The Badjau

    The word Bajau is a collective term for indigenous groups of people. These groups have also blended with the culture of the Sana which is why they are called the Sama-Bajau. In history the term Sama describes indigenous people who live more in areas of land. On the other hand the term Bajau is used for ethnic groups residing near the seas or on seas or those who dwell in boats. 
    The Badjau People or also called the Sama or Samal are indigenous ethnic groups found in Maritime Southeast Asia. They live mainly on the seas using wooden boats like the Vintas. This ethnic group originally came from the Sulu Archipelago. They also lived in some areas of Mindanao and northern Borneo. For half a century though, the Badjaus have been migrating to neighboring countries and also in the northern Philippines. This is due to the ongoing conflicts in the ARMM ( Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao). At present the Badjaus are considered to be one of the largest ethnic groups in Sabah. They make up almost 15% of the state’s population. These people have also migrated in Indonesia but the number of their population remains unanimous. The Bajau were sometimes associated with other ethnic groups of similar lifestyles. They have been called Sea Gypsies. The outward spreading of the Bajau from their old homes to other countries wasalso associated with the development of sea trade in modern times.
    The origin of the term Bajau was never clarified. It is generally used to describe or call these ethnic groups. Ironically, they themselves never used the term Bajaus to describe themselves. They would call themselves according to their tribe’s names, the place they live in or where they came from. But even so these people share the same some of their vocabularies and bodily features. That is why agree with being called Bajaus in general.
    As a large ethnic group, the Bajaus have subgroups within themselves. And although they share some genetic characteristics and parts of their vocabularies, each of their groups had their own unique languages and traditions. However, some of these subgroups are able to understand the others’ languages. The Simunul for example, which are found in Sabah are able to communicate with other Bajaus using the Tausug language. 
    There are numerous subgroups comprising the Bajaus. The UbianBajaus are the first of these groups. They are originally from the island of South Ubian located in Tawi-Tawi of the Philippines. In Sabah they are considered to be the largest group of Bajaus. They live in minorities around the Kudat and Semporna Towns in Sabah, Malaysia. The Bannaran is another subgroup which originated also in Tawi-Tawi but on the Bannaran Island. They are also found Kudat and Semporna. The SamalBajaus is another group originating from the coasts of Sabah. But many of them have migrated north up to the Visayas and southern Luzon islands.
    The Bajau people vary in their religious beliefs as well as their cultures. Their faiths include the strict Sunni Islam, folk islam and then there are others who are dedicated to ancestor worship. A minority of them are Christians too.

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    It is a bizarre geological formation which consists of at least 1,260 hills.  Each hill is covered with green grass which turns to brown in the dry season making it look like chocolates. The images of these hills are marked in Bohol’s provincial flag and seal as a symbol of prosperity.   Because of its fame among tourists, the Chocolate Hills were added in the list of Philippine Tourism Authority’s tourist destinations. It is also considered as the third National Geological Monument of the Philippines.     The Chocolate hills are all dome-shaped and symmetrical in shape. They differ in sizes some from 30-50 meters high. Each of these hills is made of limestone covered by grass. It is also estimated to have 1,268 up to 1,776 mounds making up the whole group of hills which are scattered in Carmen, Sagbayan and Batuan towns. The hills got its name from the color it turns to during dry seasons-chocolate brown. This is due to the drying leaves of the grass covering it. The Chocolate hills would look like endless giant dome chocolates lined up as far as the eye can see during the summer.     The Imperata cylindrica, Saccharum spontaneum, and Compositae are the species of grass which grows on these hills. Groups of ferns can also be found covering the layers. The cultivation of rice is mainly found in between each hill. Because of quarrying activities, these vegetations are now threatened.     The Chocolate Hills has some legends explaining the origin of the Chocolate Hills. The first one explains that there used to be two giants who fought and hurled rocks and giant boulders at each other. When they grew tired they reconciled and left the place forgetting to clean up. Another legend has it that a giant called Arogo cried so much for the death of a beloved mortal so much that the Chocolate Hills were formed. The third legend claims that it was a giant carabao eating all of the town’s crops. The townsfolk planned and fed the giant with spoiled food and so it has defecated large mounds. These mounds then dried up turning into the Chocolate Hills.     But whatever the legends say, a more scientific explanation could be found and read at a viewing deck located in Carmen, Bohol. The plaque explains that the hills were originally marine limestone underneath which is hardened clay. The shapes turned into what it is today due to constant rain, erosion and coral uplifting.     Because of its special characteristics in terms of science and tourism, the chocolate hills were declared as a National Geological Monument in June 18, 1988 by the National Committee on Geological Sciences. And on July 1, 1997 President Fidel Ramos signed the Proclamation No.1037 which gave more protection to the site. This proclamation established the need to preserve and maintain the chocolate hills. It also established strategies to avoid illegal exploitations of the tourist landmark.     At present there are two ways to view the Hills of Bohol. One is to go to the “Chocolate Hills Complex” and another is at the “Sagbayan Peak”.
