The Philippine National Flag

    The Philippine National Flag is horizontal in shape. It has a bicolor of the blue at the top and scarlet red at the bottom. On its hoist is a white triangle which is equilateral too. This triangle has a golden yellow sun consisting of eight rays. Each of the rays represents the provinces of the country which started the 1896 Revolution of the Philippines against Spain. The triangle also has three golden stars with five points representing the 3 main islands of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. War is indicated when the flag is displayed with the blue side at the bottom and the red on top.
    The construction of the flag follows rules in terms of its measurements. The stars on the other hand should be oriented in such a way that its tips would be pointing to the vertex where it is located. Also, the gap-angle between the 8rays should be equivalent to the angle one ray angle. Finally, the sun should not be placed at the exact center but should be shifted a little to the right of the triangle.
    Meanwhile, every part of the Philippine National Flag is a symbol which represents meaning to the country. The rectangular design and equilateral triangle represents equality and fraternity. The blue stripe on top symbolizes peace, truth and justice. And red stripe then represents patriotism and valor. The eight rays of the sun symbolize the provinces which sparked the 1896 revolution. These are namely the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bulacan, Cavite and Manila. 
    However, the 1898 Proclamation Philippine Independence gave a symbolism of the flag which differed from the current one. At that time for example, the white triangle represented the crest of the Katipunan, a secret society opposing the Spaniards. The colors of the flag too represented another meaning signifying the commemoration of the American flag as a sign of gratitude for their protection of the Filipinos against the Spaniards in the Philippine Revolution. 
    The first National flag of the Philippines was sewn by Marcela Marino de Agoncillo. She was assisted by the niece of Jose Rizal Delfina Herbosa de Natividad and Marcela’s daughter Lorenza. This flag was officially displayed for war in May 28, 1898. On June 12, 1898 the flag was formally raised in Kawit, Cavite as the proclamation of independence was declared. 
    The flag’s design had gone through a phase of change. Originally, the sun on the flag had a mythical effect to it by having a face. It was a common symbol to Spanish colonies. There have also been controversies about the color of the flag because some historians argue that it was the same shade used in the flag of Cuba. It is also true that at some degrees the Cuba revolution against Spain helped shape the Philippine Revolution. The current and modern design of the flag came from the President Emilio Aguinaldo. He conceptualized the idea while he was in Hong Kong on 1897 in exile.

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    The Tubbataha name originates from a Samal word which means “a large reef bare to the low tides”. Because of their nomadic lifestyle the Samal people of the sea frequently visited the large reef and would live there temporarily.      The Tubbataha Reef of the Sulu Sea in the Philippines is an atoll reef which means that it is a coral island with a lagoon in the middle of its body. Located 180km southeast from Puerto Princesa, a trip to the coral island is a 12-hour long ride by a boat.  The reef has two main parts. The smaller of the two coral islands is located in the southern part having 5kilometers in length and 3kilometers wide. The larger one or also called the North Atoll has a length of 2kilometers and is 5kilometers in width. So far, there has been no permanent inhabitant living in the area. Fishermen only come and build shelters in the area by seasons. Tourists and divers would also visit the reef due to the fact that it has gained the reputation of being the best site for diving in the Philippines.The coral reef is popular for its walls that immediately ends and gives way to great depths. Divers find it wonderful to dive in from them. Various colonies of fish also dwell on the wonder of these walls.  Parrotfish, hammerhead sharks, manta rays, napoleon wrasse and barracudas are some of which have been reported to be living in it. There are also some reports of whale and tiger sharks seen in the corals. The Tubbataha has over a thousand species many of which are endangered inhabiting its reef. Some of which are the lionfish, clownfish and hawksbill sea turtles. Its ecosystem is so diverse that it has been said to rival that of the marine life found the Great Barrier Reef. Recent researches show that it has an estimate of about 400 to 600 coral and fish species.     The Tubbataha Reef of Palawan is now called the Tubbataha National Marine Park. What makes it remarkable is its enormous size. In the year 1988 of August it was established as having an area of 82thousand acres. Later in 2006, its boundary was further increased by executive order to 200% by then president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. At present the PCSD (Palawan Council for Sustainable Development and DENR (Department of Environment and Natural Resources) is responsible for its technical supervision.     The Tubbataha Seasons are those months when the waves are considered to be more safe and calm. It is also the season when divers and tourists visit the spot in large numbers. Travelers would fill the area especially during the Easter and the Golden Week of the Asian holidays. It has been advised that visitors would do well to book trips right after or somewhere in the middle of April as strong waves are still present during those days which may cause troubles for diving excursions and visibility in underwater.
