The Philippine National Flag

    The Philippine National Flag is horizontal in shape. It has a bicolor of the blue at the top and scarlet red at the bottom. On its hoist is a white triangle which is equilateral too. This triangle has a golden yellow sun consisting of eight rays. Each of the rays represents the provinces of the country which started the 1896 Revolution of the Philippines against Spain. The triangle also has three golden stars with five points representing the 3 main islands of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. War is indicated when the flag is displayed with the blue side at the bottom and the red on top.
    The construction of the flag follows rules in terms of its measurements. The stars on the other hand should be oriented in such a way that its tips would be pointing to the vertex where it is located. Also, the gap-angle between the 8rays should be equivalent to the angle one ray angle. Finally, the sun should not be placed at the exact center but should be shifted a little to the right of the triangle.
    Meanwhile, every part of the Philippine National Flag is a symbol which represents meaning to the country. The rectangular design and equilateral triangle represents equality and fraternity. The blue stripe on top symbolizes peace, truth and justice. And red stripe then represents patriotism and valor. The eight rays of the sun symbolize the provinces which sparked the 1896 revolution. These are namely the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bulacan, Cavite and Manila. 
    However, the 1898 Proclamation Philippine Independence gave a symbolism of the flag which differed from the current one. At that time for example, the white triangle represented the crest of the Katipunan, a secret society opposing the Spaniards. The colors of the flag too represented another meaning signifying the commemoration of the American flag as a sign of gratitude for their protection of the Filipinos against the Spaniards in the Philippine Revolution. 
    The first National flag of the Philippines was sewn by Marcela Marino de Agoncillo. She was assisted by the niece of Jose Rizal Delfina Herbosa de Natividad and Marcela’s daughter Lorenza. This flag was officially displayed for war in May 28, 1898. On June 12, 1898 the flag was formally raised in Kawit, Cavite as the proclamation of independence was declared. 
    The flag’s design had gone through a phase of change. Originally, the sun on the flag had a mythical effect to it by having a face. It was a common symbol to Spanish colonies. There have also been controversies about the color of the flag because some historians argue that it was the same shade used in the flag of Cuba. It is also true that at some degrees the Cuba revolution against Spain helped shape the Philippine Revolution. The current and modern design of the flag came from the President Emilio Aguinaldo. He conceptualized the idea while he was in Hong Kong on 1897 in exile.

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Saturday, September 10, 2016 - 10:27:39 PM
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    A new discovery has shocked the public when it has been revealed that obesity can actually be caused by a certain virus. This virus is  Adenovirus-36 which is actually the cause of common colds. It can be transferred through sneezing. So how did it became a culprit for obesity? According to studies conducted, subjects infected with this virus gained almost 60% of body fat which is absolutely unusual.     Obesity has been one of the greatest struggles of the modern generation. Despite the risk and negative effects of obesity, its number is still rapidly growing even up to this moment. It is also depressing to note that the age of those having obesity keeps on getting younger and younger each year.      As history and science stated, obesity is a result of unhealthy lifestyle. It can be passed through generations making it a hereditary type of illness. It has even created a stigma especially in the society of how obesity can actually make you feel rejected and unloved. Most of the people with this kind of problem would complain that they never really wanted to become what they are. Yet it sounds really difficult to accept since people were used to think that obesity is the product of eating too much amount of food.     This notion could be rejected in no time after scientist have discovered that lifestyle and genetics could not only be the culprit behind this illness. In a study entitled it has been discussed that obesity can actually be caused by a strand of virus. If this is true, then obesity can be transferred or contagious disease. This is the main reason why people almost panicked after reading this new statement. However it has also sparked the scientist to study more and perhaps discover a definite cure for this illness. If this happens, several lives can be helped and possibly obesity may no longer be a great crisis for the entire mankind.     On the other hand, opponents of this study, strongly questioned the possibility of blaming the cause of obesity to virus. According to them, viruses have incubation periods and that it is impossible to trigger obesity. Obesity being contagious is also very impossible to believe since according to them, obesity is acquired through time rather than a quick exposure to someone and then develop it later on.      Debates are still continuing as researchers and scientists are trying to reveal the causes of obesity and finding ways or treatments on how to actually put an end to this illness.   