     It is again September and all eyes and ears are waiting for the release of Iphone’s latest member, the Iphone 7. So what are the new things that buyers should anticipate or expect for this device? Is it just similar to its predecessors or it has something very unique to offer? Much of these hunches, it seems like there are things that will totally surprise the people. The questions of will people be glad or mad about it, is surely something any interested buyer should take note.      One thing that is remarkably new about this device is the loss or absence of the headphone jack. Iphone7 did drop off the historic headphone jack in exchange of the iphone earpods. Users should expect for a wireless lightning earpods that works through bluetooth connection. Choosing to go wireless has drawn so much controversy to the Apple Company, yet their Marketing Chief Phil Schiller, stood firm and proud of the dynamic change of the Iphone7. According to Schiller, they decided to get rid of the traditional analog type of headphones not due to superficial reasons or perhaps to elicit an elegant style, but because the traditional design is consuming too much space for the device’s new processor. They have to let go of it and had the courage to go wireless.      However, although it’s for the device’s own good in order to optimize its capacity, these lightning earpods are actually sold separately. Yes, you heard it right. Unlike the usual package when you buy a new device, Iphone7’s lightning earpods are not for free. So what’s the deal if you opt only for the device and you find it too costly to go for the lightning earpods? Well, you can still use your old headphones but it will take a quite turn before you can use it. You need to use an adapter that you have to connect through the charging port and connect your headphones on that adapter.      Which would look like this:      It’s indeed quite a job and a bit hassle, especially when you choose to walk around with your headphones on. With this, one will surely decide to go for the lightning earpods, if and only if you have the budget for it.
    One of the most sophisticated cities of the sixteen cities that makes up Metro Manila is Makati City. It is called the Cosmopolitan City because of its diversity in culture. It is famous for a number of reasons. Aside from being the country’s financial center, it also hosts embassies which is why it is where some international affairs are held. Makati city is remarkable for its multicultural lifestyle. It is also reputed as the entertainment center as well as a center for all kinds of intercontinental matters. The city though is most known for its hotels, condominiums, financial hubs, entertainment hubs and shopping centers all scattered around it.     According to traditional accounts, the name Makati came from a misinterpretation by the Tagalog Filipino people of Governor General Miguel de Legazpi’s questions. In the story, he asked for the name of the land near the Pasig River, but the Filipinos replied the word “Makati” which refers to the ebbing tides of the river. It was on 02 January, 1995 that Makati through the 7854 Republic Act became an independent city. Then on 30 June, 1998 the City of Makati became divided into two districts.     The city is also famous for its prominent shopping malls like Greenbelt, Power Plant and the Glorietta Malls. Aside from that it is known as the home for one of the top schools in business known as the AIM or the Asian Institute of Management. This school is an internationally recognized school. Also, Makati is where the various Rockwell campus is located.     As for its culture, the city consists of art museums, historical churches and other recreations. It is where the Manila Polo Club and Manila Golf Club is found. It also has famous landmarks in sports such as the Mkati Coliseum and the Sports Club of Makati.      The city’s official seal represents its territory’s silhouette. Underneath the silhouette is a symbol of the Pasig River which in real life is found in the north borders of Makati. Also, in front of the silhouette is the Gudalupe Church which has been included because of it being the oldest church in the City. It also symbolizes influence from the Spanish early rulers. Aside from that, in front of the city’s silhouette are drawings of skyscrapers behind which are 33 lines of rays that represents Makati’s barangays.     According to history the city of Makati used to be a part of the Santa Ana de Sapa municipality and was used as a center for pilgrimage. In the year 1670 it became an independent municipality having the name of San Pedro de Macati after its patron Saint Peter. During that century until the 18th century Makati has been famous for being prosperous in pottery.     But the rapid growth of the town came after the 2nd World War. It gave rise to real estate prices, communities which are planned centrally, and became the commercial and financial capital of the Philippines. Makati City is home to famous shopping malls, hotels, condominiums, museums, embassies and churches. Its diversity in nature became the key to its success.
