The Badjau

    The word Bajau is a collective term for indigenous groups of people. These groups have also blended with the culture of the Sana which is why they are called the Sama-Bajau. In history the term Sama describes indigenous people who live more in areas of land. On the other hand the term Bajau is used for ethnic groups residing near the seas or on seas or those who dwell in boats. 
    The Badjau People or also called the Sama or Samal are indigenous ethnic groups found in Maritime Southeast Asia. They live mainly on the seas using wooden boats like the Vintas. This ethnic group originally came from the Sulu Archipelago. They also lived in some areas of Mindanao and northern Borneo. For half a century though, the Badjaus have been migrating to neighboring countries and also in the northern Philippines. This is due to the ongoing conflicts in the ARMM ( Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao). At present the Badjaus are considered to be one of the largest ethnic groups in Sabah. They make up almost 15% of the state’s population. These people have also migrated in Indonesia but the number of their population remains unanimous. The Bajau were sometimes associated with other ethnic groups of similar lifestyles. They have been called Sea Gypsies. The outward spreading of the Bajau from their old homes to other countries wasalso associated with the development of sea trade in modern times.
    The origin of the term Bajau was never clarified. It is generally used to describe or call these ethnic groups. Ironically, they themselves never used the term Bajaus to describe themselves. They would call themselves according to their tribe’s names, the place they live in or where they came from. But even so these people share the same some of their vocabularies and bodily features. That is why agree with being called Bajaus in general.
    As a large ethnic group, the Bajaus have subgroups within themselves. And although they share some genetic characteristics and parts of their vocabularies, each of their groups had their own unique languages and traditions. However, some of these subgroups are able to understand the others’ languages. The Simunul for example, which are found in Sabah are able to communicate with other Bajaus using the Tausug language. 
    There are numerous subgroups comprising the Bajaus. The UbianBajaus are the first of these groups. They are originally from the island of South Ubian located in Tawi-Tawi of the Philippines. In Sabah they are considered to be the largest group of Bajaus. They live in minorities around the Kudat and Semporna Towns in Sabah, Malaysia. The Bannaran is another subgroup which originated also in Tawi-Tawi but on the Bannaran Island. They are also found Kudat and Semporna. The SamalBajaus is another group originating from the coasts of Sabah. But many of them have migrated north up to the Visayas and southern Luzon islands.
    The Bajau people vary in their religious beliefs as well as their cultures. Their faiths include the strict Sunni Islam, folk islam and then there are others who are dedicated to ancestor worship. A minority of them are Christians too.

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    Getting pregnant and giving birth is two of the most magical and amazing moments of being a woman and of becoming a mom. Although it seems to be the most remarkable stage or transition from being a woman to becoming a mother, not all women are lucky enough to have a normal delivery due to several reasons. Caesarean section is often performed when the mother has health issues that need to be taken care of first. It is also done when the baby is not in the right position to be delivered normally.      Almost all women would like to have a normal delivery due to financial concerns and even health issues. A normal delivery is also much anticipated because the mother plays the most important role in giving birth to her child. It is also the reason why some mothers felt a bit less of the birthing process because they were put to sleep during the caesarean section.      However to address this issue the caesarean section now has a new process called the gentle C-section. Unlike the traditional C-section, this new process is a lot more interactive because the mother is actually awake and conscious during the entire process. It is also unique because the baby is given the chance to gently pop out of the mother’s tummy making his or her way to the world.      This new birthing process just went quite viral and people are really amazed on how a baby could possibly gently come out of from the mother on its own. Of course the doctors are there to assist, but they let the baby to have its moment of coming out. After the delivery, the baby is then given to the mother for them to have a skin to skin bond which is actually very essential for the baby. It allows the baby’s body to adjust to the temperature of his or her new environment with the help of the warmth that he or she gets from his or her mom. Before, this could only happen during a normal delivery, however big thanks to science, even C-section moms will now have the chance to hold their babies right after giving birth.      On the video below uploaded by youtube user TomoWorld and was uploaded last April 25, 2017. You will see how this cute little guy here managed to say hello to the world. He had a good cry which is actually a good sign that the baby is healthy and he has no complications at all. 