    The idea of using power banks has created a major excitement for all users of mobile devices. The release of power banks in the market was indeed a hit, no wonder several counterfeits or fake power banks were also released. Those who are making cheap and fake power banks saw the opportunity when people were truly satisfied and convinced with the use of power banks. But is it really safe to use such products?     Fake and unbranded power banks are usually seen being sold in online shops through Facebook, Instagram and other social media sites. It is because most of the people nowadays spend much of their time browsing these sites and chances of getting their attention is really high. The fake power banks even come in very cute and unique designs. Some were even designed like famous characters such as Hello Kitty, Baymax, The Minions and so much more. With a low price and a very cute design, how can someone resist not to buy? However you should never get fooled with the cuteness of these items because it can potentially destroy your device rather than extend its battery life.      So how can it actually destroy your device when it is intended to recharge your batteries? These products were made from substandard materials. Thus, its quality and performance is questionable. Since these products did not undergo a quality control procedure, there is no assurance that it will perfectly work. It might work on the first few times you use it but it can potentially damage your batteries, worse it can even trigger your batteries to overheat and explode. The cheap ones also come with cheap printed circuit board (PCB) which does not give any guarantee that the device will work properly.      Regular and branded power banks are definitely costly and not everyone can afford it, but with a much lower price people often disregard the price and would still eventually go after the substandard ones without thinking that this can actually damage their devices and end up spending more money for repair. Some are attracted because of the cute design and packaging because the regular ones usually come in boring styles, its either square or rectangle only. However the reason why the branded ones appear to be boring in terms of design because the manufacturers are maximizing the most efficient design that can hold all the essential pieces altogether.    
    The word Durian came from an Indonesian word duri which means “thorn”. It is a fruit which belongs to a certain species of a tree called the genus Durio. It is well known in Southeast Asia with the nickname of “the fruit king”. The fruit is noticeable for its bulky size, hard and large thorns covered with husk, and its famous Durian odor. Some Durians are oblong in size but others are round. The husk’s color varies from brown to green. The color of its flesh also vary depending on its species: some are yellow while others are red. The odors emanating from the fruit comes from its flesh which is edible. It is so strong that even when the husk is intact the odor comes out of it. And although some would find it pleasant and fragrant, most people react negatively to it. Because of that the fruit has been banned in some hotels or public transportations in Asia.     The Durian can be eaten in numerous ways, in different stages of its ripeness and is used as an addition to flavors on all kinds of sweets and savory in Asian foods. The seeds have also been found to be edible when it is cooked. The Durian has 30 different species from the genus Durio. But out of the thirty only nine species are considered edible.  Only one of the 9 species called the Durio zibethinus are available in the international market. The other 8 are sold locally in the regions where they are grown.     The trees of the King of the Fruits grow up to fifty metres. It has oblong evergreen leaves and flowers which are clustered in the branches. The usual durian tree takes about 4 to 5 years before it can produce fruits. The fruits then, after pollination takes up to 3 months before it matures.     Durian has been known in southern Asia even in the prehistoric times. But in the western world, the fruit has only been introduced 600 years ago. In the 15th century Europian by the name of Niccolo Da Conti travelled and came to southeast Asia where he discovered the fruit.     The fruit has wide variety of uses in different cuisines from all over Asia. Over the years it has been used to add flavor to ice kakangs, Malay candies, dodols (sweets from Mindanao), biscuits, ice creams and mooncakes. It was also used in cappuccinos. Its flesh can also be dried to make durian chips.     Aside from its edible contributions to food, the Durian also has medicinal and nutritional aids to the society. It has been discovered that the fruit is high in sugar, potassium, Vitamin C, fats, proteins and carbohydrates. The juice extracted from its leaves has also been used as ointments to the head of patients with fevers. The roots can also be boiled in water and drink to stop fevers. It can also be used as poultice, a soft mass applied to irritated or inflamed skin.     The Durian was called as the King of the Fruits because of its tough image and thorns and its overwhelming odor.