    Water: The one element planet Earth has that sets it apart from all the other planets in our system. This is also the reason why only our planet is able to sustain life, its surface covered with 71 percent water. The human body itself is roughly made up of 60% water; essentially more than half of our being is H2O, which is why it is so vital for us to keep hydrated. A person can survive up to a proverbial 40 days without food, but would be a goner in a week’s time without water.      The question is how much water is enough on a daily basis? Most people have grown up using the 8x8 rule, or in layman’s term, drinking eight (ounce) glasses of water per day, which would be half a gallon or about 2 liters. The funny thing is there’s not much evidence to back this myth up except it’s just easy to remember. In reality, you have to note that the actual amount depends on a lot of factors like age, weight, gender, how physically active you are, the weather, etc.     Studies have shown that the average adult male will need 3.7 liters of fluids per day, while females need 2.7 liters. Children and teens would be: 1 liter (5 glasses) for 5-8 year olds, 1.5 liters (7 glasses) for 9-12 year olds, and 2 liters (8 to 10 glasses) for 13+ years.      Another good question to ask is how can you tell if you’re drinking enough water? Simple: check your urine. If you’re not drinking enough, your urine will look yellowish or have an orange color. The best indication is when it has a clear or pale yellow color. Soft bowel movements are a good sign too.     Note that you don’t really have to wait feeling thirsty to drink. Your body is constantly using up water and thirst is your body’s way of telling you that you’re becoming dehydrated. The good thing is all forms of fluid you take in counts. This includes milk, juice, tea, and even coffee, though water is still the best. Fruits and vegetables are a great source too. That said, don’t drink while you’re taking a meal or munching on snacks. It can be tempting but doing so may cause bloating and indigestion, as the water will counteract with the digesting enzymes your body is producing. The best time to drink would be 15-30 minutes prior or after a meal.     No matter how busy you get, don’t ever forget to refill, no matter what the means. Keep a water bottle handy to remind you. Never underestimate a simple glass of water to charge up for the whole day. A healthier you is a better you.  
     A woman’s hair is her crowning glory. With the right do, it would greatly amplify one’s beauty and aura. Women in the past centuries would take hours and hours to prepare their hair for just a simple event, not just once, but every time. Yet in this modern age comes the invention of hair rebonding: a one-time-big-time offer that will save endless hours of preparation. In just a few hours, you’ll get instant straight, silky smooth, almost impossible-to-ruffle hair. Note that this look could actually last all year long if taken care properly.     But the question is, is it worth it in the long run? Is hair this good just too good to be true? Won’t there be any repercussions and consequences? Here you’ll read why rebonding your hair will do you more harm than good, despite how tempting it looks: 1.    Dry Hair  This is by far the biggest and most common side effect of rebonding your hair. Your hair will lose its natural capability to retain moisture, thus, making it dull and frizzy as time goes by. Also, with dry hair comes split ends.   2.    Hair Loss / Hair Fall To put it bluntly, rebonding your hair is literally soaking your hair in high quantities of chemicals and then heating it to sheer straight obedience. Thus, your hair loses strength and is now almost irreversibly weak and will break away easily.  3.    Baldness With weak hair, you may end up getting bald through hair loss. In some cases, if the treatment goes awry and isn’t done properly, your hair and scalp could get burnt and/or leave you with patchy bald spots. 4.    You Can’t Have Any Other Hair Style Depending on the type of treatment, some hair rebond are permanent. This means you’ll only get to have one hairstyle for the rest of your life. And if it’s just temporary, it will still take a while to make your hair healthy enough for a new style.     Ever heard of delayed gratification? It means resisting the temptation of an immediate reward and be willing enough to wait for a better one. Easy come, easy go but anything worth having is worth the wait. This would especially apply to our hair. Always aim for healthy hair, not just a good-looking one. Invest in taking care of it and do so naturally. Browse the web and search for a guide that best fits your lifestyle. A simple daily regimen could do wonders. Don’t go for fast and easy. Play it cool to make it last.  