    As a responsible pet owner it is one’s duty to provide all their needs and other necessary medication such as vaccines. It is important to keep their vaccines complete and updated to protect them from potential harm like diseases caused by viruses. But what if your pet died not because you neglect to have it vaccinated but because you were able to complete the vaccine series instead?     It is so heartbreaking for owners to lose their pets when all they did was to comply with what their Vets are telling them. Giving vaccines isn’t as simple as it appears to be. There are things that you need to consider before giving one because it can actually kill your pets instead of protecting them. Vaccinosis is the extreme reaction of vaccine to the dog’s system that usually takes in different forms. The reaction can be as simple as lethargy and a lump on the site of the vaccination and it can go as lethal in the form of anaphylactic shock that usually leads to death.      Puppies of small breeds should not be given its 5in1 vaccine together with the Anti-Rabies vaccine regardless of its age. The Anti-Rabies vaccine is usually given when the puppy is at least 3 months of age. However it should not be given together with the 5in1 vaccine because the puppy’s body might not be able to endure it. The most painful thing about Vaccinosis and anaphylactic shock is that it doesn’t have any forms of symptoms at all. It just happens all of a sudden. Some reactions would occur right away and some may take days or even months before surfacing.      However a very distinct reaction should alert the owners that the vaccination process is something beyond the normal level. When the lump on the vaccination site bursts it means there is really something wrong happening inside your pet’s body. If your Vet tells you to schedule your dog for the two vaccines mentioned earlier and that it should be administered at once, don’t allow it. Although Vaccinosis happens in case to case basis because there are dogs that are more sensitive than the others, it is better to keep in mind that injecting live organisms in the form of vaccines inside a puppy’s body is highly risky. Although it may take more visits to the clinic instead of having it at once, just think of your dogs healthy over your convenience. 
    Having a dog means having a bunch of fur in every corner of your home and every sheet of cloth that you have. It is one of the obvious price of raising a dog. But who cares as long as you and your dog are living happily together. Although you might never bother to wear clothes with fur, the case could be different especially if you need to wear formal attire for a special event. You probably don’t want to appear as the fury guy or gal in any event right? The presence of fur in your suit or dress could appear a bit messy and dirty so you better have it cleaned right away.     Too often than not, removing fur from your clothes is much more difficult that people tell you. Once a cloth with fur will be washed together with other clothes, the fur remains and it can even transfer from one cloth to another, so how to actually remove fur effectively? Here are some of the best yet simple remedies that you can actually do in order to get rid of those excess fur.         1.    Packaging Tapes. You can also use scotch tapes as long as it is 2 inches wide. Hold the tape and pull a length that is enough to roll on the entire circumference of the tape tube. Glide or slide it to the portion where very can be visibly seen. You will then notice the fur will attach to the tape. Significantly you can also use this method like picking up the fur instead of entirely rolling the tape unto the surface of the clothes.          2.    Wet Cloth. Wipe the area where you can see the fur, it will then attached to the wet cloth, some fur once wet because heavy and then falls off on its own.         3.    Vacuum cleaner. If you have small nozzle for your vacuum cleaner that would be best for your need. Use the vacuum cleaner in getting all those unwanted fur in your clothes in no time.          4.    Treat your black clothes differently. Fur are most noticeable in black clothes, if you are washing your clothes, you should separate it from the others.      Keeping your clothes free from fur while having a dog could be tiring sometimes. The best way to save you clothes from that fur is to put your clothes in a plastic suit case or secure a room where your dog is not allowed to stay.   