    If there’s one thing everyone can agree on, it’s the desire to never get sunburn: Your skin becomes red, hot and painful to the touch; plus there’s that icky peel a few days after. Summer is coming… And with it comes the need to be extra prepared. People tend to give so much attention buying that right swimsuit, exercising for that perfect abs, getting rid of some extra flabs, but when it comes to skin care, they just buy anything that has SPF15 on it and slather it all on their faces and skin. Sorry to break it to you, honey, but what’s the point of having rock-hard abs if you don’t know how long you can stay out in the sun before getting toast?       Different types of skin have different ways of care. To know your skin type, we recommend the Fitzpatrick Scale, which is a skin classification system, made by Thomas Fitzpatrick in 1988. Despite it being almost 30 years old, this system is still being used by dermatologists all around. Get your pen and paper ready! Before you hit the beach, save time and money, not to mention your health, by using this easy guide:       Now before I give you some tips in skin care, let’s take note of two very important things to consider:     SPF – means Sun Protection Factor; this indicates how long a sun screen product can protect your skin from ultraviolet rays.     UPV – means Ultraviolet Protection Factor; this indicates how much ultraviolet radiation your clothes’ fabric can absorb. TIPS ON HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR SKIN: 1.    Type I (0-6pts) or “Ivory” This skin type will always burn and never be able to tan in the sun. Without protection, you can only stay out for 5-10 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF 30+ and clothes with UPF 30+, you can stay out for 1-3 hours. 2.    Type II (7-12 pts) or “Beige” This skin type will almost always burn and rarely get a tan in the sun. Without any protection, you can only stay out for 10-20 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF 30+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 3-6 hours. 3.    Type III (13-18 pts) or “Light Brown” This skin type will sometimes burn and tan eventually in the sun. Without any protection, you can only stay out for 10-20 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF 15+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 3-6 hours. 4.    Type IV (19-24 pts) or “Medium Brown” This skin type will lightly burn and always tan well in the sun. Without any protection, you can only stay out for 20-30 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF of 15+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 3-6 hours. 5.    Type V (25-30 pts) or “Dark Brown” This skin type will rarely burn and easily tans in the sun. Without protection, you can only stay out for 40 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF of 15+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 6-10 hours. 6.    Type VI (31+ pts) or “Very Dark Brown” This skin type will never burn but can become deeply pigmented if exposed too much. Without protection, you can only stay out for 60-90 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF of 15+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 20-30 hours.
    It is highly flattering when a different culture and nation appreciate your own. It is exactly what happened when a known Japanese artist created an artwork of the current President of the Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte together with his the PNP Chief Ronald “Bato” De la Rosa. It is already a public knowledge that there are some people who are not actually very supportive of the President’s campaign against illegal drugs. And there are also some who are very much eager to pin down the president and his cabinet members.     The diverse reaction of the Filipino people towards their President is actually normal. There will always be supporters and there some who will greatly oppose. However, what is unusual is when a different country or nation comes in and appreciate the leadership and governance of the president. As a form of gratitude and appreciation an artwork made by has been given to the president and Chief Dela Rosa.      The artwork shows a scene when President Duterte awarded Chief Dela Rosa as the new PNP chief.  Several people became really produ of what the artist did. After a long time, someone who is even from a different culture appreciated the efforts of the President. This act according to most Filipinos, made them once again proud that they are Filipinos and that they have people like Duterte and Dela rosa.     It is just difficult to understand that how come a foreign figure managed to appreciate the efforts of the president yet its people turned a blind eye on his achievements and aspirations of giving the Philippines a chance to prosper again, all for the benefit of the Filipino people and the next generations. Regardless of the campaign launched against the President people even from different countries have shown their support and their amazement of his governance and strong law enforcement.     It is indeed the time that Filipinos should be very proud of having a leader like him, a leader like no other. He has shown his great love and concern for the Filipino nation. It took the Philippines years before someone has finally brought great change to the country. According to surveys the Filipinos have high hopes that the current administration will be able to help deliver the nation to become prosperous. It is also evident in the lesser number of crime rates being recorded as a result of his campaign against illegal drugs. Truly, President Rodrigo Duterte is a blessing from above. People are praying for him to have longer life in order to serve and care for the Filipino people for more years to come.     

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    Of all the popular places in the world, Japan seemed to hold the reputation of having bizarre things or practices that you could never imagine such as the proliferation of their porn industry. Unlike in the Philippines, pornography is actually punishable by law and has corresponding penalties. It has been strongly condemned not only by the government but as well as the society.     However, although Japan has been known for its strict adherence to its culture and tradition it seems ironic that they allow or they help in regulation of pornography within their people. Pornography is even considered as a legit and feasible business in Japan.      If you might be wondering how it became that way, it’s all because Japan is actually preserving its culture and they embraced the fact that pornography already existed together with their history. Just like ancient civilizations, pornography were already evident on their writings and drawings. By continuing the practice they were able to have in the form of comics or manga. Later on an anime or Hentai has been made to proliferate pornography and finally short video clips were created.     Although it seems legal in Japan, there are actually rules and provisions that the porn industries are currently following such as the censorship of the actor and actresses genitals. It is not limited to live action but as well as in anime and manga. 