    Although they have more than a hundred in number there are only three islands which have been prepared for tourism. These are namely the Governor Island, Quezon and Children's Island. But even so, one can still explore all the other islands any time. Tourists enjoy the discoveries of marine life and the fun of soft powdery sands. Aside from that, delicious spices and dishes are offered such as Pangasinan's famous shrimp paste (bagoong). The Hundred Islands is located in the Lingayen Gulf of the Philippines. It is found in the province of Alaminos, Pangasinan with an area of 1,844 hectares or 4,560 acres. During low tide the islands have a number of 124. The high tide on the other hand sinks 1 of them. They have shapes that resemble those of mushrooms due to the erosions caused by the ocean waves. They are now called the Hundred Islands National Park and is used and developed for tourists. It is also the first Natural Park established in Southeast Asia.     The islands are said to be about two million years in age. Researchers have found out that the islands are originally corals that extended from a seabed of a sea that existed in ancient times. As centuries passed, the sea-level kept decreasing until these corals were exposed. Now, it is considered to be one of the top wonders of the Philippines receiving thousands of visitors yearly. People can enjoy adventurous activities such as snorkeling and the exploration of caves. Other activities are scuba diving, kayaking and even simple pleasure hopping.     Although they have more than a hundred in number, there are only three islands which have been prepared for tourism. These are namely the Governor Island, Quezon and Children's Island. One can also explore all the other islands any time. Tourists could enjoy the discoveries of marine life and the fun of soft powdery sands. They also offer delicious spices and dishes such as Pangasinan's famous shrimp paste (bagoong).     The three most developed islands are what draws most tourists attention. Quezon Island is known to be very suitable for families and campers. It is famous for having the best beaches, dining and grilling areas. Governor's Island on the other hand is known for the Pinoy Big Brother house built on it which may also be leased per night for PHP 10,000.It is attractive for tourists who are willing to go for an adventure. Finally, Children's Island offers an option for tourists who thrive on a budget watch. It has bahaykubos, bedrooms lighted with kerosene and other simple but comfortable areas. And yet it offers an experience worth having.     Numerous wonders can be found in the Hundred Islands National Park that makes it remarkable. One of them is the Turtle Island which one would pass by from Governor's Island going to Quezon Island. The Turtle Island is famous for its shape. At one side of the island, its shape looks very similar to the shape a turtle with the trees on its tops looking like green shells on a turtle's back. It also has a rock on the front part that resembles the head of a turtle. The Caves on the other hand dazzles tourists who are aware of the theories that scientists have on them. Aside from that every cave has rich myths and legends given to them.     Because of the diversity of luxuries in nature that it offers tourists, the Hundred Islands National Park has marked its rank as one of the seven wonder of the world.  
    Finally you decided to apply for a passport because you want to go on a trip outside the country. Or you would just want to avail of the privilege that the government offers to its people. Nonetheless whatever reasons you got, you need to prepare the following documents for you to surely have your passport. The DFA announced that it takes 20 days for the normal processing of passport documents; meanwhile a person has the option if he or she wants it to be rushed but with additional fee and it will only take 10 days for it to be released. The normal processing requires you to pay P950.00, meanwhile rush job is at P1200.00. If you already booked a plane ticket (which is actually not advisable not unless you have already your passport approved) it is better to choose the rush option.     First things first, you have to set an appointment online if you wish for a hassle-free processing of your application. Visit the DFA website and follow the instructions given. Another tip, as much as possible be consistent in filling the information being asked. All of the information in your online application should match the details in your birth certificate, such as your father’s middle name and your mother’s maiden name. There are instances wherein you know that some of the details in your birth certificate were misspelled or written incorrectly, however you never tried to have it fixed, then you should leave it as it is in filling up your application form.      Below are actually the things or documents that you need to prepare and present during your personal appearance at the DFA office.      •    A lot of people got confused with the requirements because some of the needed supporting documents were not specified at all. These are actually what they meant by SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS:     •    You need to bring any 2 of these SUPPORTING documents during your appearance in the DFA office. (DFA specified to bring at least 1 valid ID, however when I personally tried to apply, they required me to give two (2) government issued ids)     Although it has been stated that you just have to choose any of the two, it is better to be prepared and secure all possible documents in case of any problem in the future.      Lastly, how about the passport size picture? The answer is NO. You actually don’t need to provide a passport size picture because your photo will be taken during your appearance at the DFA office. You might want to wear something with collar because if not, you have to wear something like a top that has a collar on it provided by the DFA office. It is actually the last step of your application. 