    The Tubbataha name originates from a Samal word which means “a large reef bare to the low tides”. Because of their nomadic lifestyle the Samal people of the sea frequently visited the large reef and would live there temporarily.      The Tubbataha Reef of the Sulu Sea in the Philippines is an atoll reef which means that it is a coral island with a lagoon in the middle of its body. Located 180km southeast from Puerto Princesa, a trip to the coral island is a 12-hour long ride by a boat.  The reef has two main parts. The smaller of the two coral islands is located in the southern part having 5kilometers in length and 3kilometers wide. The larger one or also called the North Atoll has a length of 2kilometers and is 5kilometers in width. So far, there has been no permanent inhabitant living in the area. Fishermen only come and build shelters in the area by seasons. Tourists and divers would also visit the reef due to the fact that it has gained the reputation of being the best site for diving in the Philippines.The coral reef is popular for its walls that immediately ends and gives way to great depths. Divers find it wonderful to dive in from them. Various colonies of fish also dwell on the wonder of these walls.  Parrotfish, hammerhead sharks, manta rays, napoleon wrasse and barracudas are some of which have been reported to be living in it. There are also some reports of whale and tiger sharks seen in the corals. The Tubbataha has over a thousand species many of which are endangered inhabiting its reef. Some of which are the lionfish, clownfish and hawksbill sea turtles. Its ecosystem is so diverse that it has been said to rival that of the marine life found the Great Barrier Reef. Recent researches show that it has an estimate of about 400 to 600 coral and fish species.     The Tubbataha Reef of Palawan is now called the Tubbataha National Marine Park. What makes it remarkable is its enormous size. In the year 1988 of August it was established as having an area of 82thousand acres. Later in 2006, its boundary was further increased by executive order to 200% by then president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. At present the PCSD (Palawan Council for Sustainable Development and DENR (Department of Environment and Natural Resources) is responsible for its technical supervision.     The Tubbataha Seasons are those months when the waves are considered to be more safe and calm. It is also the season when divers and tourists visit the spot in large numbers. Travelers would fill the area especially during the Easter and the Golden Week of the Asian holidays. It has been advised that visitors would do well to book trips right after or somewhere in the middle of April as strong waves are still present during those days which may cause troubles for diving excursions and visibility in underwater.
     A few days after the recent launching of Samsung’s Galaxy Note 7, several complaints were already raised against one of the most anticipated smartphones of today’s era. Due to the severity of the issue Samsung decided to replace all sold units of galaxy note 7. It was when the first few customers of the product experienced issues with its battery. It happens to overheat during the charging of device. It actually explodes making it a very hazard one when it comes to safety and security issues. People are now questioning how was it able to pass the quality control standards? To note, this is the first time that Samsung experienced this kind of incident. Is it a sign that Samsung is now lowering its quality to take lead on its number one adversary? Definitely this occurrence stained Samsung’s most valued reputation.     It is such dismay that Samsung wasn’t able to detect this problem before launching it to the public. Aside from the recall for sold items, marketing of Galaxy Note 7 has been stopped for the meantime. People are now confused as to how their devices can be replaced and how long would it take them to wait. As of the moment Galaxy Note 7 has already sold quite a number of units.      According to some tech analysts, Samsung was trying to get ahead of the release of Iphone 7; unfortunately it turned out to be a disaster instead of advancing from its opponent. However several people would still want to wait for the release of the new device provided that all issues shall be resolved before making it available to the public.     With this scenario, one could essentially realize the downside of being too excited and hunching for the release of the latest device. Although it pays off being updated, not to mention showing off its newest features, but how are these people going to deal with their devices? Returning their devices doesn’t mean they can also have their money back. Rather they need to wait for a certain period of time before they can eventually have their paid items back unto their hands.      Several memes surfaced in the internet and although it may seem ridiculous, you will surely get it on point. Will Galaxy Note lovers remain loyal to their adored devices? We will find out in the next few days.   