    Dogs and humans are not just best of friends, both also share the same qualities and even unique traits and one of these is the eye color. There are just unique things that could happen and sometimes it can be treated as unusual ones. Having different eye color is just one of the unusual cases for dogs and humans. In dogs this phenomena is called Heterochromia.     Although it may appear as an abnormality, there are few cases of Heterochromia that indicates illnesses. Dogs’ eye color depends on the level of melanin present in the iris, which is actually the same with humans. A high level of melanin could give a brown eye color or the usual color of dogs’ eyes.     Meanwhile dogs with light blue or green indicates low level of melanin. The levels of melanin on each eye can be different with one another thus there are some dogs who don’t have the same eye color. One eye can be brown and the other one can be blue or green.      Dogs that were born to have different eye colors fall in the congenital case. Heterochromia can actually be passed through generations. If you got a dog having such condition since it was a pup, the most probable reason is that its parents either have the condition or even both of them. However there are also cases when Heterochromia can be acquired. It can happen in an occurrence of a disease such as glaucoma, cataract, or even the failure of the optic nerve to develop.      Heterochromia is much more common on dogs with lighter coat. It can again be explained due to the levels of melanin. The color of the dogs coat is still part of the melanin’s coverage. One of the most common dog breed to have a different eye color is Siberian husky. However it can still occur even to those who don’t have light coat.   
    The Makahiya Plant is a very interesting species of plant found in the Philippines. It has a variety of nicknames associated with it due to its unique characteristics. Its scientific name is Mimosa pudica but others call it the sensitive plant or the” touch me not”. The Makahiya plant is a perennial herb. It has compound leaves that sticks together and closes in whenever it is touched or when it is shaken. Afterwards it takes a few minutes for it to unfold its leaves.      When it is young, its stems stand erect but then it trails as it matures. It is slender and mildly pricky. Usually it is 5 ft tall. Its leaves are bipinnate by nature consisting of up to 26 leaves per pinna. Its petals are red with pink filaments or sometimes lavender. The plant achieves its pollination by the help of winds and insects.      The Makahiya plant is similar to other species of plants. During the night its foliage closes but opens in daylight. But aside from that its leaves have other stimuli which make it close down. It reacts to touch, wind or any sort of vibration. The decrease of turgor pressure is what causes such reactions. Turgor pressure is the force which the waters within the cell vacuoles apply to its walls. Whenever Makahiya is touched the stems get stimulated and releases chemicals resulting in the closing movement of its leaves. Other explanations say that it is also a way of the plant to defend itself from insects that are harmful.     The Makahiya have had other names such as the humble plant, chuimui (Urdu word for “to die when touched) or the ant plant. It has been called the Makahiya in the Philippines which means “a tendency to be shy”. Though it is slender and gentle in its figure, the Makahiya plant is a harmful weed which may cause troubles for crops such as corns, sugar cane, papaya, bananas, cotton and coffee. Research has shown that these plants have nitrogen fixing bacteria living in them.     The Makahiya plant has a famous old legend in the Philippines. According to old stories, there once lived a wealthy couple who had a very kind daughter. Her name was Maria and she had all kinds of good traits in personality and character. But along with those good assets was an intense shyness. Because of this she had a trouble speaking with other people and would avoid them even. And because of it too, she had made for herself a garden where she would spend most of her time.      One day, thieves came to the village and out of fear, Maria’s parents hid her in that garden and prayed for God’s protection. When the bandits arrived they took everything they could from her parents. They also knocked them down in the process. When her mother woke up, she went into the garden to look for Maria but she could not find her. Tired and hopeless she started to believe that the thieves took her daughter with them. But then she felt a flower on her feet. And looking down at it convinced her that it was Maria. She had turned into a flower as God answered their prayer to protect her. Her mother cried and each plant that was touched by her tears transformed them into the same flower. It was the same as Maria who was so shy.