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    Although there are no official statements yet from globe telecom about them putting an end to their free Facebook promo on mobile data, people seemed to figure out quickly. When this promo started, people got the chance to enjoy using Facebook without spending anything for it. It is in all honesty free for its users. However who is actually funding this free subscription promo and why are they stopping it all of a sudden?     In 2013, globe launched its free Facebook for mobile data users. This was their best move considering that a growing number of users were already using smartphones rather than desktops or laptops. They wanted to be part of the convenience of having everything on your mobile device. And it was indeed a success because they were able to reach 140% of revenue growth a year after they launched the promo. They have even mentioned that free Facebook under globe telecom will forever stay as long as it gives them stable revenue.     But who is actually funding this promo? According to globe telecom, they are paying for the total cost of the bandwidth consumed by the free Facebook users. Although it may seemed like they are giving it for free, they were convinced that they are still making profit out of it. This could happen since a user will be charged right away once he or she goes out of the app by clicking a certain link.      The number of smartphone users at this moment is still increasing, but why is it that globe decided to retract its free Facebook promo, when more users would mean more growth in their revenue? Although they claimed that they are alone paying for the bandwidth of their users, this seems to be different in other network providers in different countries who decided to team up with the owner of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg. It is actually the owner of Facebook himself who shoulders the cost of the bandwidth in order to provide free access for its users and in return gain more number of users and more profit for his team.      Almost all websites that you can find in the internet rely on advertisers for monetary gain. If you have been fond of watching videos in Facebook you will notice ads being inserted in the middle of some videos, this is actually how Facebook makes money. But with globe’s free Facebook promo, you can barely view a picture and how much more for a video? The only thing that works on free Facebook is its messenger, but unlike the Facebook app, it does not contain ads.   
   Losing weight, especially in this day and age, can be pretty hard. And with millennials today so used to instant-everything, long-term goals like weight-loss can be aggravating to achieve. That's why a lot of people nowadays resort to slimming pills, thinking that it’s the easier and simpler way to weight-loss. Others take them because their doctor prescribed it to them, maybe due to obesity-related health problems, or that they're allergic to certain foods and unable to go on a diet, or maybe even have a heart problem rendering them incapable of doing any exercise regimes. That’s what these pills are intended for. To help people who are physically unable to become healthy weight-wise. But for people who are capable.     I hope you’ll reconsider gobbling up that next pill after you read this. The risks in taking non-prescribed medication could range from uncomfortable to downright dangerous:     1.    Old habits die hard. Striving for long-term goals like weight loss are life-changing and can lead you to good eating habits, well-needed practice of exercise, and in turn, a healthier lifestyle. It’s not easy but it’ll be worth it in the long run. Pills are made for quick-fixes but just that. They’re temporary. They’re not meant to be sustainable and when stopped, you’ll just go back to square one.       2.    You’re just shedding water weight. Not actual fat loss. Notice how when you take diet pills, you tend to go to the bathroom more often? You’re not flushing out fat. It’s just water weight, since most slimming pills are a combination of diuretics and caffeine.     3.    Dehydration Now that I’ve mentioned how these pills only flush out water, the bad thing is, not only will that water weight eventually just return back but you could actually be in danger of dehydration.     4.    You could be at risk of a heart attack. Studies have shown that people taking certain popular diet pills have put themselves at much greater odds for stroke compared to their non-partaking counterparts. You see, most of these drugs’ main ingredients are stimulants (phenylpropanolamine or PPA for one), which can be seen in prescription level drugs.       5.    Mood swings Get ready to swing… mood swing that is. Some pills have been sold as appetite suppressants. These work as stimulant drugs; they help curb your appetite by increasing certain chemicals (like adrenaline) in your brain, the ones that control your desire for food. You’ll feel more easily satiated and are not likely to overeat. Good for people suffering from obesity, but other than that, it’s not such a good idea. The elements affecting your appetite are also responsible for a lot of other things. Tampering with them may cause insomnia, anxiety, irritability, heart rate, etc. hence the mood swings.     6.    You can get addicted. As I’ve mentioned earlier, some pills have stimulants as their core component. Stimulant drugs, like amphetamine, can lead to psychological dependence if abused. Watch out for yourselves or your loved ones taking these; see if they’re becoming obsessive with their weight and taking medication more than they should.     There’s no magic bullet, or in this case, pill, to instant weight loss. Better to just stick with the classics, to what’s proven and tested: some good-old fashioned reduced-calorie high-fiber diet and a carefully planned exercise routine. Sure, it’s not instantaneous, but the journey will be well-worth it.  
