Mount Mayon

    The Mount Mayon is a volcano that has an exact symmetrical cone. It is called the "perfect cone". The location of the volcano is at the province of Albay in Luzon. The perfect cone has an elevation of 8,081 ft with a prominence of 8,028 ft. As an active volcano its last eruption was on the year 2010. Mayon can be found at the tip or within the boundary of Legazpi City. In the year 2000 it was developed into a national park. It is also nicknamed as Bulkang Magayon after the legend of "Daragang Mayon".
    The perfect cone of the volcano was formed by layers of lava flows and eruptions that it has gone through in the past years. It is included in the Pacific Ring of Fire like other volcanoes in the Pacific Ocean. The volcano is situated in the east side of Luzon with a position close to the Philippine Trench or the boundary wherein the Sea Plate is placed right under the Mobile Belt. When these plates collide with the oceanic plate it is driven down towards the Earth’s mantle. Magma enters and finds a way through exit points such as the Mount Mayon through those gaps in the crust created by the collision of plates.
    For over 400 years Mayon Volcano has erupted 48 times. It is the most active volcano in the Philippines. Its most vicious eruption ever recorded was on February 1, 1814 when the volcano spitted black ashes continuously until it buried Cagsawa town. It is the most fatal explosion as its casualties rose to 2,200 Albay residents. There are theories that this explosion triggered the eruption in Mount Tambora the following year which led to the “Year Without Summer” of 1816.
    As for the longest eruption without any interruption the Mayon volcano spitted fire for seven days starting on June 23, 1897. It erupted eastward so that Bacacay Village was buried 49ft under the lava. This eruption took 100 lives in Libon and another 400 from the other surrounding villages.
    Fortunately in the 1984 eruption an estimated number of more than 70,000 people were evacuated from danger zones before the volcano erupted. There were low casualties also in the 1993 eruption compared to past eruptions as only 77 were killed most of which were farmers.
    It was the same with the 2006 eruption which has no record of any loss of life. It is reported though that the said eruption was now weaker than the past. But some scientists still believe that the rumblings and activities that Mount Mayon is going through constantly from 2006 to 2011 are all part of a possibly more destructive eruption somewhere in the future.
    Legends were offered by the people in an attempt to provide answers to the mysterious origin of Mayon. According to them there used to be a princess who had a very possessive uncle named Magayon. Men were so afraid to court the girl because of her uncle. One day a warrior got so obsessed with the princess. He was so much in love that he convinced her to go with him to a faraway place. With Magayon in pursuit the princess and the warrior prayed for help from the gods. Suddenly there came a landslide which buried Magayon alive. Local folks believe that it is Magayon's anger which bursts out from the Mount's cone.