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    Remember the good all days when Nokia 3315 dominated the cellular brands available in the market? It has been the most popular and famous brand for cellular devices. Before mobile devices came in, it was first cellular devices and during that time Nokia has been occupying a great spot as the people’s number one choice.      However despite the popularity and the trusted reputation, Nokia faced a catastrophic event. During the release of mobile devices powered by android and ios, nokia wasn’t able to come up right away with their own version of android phone. Instead of getting along with the trend Nokia took the risk of partnering with Windows. The partnership gave birth to Nokia Lumia, also known as the Window’s Phone. Despite the name and the fresh approach, the new windows phone did not manage to attract more customers since it was launched. It was close to being failure since almost all users prefer using android devices rather than have it on windows.      For quite some time, Nokia remained silent about its attempt to match the release of android phones. Some people are even thinking what happened to this company. Nokia has indeed made a legacy. Now that the contract of the partnership between Nokia and Microsoft is finally over, Nokia is now launching its comeback with Nokia 6.     Last January 19, 2017 the company finally launched their mobile android device, the Nokia 6. Although this device will be launched exclusively in China as of the moment, people all over the world are very much excited for the comeback. But how excited should the people be with the specs of this new device?     Everybody should be excited because Nokia 6 has amazing specs that can be compared with Samsung and Apple’s most popular devices. Aside from the monster specs, people are very surprised to have it in a very affordable price. It is 70% cheaper compared to Apple’s Iphone 7 and Samsung’s S8. Just imagine having this kind of specs in a market price.     There is no wonder why it was sold out just a minute after its first launching in China. Although there are no reviews yet about this device people are positively anticipating that this is the thing that they have been waiting for. Everyone is wishing for this device to be available in their country or if not, Nokia will create a device that will be available all over the world.      There are also rumors that Nokia, in partnership with HMD Global will release two android mobile devices this year. And Nokia 6 is just the start of their comeback. The public are now waiting if Nokia will try to match the release date of Apple’s Iphone and Samsung’s S series. This will be an exciting year indeed. If you have plans of getting a new mobile device this year, you should watch out because a new competitive brand is going to make rounds for sure.   
    Losing weight has been one of the most anticipated topics for quite a while now. People are very much eager to lose weight and to obtain a physically fit body. Being slim and thin is now the new standard of beauty, which is the main reason why almost everyone are trying really hard to at least lower down those unwanted fats. The best and most effective way to lose weight is to have a daily exercise and to eat healthy foods that are enough to sustain the body’s need for energy. But people are too busy and lazy to do both.      It is undeniably true that people nowadays would love to eat and eat and wish not to gain weight at all. However it will never happen to most people. There are some though who don’t have any problems of gaining weight because of their metabolism.  But majority of people will pay price of eating too much and absolutely gaining too much weight. People are now trying their very best to finds the easiest yet the most effective way to lose weight. There are supplements, food suppressants, even coffee mix especially made to lose weight. To add to these is the discovery of rice corn.     Corn is known to be a good source of carbohydrates and even rich in minerals and vitamins. However although it is rich in carbohydrates it can actually help people lose weight especially if you are the type of person who often have carbs on their meals. Filipinos are rice eaters. It is hard for one to live on bread alone and that is for sure. If you rely heavily on rice or on carbohydrates it is best to replace rice with rice corn instead.      Rice corn might be effective to help you lose weight since it is has the most number of fiber among other grains. Aside from being fiber-rich, rice corn is more compact compared to rice. It means you only need a little serving for you to get full. Also it takes time before your stomach could actually digest corn because of its compact nature that is why it will also take time before you can feel hunger once again. Corn has less sugar compared to rice. It is one of the biggest assets of rice corn eaters. Carbohydrates, fats, and sugar are the three things you don’t want to accumulate in your diet if you want to achieve a lean and sexy body. Although corn contains carbs, you will be taking it in minimum amount since it is more compact compared to white rice.     Everybody is looking for different ways to lose weight. The best thing to do is to acquire discipline first and then look for ways appropriate for your body build. Not all dietary supplements are effective. Some would depend mainly on the body’s mechanism in losing weight!     