    It’s almost next to impossible nowadays to be truly healthy, let alone, lose weight and be healthy at the same time. With fast food joints popping up everywhere, eat-and-run meals sadly seem to be discouraging people to take the time to cook a healthy meal, and also inadvertently encouraging obesity by giving customers the tempting option of upsizing their meals for lesser the price.     Not only that, people are crazy over these fad/crash diets, even if at the expense of their health, so long as they lose weight fast. But fret not! There’s still hope. You can be both healthy and lose weight. The key is really just having a healthy active lifestyle. Here are 4 things to consider if you want to lose weight healthily:     1.    Eat breakfast.  Don’t trick yourself into thinking that skipping the first meal of your day will lessen your overall weight in the long run. It’s not called breakfast for nothing, darlings. It’s not only the first; it’s actually THE most important meal of the day. Why? Because you’re essentially breaking the overnight fast, the time your body was asleep. In doing so, you wake up your body and give it the necessary jolt for the day. Missing breakfast will actually make you hungry throughout the whole day whereas eating properly will minimize those pangs until the day finishes. So don’t be afraid. Also, don’t eat sweets and junk food. Eat healthy. A well balanced breakfast of protein, fiber and good carbs will give your health much wealth.     2.    Don’t do fad or crash diets. photo by yourecards Fad diets are the type of diet where you’re promised to lose weight quickly without any hassle and exercise. They’re usually popular; the reason for this is because a lot of celebrities endorse this kind of diets and could be just a marketing strategy for a company’s new product/s. Some examples of this diet are high-protein diets, liquid diets, grapefruit diets, and others. The thing with fad diets is that it may seem quick and easy but it may actually endanger your health as it can lead you to unhealthy and unbalanced routines.     Crash diets also offer you quick weight loss results in a short amount of time. But unlike fad diets, crash diets are extreme to the point of nutrient deprivation and restriction of particular foods, especially your calorie intake. To point simply, quick weight loss programs, whether fad or crash types, won’t give you long-term results but can lead you to an unwholesome lifestyle. Bear in mind, if a diet seems too good to be true, it usually is.       3.    Drink water first before a meal. Research has shown that drinking water at the right time of the day can greatly maximize its effects on your body? 1-2 glasses of water 30 minutes or an hour before a meal can help you get better digestion and cause your stomach to absorb nutrients better. The added H2O can also make you feel fuller, thus lessening your food intake. Not only that, choosing to drink water, instead of those so-called empty-calorie beverages will be beneficial to your health. Say goodbye to rough and dry skin! Also, did you know drinking water can energize your day? More than drinking those energy drinks, water is still the best and original drink that could help empower your body.     4.    Find the perfect exercise and diet that will match you and your health. Proper exercise and proper food go hand in hand towards the road to healthy weight loss. These are the common mistake that people make: some exercise too much but eat too little. Others want to skip the exercise and just focus on eating right. However, you can’t have one without the other. Also, what works for one person may not be good for another. It’s important to know your limits; finding the right method may take a while. Be committed, experiment with different exercise regimes and diets until you find the one that fits your lifestyle.     Here are some easy hacks to trick your body into eating healthy and still lose a couple of pounds:     a.    Do not lead yourself into temptation but deliver yourself from “evil”. In this case, JUNKFOODS. Don’t stock up food in the fridge that will easily lure into an eating binge.     b.    Use smaller plates OR when you place the food, get only smaller portions. You can easily get a second helping if you want. But most of us only eat and finish what we usually place on our plates the first time.     c.    Have moral support. Having someone encourage you to be a better you would mean a lot.     d.    Get plenty of sleep. Not getting enough sleep will automatically rouse your body to eating more than usual to keep you energized for the day.     e.    Don’t eat because you’re bored! Comfort eating is okay every now and then but watch out that this doesn’t become a habit. Here are some ideas to avoid emotional eating:     •    Get in touch with some friends or family when you need to talk things out. Don’t you dare touch that fridge.     •    Calm down by taking a long soothing bath or doing meditation.     •    Try taking a nap or go on a brisk walk while listening to energizing music.     f.    Eat small portions of healthy food (5 times at least, instead of only the 3 major meals. Try these:     •    Potato chips (yes! These are okay actually)     •    Peanut butter     •    Hard-boiled egg     •    Raisins     •    Tangerines     •    Popcorn     •    Frozen yogurt     •    Fresh avocado     •    Chestnuts     •    Fresh fruit salad