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    The City of Cagayan de Oro is also the capital of Misamis Oriental. It is also the regional center of Northern Mindanao. Tourists and travelers from time to time flock the city. Because of this, it is titled as the city of golden friendship. Ironically, before the peace, it went through a tiresome war that made its mark in the history of the Philippines.     For 276 years the Spanish Colonizers dominated the Philippines. But on the 10th of December 1898 the Treaty of Paris was signed by the United States and Spain in Paris. In the treaty it was agreed that the country would handed over to the Americans in return for a payment. The amount paid to Spain by the Americans was 120,000,0000 dollars. In other words, Philippines was bought by the United States from Spain.     In Cagayan de Oro, the Americans’ arrival was much received with restiveness and hostility by the Kagay-anons. They did not agree to the occupation of the US. And so a revolutionary group called “ Tercios Revolucionarios” was created and organized by the people of Cagayan. Its main leaders were people who are prominent even in today’s times. These people included known names in Cagayan de Oro such as Apolinar Velez, Nicanor Capistrano, Roa Y. Racines, Tirso Neri, and Cayetano Pacana.     The prominent leaders of this organization purposefully trained and prepared the Kagay-anons mentally and physically. Their main goal was to resist and push back the Americans from entering their town. But there was a setback to their plans as they have realized. Their men had only bolos and some rifles as weapons to fight the Americans. But nevertheless, these were the men who fought in the famous April 7, 1900 battle and that of Macahambus.     The invasion of Cagayan de Oro by the Americans came on 31 March 1900. They first bombarded the town and burned the flag of Macabalan. The fighters of the Tercios Revolucionarios were already prepared and trained even before the invasion came. But they waited until April 7 to attack the Americans. Their army was headed by General Nicolas Capistrano. Originally, they were camped at Gagno plateau at Bukidnon which is located 9km from Cagayan.      The ringing of San Agustin Church’s bell was the go signal for them to attack the Americans when they arrived. The Revolucionarios attacked in a systematized wave. The first wave were men with bolos only as weapons. Then next to them were the riflemen. They were then followed by cavalrymen. Their main plan was to make a sneak attack on the American soldiers. But because some of the macheteros(men with bolos) shouted battle cries, their plan was foiled.     The Americans were quick to react to the battle cries of the natives carrying bolos and so there raged a battle between the well-armed Americans and the Revolucionarios. When Gen. Capistrano realized impending defeat, he ordered for a retreat. The most intense fighting happened in the town’s plaza, which is now called the Gaston Park. But the Kagay-anons stood no chance against the Americans. After an hour they were defeated and the remnants of the Revolucionarios were chased away from the city.     Even with so little hope of winning, the Revolucionarios fought with much valiance. But still they were defeated. When peace returned to Cagayan de Oro, Tirso Neri became its first Mayor. There he ordered the opening of Divisoria.
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Are you ready for the latest trend in the world of plastic surgery? Gone are the days when female celebrities and even common people rooted for Angelina Jolie’s pouty lips. A full and a duck shape lips is no longer what people would like to have right now. Well, what do people expect? A trend is something that changes over time. People gone tired of having the same appearance and now another beauty trend has been launched to the public.      The exact opposite of that pouty and kissable lips comes in which is termed as the lip reduction surgery. This is basically something which people were not ready prepared of. When having a pouty lip became a trend, lots of women complained because only few were gifted to have natural pouty lips. However with this new plastic surgery procedure, it is something beyond the normal size of thin lips.      The goal of this procedure is to create a new lip line by removing or reducing the size of the upper lip so you can have thinner and pouty lips as well. It’s like having a thin body with curves, the new statement of sexy. Sounds painful right? It is indeed painful and patients are even put into local anesthesia in order for them to bear the pain. Although the procedure only takes like 15mins to 30mins to finish, patients are advised to be under a soft diet plan for about a week or so or until the lips are free from swelling. Since it is a surgery, expect to witness sutures which could actually resemble to serial killers’ lips in movies or like the famous Frankenstein. Sutures either dissolved naturally or can be removed manually.      If you are planning to have this lip-reduction surgery you better prepare not only your lips but your pockets as well. Unlike the augmentation process or the ones to achieve fuller lips which are usually done with the help of injectable fillers, lip-reduction surgery is really expensive.  Reduction is now more expensive than augmentation, see the trend? So you better think twice or even thrice before you decide to have this procedure.      In no time several clinics specializing in plastic surgery will offer this in the Philippines, people are then advised to please consult licensed and certified cosmetic surgeons to keep you safe from the possible risk of undergoing a surgical procedure which may put your life in a great risk.   
    A new discovery has shocked the public when it has been revealed that obesity can actually be caused by a certain virus. This virus is  Adenovirus-36 which is actually the cause of common colds. It can be transferred through sneezing. So how did it became a culprit for obesity? According to studies conducted, subjects infected with this virus gained almost 60% of body fat which is absolutely unusual.     Obesity has been one of the greatest struggles of the modern generation. Despite the risk and negative effects of obesity, its number is still rapidly growing even up to this moment. It is also depressing to note that the age of those having obesity keeps on getting younger and younger each year.      As history and science stated, obesity is a result of unhealthy lifestyle. It can be passed through generations making it a hereditary type of illness. It has even created a stigma especially in the society of how obesity can actually make you feel rejected and unloved. Most of the people with this kind of problem would complain that they never really wanted to become what they are. Yet it sounds really difficult to accept since people were used to think that obesity is the product of eating too much amount of food.     This notion could be rejected in no time after scientist have discovered that lifestyle and genetics could not only be the culprit behind this illness. In a study entitled it has been discussed that obesity can actually be caused by a strand of virus. If this is true, then obesity can be transferred or contagious disease. This is the main reason why people almost panicked after reading this new statement. However it has also sparked the scientist to study more and perhaps discover a definite cure for this illness. If this happens, several lives can be helped and possibly obesity may no longer be a great crisis for the entire mankind.     On the other hand, opponents of this study, strongly questioned the possibility of blaming the cause of obesity to virus. According to them, viruses have incubation periods and that it is impossible to trigger obesity. Obesity being contagious is also very impossible to believe since according to them, obesity is acquired through time rather than a quick exposure to someone and then develop it later on.      Debates are still continuing as researchers and scientists are trying to reveal the causes of obesity and finding ways or treatments on how to actually put an end to this illness.   

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