    Nowadays people communicate more often with the use of apps such as skype, wechat, watsapp and the most popular one which is viber. However several cases were already reported wherein the privacy and security of the users were jeopardized. It won’t really happen actually if you personally know the person you ware chatting to, however taking chances to connect with strangers has taken its toll when using these apps.      However did you know that you can actually chat with a complete stranger without compromising your security and personal details? Most of the time the exchange of photos can be used to extort or even blackmail someone. It would be safer not to send or share your pictures but how would you know that you are indeed talking to the real person behind a profile you just saw in another app?      When people want to talk about private stuff but are actually hesitant to risk their security a few tips from Viber in sharing photos might just help. You can actually set a timer to your photos, once it has been seen it will automatically disappear. For that your chat mate could never say that he or she wasn’t able to view it.      The steps are so easy that you will be surprised. Step 1.Instead of attaching your photo using viber, open your gallery and select a picture that you would want to send. Step 2. Click on the share button and select Viber from the options. Step 3. You will be shown a preview of the photo that you would want to share, before hitting the “send” button, notice that there’s a clock icon below. Tap the icon and you will be given options as to how long would you want your image to be viewed. 10 seconds is the longest, pick your choice and hit send. If you notice the photo you shared became blurred then it’s a confirmation that you made the right steps. When the person tried to open or view it, it will disappear and it won’t even be saved on their devices.
    Nature is indeed full of wonders and humans have not really explored it totally. There are still things that are seemingly odd in nature and there are also some that are quite deceiving. Take for example this Emerald Green Cat that was discovered in a small town in Bulgaria.      The town people and even people from far cities are quite familiar with this seemingly odd creature because of its color. The cat has been spotted walking around the city, it gives the town people the impression that it is a stray and it only gets its food by roaming around the place.      Due to its distinct color and possible breakthrough in the feline world, people from far countries travelled to Bulgaria just to take a closer peek and even take some pictures of it. However, this cat’s stardom started to fade when rainstorms came. Its bright emerald green color slowly faded away when rain started to fall.      It has been found out that the cat got its color from a barrel of paint where it sleeps. Although paints contain toxins that are eventually not good for the health, the cat was actually in good shape all throughout its stardom. With its color fading away, its popularity indeed started to slow down, however its quite noticeable she enjoyed her moment and made the most of it by gaining extra pounds.     
    In the midst of a severe flood happening in Guangxi Zhuang an Autonomous Region in China, a seemingly smiling pig was rescued along with other animals. Netizens were quick to spot the candidness of the pig’s smile while being saved from the flood. The pig seemed calmed and happy that it was rescued and even smiled wonderfully despite being held on its forelegs and ears.      As a usual response by netizens, its picture have been shared a hundred times and made quick rounds in social media all over the world. People were cheering of how this creature just made their days and made them smile right after seeing its picture.     However this pig’s instant stardom was shown not only through likes and shares of her original photo but people did hilarious Photoshop skills to savor the moment. The following are just one of the few photos that instantly became people’s favorite.       
    With today’s trend where direct, private, and instant messages are of great help to people, consumers must be aware in choosing mobile apps especially if it has something to do with your personal info’s such as your contact list where clients, bank accounts and other important stuff are being saved.     Most of the time, mobile apps are being installed because of its popularity. When a wide audience seemed to use it even for just a short time, you should expect for others to try it too without really verifying its security measures.  SARAHAH Honesty App is supposedly an app that can be used in giving feedbacks anonymously. Seems like people nowadays are drawn into intriguing stuff more than ever. However accordingly the app works in such a way that the person who has been rated or given feedback has no way of tracing or replying to it. The creator of the app tend to give its users the chance to leave positive comments or feedbacks as an act of kindness while keeping their identity unknown.      However the entire community has been totally shocked (shookt) when it has been revealed that this app is actually unknowingly stealing your personal details such as your contact list. Aside from stealing, they make use of it by uploading it to their data base and who knows what they could do about it.      Once you installed this app, it will only take them a while to steal your info. Logging out from the app can't make any difference at all. The best thing to do is to never ever install it and be more cautious in choosing an app.