    Safety and security are two of the most important things that you need to put into consideration if you are about to make a decision that requires your identity and personal details. Majority of the people nowadays have social media account. An average person even has two or three social media accounts from different sites or apps. This is now how things are done. People communicate more in social media rather than in person. It is quite convenient because you can stay connected to all of your friends without leaving your place or home.      However this convenience may also risk your own security if you fail to secure your identity and leave your privacy settings in public. It is important that you know how to change and secure your personal details on social media because you might just be a victim of identity theft. Since it’s now very much easy to let people know about yourself and the things you do, others might just take advantage of it without you noticing it. There are individuals who would want to fish on details about yourself such as your complete name.      Although using your complete name in any account that you use, allows your friends to recognize you easier, you are also giving the bad guys the chance to make use of it. By just having your complete name they can create fake accounts and do unlawful business while using your name. These guys will not be held liable on possible crimes that they do because they hide under our name. Although you are truly innocent, still you need to present or submit yourself to authorities. This could be very stressful for anyone and for sure nobody wants to experience such ordeal.      It is indeed flattering to have hundreds of followers but this could only happen if you set your privacy settings into public. By choosing to have a public profile you are putting your identity in a great risk. Does an unknown follower really matter? It is better to have few friends on your list as long as you know all of them and you don’t have to worry about your privacy. The things you share in your social media account are all personal, so why share it to someone you barely know?
    It is very important to lose weight if you think you are already out from the normal body mass index. It should be the primary reason in losing weight rather than for aesthetic purposes. People should be more concern of health rather than the physical appearance because a beautiful body is useless if it’s an unhealthy one. A body can be beautiful and at the same time healthy it should be the goal. These two things should come hand in hand to promote a healthy and a positive lifestyle.      There are hundreds of ways to lose weight. In fact it is one of the most discussed or searched topic in the internet.  One of which is through dieting. Dieting doesn’t mean you have to starve yourself and forget about having meals for the entire day. That is not dieting, that is actually suicide. Dieting means you have to cut off some of the unhealthy foods that you eat so that you can lose weight effectively. You are still allowed to eat but the list is now restricted and it take discipline for it to happen.     Sugar is one of the biggest culprit of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and other types of lifestyle diseases that are now slowly killing people. How can you say no to sugar when it is the sweetest thing on earth, literally and figuratively? Although it may appear really difficult it can actually give you great results.     Did you know that the amount of calories that a single bar of chocolate contains is already equivalent to two cups of rice or a large slice of meat? This is the main reason why you can easily gain weight and become fat if you don’t eliminate sugar from your diet. Although it comes in small sizes, but the calories it contain are much bigger than your usual meal. Aside from this, sugar also impairs the receptors in your body that are responsible in giving signals to your brain that you are already full. This is the reason why you don’t feel satisfied at all after eating several bars of chocolates and you would even want more.     Sugars are not limited to chocolates alone, donuts, cakes, ice creams, soft drinks, and many more are still part of the list. Sugar is a small but terrible compound that has the ability to transform your body into something you wouldn’t really want to be.      If you are not yet convinced, you better watch this video below. This was uploaded by Youtube uploader Health TIPS