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    When you don’t have sweet tooth it is hard to find snacks that can match your low tolerance for sugar. Almost all snacks were made out of sugar, chocolates and other forms of sweeteners. It is the main reason why Skittles stands out from the rest of the group. It is a sweet yet sour candy that comes in a bright rainbow colors. But all of a sudden Skittles became really dull and lost all that rainbow colors.     In an official stamen made by Skittles, they decided to have a different packaging for intended for the entire month of June. As practiced June is the month dedicated for the LGBT community. The LGBT community has the rainbow to represent them because they acknowledged that they are composed of different genders thus constitutes not just a single color but of different colors.      Since the Skittles and the LGBT community share the same kind of color representation, Skittles gladly gave way to the LGBT community. According to them, although the share the same symbol, one has to stand out and celebrate their existence and they give it whole heartedly to the LGBT group.      This is such a remarkable and thoughtful move for Skittles. Although they were branded and known because of their color, they were not afraid to give way to celebrate a significant event for some people. Consumers in return have shown appreciation to what the company did. Their customers admired their sensitive and immediate decision to honor the LGBT community.     Changing brand packaging is a bit risky when it comes to sales and market. Well known and established companies see to it that when they have to change or modify their packaging it needs to be somehow close to the previous design. It is because people shop out of familiarity. When you change your packaging into a totally different concept, chances are your consumers will not be able to recognize your products anymore.      However it is different with the case of Skittles. They dared to risk their sales and their brand in order to commemorate an event. With this making rounds in the internet, Skittles is rest assured that their customers would still remain loyal to them.   
    Birth order has been known to have a significant influence on a person’s personality. In fact a prominent and well known psychologist coined the theory about birth order. It was Alfred Adler’s work that lead other psychologists to consider how such event can partly affect and help in predicting a person’s overall personality.     In his theory of birth order however, a specific position have shown great crisis in terms of dealing with the demands of that particular order. The middle child is considered to be someone who is in between the eldest and the youngest child being born. The middle child has an elder sibling to compete with in terms of achievement and trust from parents, as well as control over the other siblings. At the same time the middle child needs to face the unfortunate reality that although he or she had enjoyed a moment of being the youngest it did not last long prior to the birth of a sibling. Now the youngest child enjoys all the attention and care that was supposedly given to the middle child.     It is quite a difficult task to stay on the middle. The eldest becomes busy with responsibilities entrusted by the parents, thus the eldest won’t mind not being their parents’ favorite because he or she was given a task or responsibility that needs to be fulfilled. In a way, the eldest child feels empowerment and develops control over his or her younger siblings. As a result, a middle child develop unique character traits in order to cope with the crisis of being caught in the middle. Commonly, they become secretive in nature. They naturally have high trust issues. The always strive to please everybody so that they can be noticed by their parents.      By staying in the middle, the child becomes a good mediator. After all it is an advantage to be on the both sides. It is like being the best of both worlds. The term middle child syndrome was a sort of adaptation to the crisis that child who falls under that particular order has to face. It’s considered a syndrome for some because most of the time middle kids have the same sentiments with one another.      Although Alfred Adler’s theory were postulated years ago it is still present up to this point. Certain modern psychologists have adopted his concept of birth order and how it pays a crucial role in the development of one’s personality.  
    If you are reading this then you are most likely a middle child who is looking for confirmation that you really feel special because of your controversial birth order. Although less attention is given to middle children during child rearing, middle children became an interesting target for research because of their complicated situation. Children who were born on such order have great qualities especially when it comes to coping and socialization. But what are the most common traits that makes up a middle child? Here is the list: 1.    A part of you will always feel that nobody cares about you – it is the most fundamental feeling that the middle children share. It starts when you just don’t know who or what you should be. The parents are busy making your older sibling responsible and at the same time they are busy looking after and enjoying your younger sibling.  2.    You were used to being alone but you are not even sad about it – although not all middle children are introverts, there is a strong force that pushes a middle child to enjoy a moment of himself or herself to meditate or to think of plans especially when a decision has to be made.  3.     You talk to yourself vocally – although it wasn’t intentional, most middle kids were not given the chance to voice out their opinion because it is the job of the older sibling and such decisions are actually made for the benefit of the youngest child. In a way, middle children have been used to voice out their thoughts to their selves alone. They do it because they actually value listening to opinion since they weren’t given that chance when they were young. 4.     You always think that you are not your parents’ favorite – parental biases will always take place no matter how many times parents say that they don’t have favoritism among their children. Meanwhile, the middles would voluntarily take the place of not being the favorite child or the less appreciated one because they have been used to sacrifice  ever since they became a middle child. 5.    It always comes to you to consider other people’s feelings before you make any decision – although this may sound too kind this is actually true for almost all middle kids. Since they were used to get caught in the middle they learned how it feels to be on top of someone and at the same time find themselves in the bottom.  6.     You feel a bit distant and secretive to your own family – this is a thing that only middle children could understand. It may sound rebellious but it is not. Since they were used being left behind or that their opinions don’t really matter at all, they become cautious in opening up or trusting a family member.     