    Taking a bath is a necessity for any person. Taking baths regularly have great effects on the body especially when it comes to proper hygiene.  Washing your body removes dirt and even germs that may cause skin irritation and other forms of ailments. However there are also concerns when it comes to taking baths such as the drying of skin. What actually makes the skin dry and how can it be prevented?      Having a glowing and fully nourished skin is such an asset. It shows how healthy a person is and how he or she takes good care of his or her body. Of course dull and dry skin is not an indication of a healthy lifestyle. It can make a person look older than they seem. Taking baths regularly can indeed make your skin dry because it also removes the moisture within your skin. However choosing between soap or body bar and body wash can actually solve your problem.     Body bars or beauty bars are among the oldest and the traditional products used during bath time. It has been present even centuries ago. It is convenient to use and comes in affordable prices. Several variants of soap have been already produced to cater the needs of every person. There are beauty bars made especially for people having sensitive skin. These are often termed mas hypo allergenic products. With the convenience of using beauty bars, is there something special about body wash that can actually change the minds of the people who have been used to soaps.      Unlike beauty bars, body wash or shower gels are actually great if you have dry skin problems. The chemical components used in making shower gels are lighter and more delicate compared to those of beauty bars. This is the main reason why shower gels can totally moisturize your skin even if you use it every day. Although beauty bars have been present for ages, shower gels have its benefits that any person would surely consider.      A body wash unlike soap can be stored in a pump-type container making it really handy. Its scent stays longer in your skin unlike soap does. It produces more amount of lather, making you enjoy your bath more. It moisturizes your skin and it also comes in different variants depending on use. It is not that expensive and it can be bought in any supermarket stores just like soaps. Unlike soap it does not have any residues that can actually make your skin flaky.   
    If you are fond of shopping online for sure you have come across posts or pages selling bags, shoes, jewelries, cosmetics and other sort of trendy things. These items became really salable because sellers would claim that they have way cheaper prices compared to those items sold in malls. A buyer with a limited amount of money would sure go for a budget-friendly deal believing that he or she would get the same item being sold in malls. Other seller would even label their products as “authentic overruns” or “original overruns”.      What else should a buyer know if an item is labeled as an authentic overrun aside from the lower price it has? The truth is there is actually no such thing as “authentic overrun”. It’s just between an original one and a fake one. Yes, overruns are considered fake or counterfeit products. In support to the overrun claim, others would say that the products they are selling did not match or pass the quality standards and so they are being sold in cheaper prices. These products are still made from the original material but has some sort of imperfections and are not included in items delivered in malls and other authorized distributors. This claim sounds really convincing right?      In counterfeit items or imitations there are still classifications in terms of quality. The one considered to be the closest to the original is called an overrun, next is a replica, and it is followed by class A, class B and so on. There are some items that are really sturdy and have great quality, almost the same with the original. The price difference does matter, and if you are going to conduct a research, almost all online stores have the same price range for items. This means, their products came from the same source or the supplier for these items is the same.      There is nothing wrong in buying these kinds of stuff, who would want to spend more money if can spend less and have the item that you really like? However it is best to know the value of what you are buying for. Don’t get fooled by those sellers telling you that they are selling original items. Also, the price range for overrun items are almost the same, so don’t get fooled if you saw an item that you like in a much higher price compared to what you saw, thinking that, that  must be the original one. If the price is 50%-70% lower compared to malls, then it must have been an overrun or a replica.   
    Nowadays, people are becoming busier with their work and other sorts of responsibilities. When you have just started working, chances are you spend majority of your time working and earning a living. But it is also important to distress yourself from so much stress from the demands of your work. But how can you do it if you have very limited time left to enjoy? Food has been one of the key comforts of the people at this present time.      Wherever and whenever you go to a certain restaurant you will surely get to see a chicken on their menu. Chicken is served in all restaurants, of course except for vegans. It is one of the most handy to cook among all other meat. You can have it fried, serve it in salads, or have it as a soup and even in barbecues. People consume chicken as much as they consume rice. Aside from being versatile in terms of recipes, chicken can be cooked easily. Most of the chicken recipes do not require too much time in terms of preparation. Also, it is always available in the market, rain or shine. It is available whole year round. It doesn’t have to depend on any season at all.     Almost all are eating chicken but do you know or have you already asked yourself on which is the healthiest part of the chicken? In terms of being healthy, the breast part would surely take the win. Why it is considered to be the healthiest has something to do with its structure and component. Unlike other chicken parts, the breast is mainly composed of lean meat. It does not have any extra fat and is a good source of protein. It isn’t difficult to prepare and require little or less time compared to other parts because it does not have bones at all. Although the breast may seem not that appealing it is the healthiest part of the chicken. It is best for those who are on their diet. You will not feel guilty at all after consuming a whole chicken breast.      Now for the tastiest part, it is none other than the thighs. The drumstick is indeed popular but the thighs have tastier meat. The wings might also be a good appetizer however it contains less meat compared to the thighs, making it as appetizer but not the main dish. Chicken thighs have tastier and juicer meat compared to all others. It has the right amount of meat and it has bones to give it enough structure and for you to bite on.      However if you are a drumstick person then go for it, choose the one that makes you happy. If you are conscious with your diet then go for the breast part. In the end, it will depend on your own preference. Rest, assured that your chicken will always be there for you no matter what.