-esteem, self-confidence and even respect. Believe it or not most of those people being subject to bullying are those who are also having problems with their weight. It has become a serious concern for all especially for young kids who already belonged to the obese class. Bullying can be one of the most dangerous things that a person can experience. It has proved its cost with people who were pushed to commit suicide because they can no longer handle the pain of being a laughing stock.     Beauty has also been greatly linked to size and weight. Skinny people are now considered beautiful because of their mere size. Gone are the days when beauty is actually defined to be something better than the appearance of a person. Several women were slammed because of not being skinny. That is how society dictates the standards of beauty. However there are also some who managed to promote self-acceptance and respect of having different body built which is actually the right thing to do.      On the other hand, being not skinny is also different from being overweight. It is important to maintain a normal body index because it has a huge impact on your health. Body mass index can be computed by getting your height and weight. Your weight should be proportional with your height. This is the main reason why it is important to lose weight if you are a few pounds over than the normal.      Although each person has his or her own beauty regardless of size, health does depend on size. When you tolerate yourself being fat, you are actually putting yourself in great danger and that is not beautiful at all. Being overweight signifies excess fats within your system, particularly in your organs. Heart attack, diabetes and other lifestyle diseases are actually caused by obesity and less control over one’s diet.      This is a human being’s heart at it is covered with fats. It is the reality. It is never ever beautiful to have something like this within you. It should be the number one reason for a person to lose weight. Health is something you can’t have in an instant. It is something you take care of. Being beautiful is being able to live a longer life. The best thing to do is to have a normal body weight and a body free from diseases. This should be an inspiration rather than having the reason of being accepted by the society.