    The primary instincts of humans is to survive. However aside from the goal of surviving humans are also born to appreciate art. Although art may seem not a necessity because a human being can survive without it, art is something that makes a person able to survive while staying sane. Art is not limited to paintings or drawings, music is considered as an art and even language. Humans are born to be artistic creatures and it is exciting to know that art is limitless and it can never be stopped. It is immortal and it will always be. One of the ultimate representation of art is having a tattoo. But is tattoo a form or art and expression or it is just a form of style?     Getting inked isn’t simple as it seems. Your body will become the perfect canvas for this art, thus it is important to carefully think about your purpose and the design that you wished to have. Also the pain while getting inked is not a joke. And, tattoo artists need to be very precise when they are doing their job. It is why tattoo artists deserve such high respect among other artists.      While many people could not understand why some would want to “stain” their bodies like they always think of, having a tattoo constitute to something deeper than just a fashion statement. It is quite hard to be judged once you have tattoos in your body. The society has this idea that once you have one in your body you are either an ex-convict, drug addict, a member of a gang, a prostitute and so much more. People with tattoos were even branded not to have good jobs. Tattoos are often objectified as a good for nothing art.      Having a tattoo is not equivalent to committing a crime but some people don’t make any distinction to it. People should then realize that art can take different forms, if they learned to appreciate music then tattoos deserve that chance too.      People who would want to get inked are ordinary people with bigger appreciation for art. They are the ones who are not afraid to be judged by other people. They are not ashamed of expressing who they are and they are proud of having it inked on their bodies. Having a tattoo does not mean you are destroying your body. How come it become destructive when it is in fact what your heart desires?   
    There are several ways to determine a person’s capability. A person can be judged through educational attainment, amount of salary or savings that that person has and many more. But a person’s personality is something which makes that particular person different from any other. In general personality is the overall qualities of a person. It includes his or her coping mechanisms, attitude to a particular situation, beliefs, aspiration, his or her character and even temperament. But how does a person’s personality develop? Is it something inborn, or is personality made? According to Psychology there are several things that can affect and are responsible in shaping a person’s personality such as birth order.      The relevance of birth order to personality was first proposed by Alfred Adler. According to him, birth order determines or guides a person’s personality because of a made up expectation to a child even before he or she learns to behave on things. Children are already expected to behave into a particular list things because it has been the norm of the society.     The birth order theory includes the first born, second born, middle, and the last born or as the only child. According to Adler the following are the shaped personalities according to birth order:     First Born – Tends to become achievers, controlling, and reliable, independent, perfectionist, structured and cautious. These traits are often associated with child rearing, since the first born are always entrusted or tasked to look after their younger siblings. And as the first born grows older, it will play a huge part in the development of personality.     Middle Child – We often hear about middle child syndrome which describes the crisis of being in between an older and a younger sibling. The birth order triggers the middle child to feel less wanted because the first born is entrusted with the responsibility and then the youngest becomes the favorite. Middle children tend to become secretive, short tempered, and prone to become rebellious but are good when it comes to socializing with other people.      Youngest – The youngest child in the family is considered to be the favorite of all. Although parents would try to give equal treatment to their children, it is the youngest child who will get all the attention and care. With the abundance of love and attention the youngest kids can become manipulative, self-centered, dependent, attention seeker but at the same time they are outgoing, they are good in dealing emotions and are often relaxed.