The Philippine National Flag

    The Philippine National Flag is horizontal in shape. It has a bicolor of the blue at the top and scarlet red at the bottom. On its hoist is a white triangle which is equilateral too. This triangle has a golden yellow sun consisting of eight rays. Each of the rays represents the provinces of the country which started the 1896 Revolution of the Philippines against Spain. The triangle also has three golden stars with five points representing the 3 main islands of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. War is indicated when the flag is displayed with the blue side at the bottom and the red on top.
    The construction of the flag follows rules in terms of its measurements. The stars on the other hand should be oriented in such a way that its tips would be pointing to the vertex where it is located. Also, the gap-angle between the 8rays should be equivalent to the angle one ray angle. Finally, the sun should not be placed at the exact center but should be shifted a little to the right of the triangle.
    Meanwhile, every part of the Philippine National Flag is a symbol which represents meaning to the country. The rectangular design and equilateral triangle represents equality and fraternity. The blue stripe on top symbolizes peace, truth and justice. And red stripe then represents patriotism and valor. The eight rays of the sun symbolize the provinces which sparked the 1896 revolution. These are namely the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bulacan, Cavite and Manila. 
    However, the 1898 Proclamation Philippine Independence gave a symbolism of the flag which differed from the current one. At that time for example, the white triangle represented the crest of the Katipunan, a secret society opposing the Spaniards. The colors of the flag too represented another meaning signifying the commemoration of the American flag as a sign of gratitude for their protection of the Filipinos against the Spaniards in the Philippine Revolution. 
    The first National flag of the Philippines was sewn by Marcela Marino de Agoncillo. She was assisted by the niece of Jose Rizal Delfina Herbosa de Natividad and Marcela’s daughter Lorenza. This flag was officially displayed for war in May 28, 1898. On June 12, 1898 the flag was formally raised in Kawit, Cavite as the proclamation of independence was declared. 
    The flag’s design had gone through a phase of change. Originally, the sun on the flag had a mythical effect to it by having a face. It was a common symbol to Spanish colonies. There have also been controversies about the color of the flag because some historians argue that it was the same shade used in the flag of Cuba. It is also true that at some degrees the Cuba revolution against Spain helped shape the Philippine Revolution. The current and modern design of the flag came from the President Emilio Aguinaldo. He conceptualized the idea while he was in Hong Kong on 1897 in exile.

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Saturday, September 10, 2016 - 10:27:39 PM
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         Are you one of those individuals who love to collect smartphone cases every now and then? If yes, then you should be updated with the latest design which has been known as the 360degrees smartphone case. By the name itself, it means it gives 360 degrees protection to your phone. All corners and edges are covered by this case. It has the back cover, sides, and lastly even in front. The front comes with the use of tempered glass, so it is like a 3 in 1 case. Aside from that this case is also really thin. If you don’t like adding extra pounds and spaces to your phone, then this one is perfect for you.                 It also comes in different vibrant colors and designs. It has variety of options where you could choose from. This case however doesn’t have any definite brand name. As expected this one is made from China and can be bought in very affordable price, making its consumers collect for different colors and designs. Price range is usually Between P180 to P300.                 Having this kind of cases is actually great if you want to hide those bumps and dents in your phone and you want it to look really nice again. It is as if you got a new phone especially if you choose the matte designs. However since most of these cases were mass produced you have to check it properly and if possible, always try to fit it before buying. By doing so, you will be sure that it properly fits your phone. It is important to take note of this because oftentimes stores selling such cases seldom accept returns especially if you ordered it online. Also the good news is that it is not limited to a specific smartphone brand only. There are available designs for almost all of the latest and existing smartphone models or units.                             It has been very popular in several online stores such as Facebook and Instagram. It is even possible that you may not find this in malls near you and find it online. This actually became the trend since it is easier to market things in social networking sites rather than on physical stores. If you wish to find out where you could actually get this item, all you have to do is search for it in your Facebook search bar or tab and select from the options given to you.
     A few days after the recent launching of Samsung’s Galaxy Note 7, several complaints were already raised against one of the most anticipated smartphones of today’s era. Due to the severity of the issue Samsung decided to replace all sold units of galaxy note 7. It was when the first few customers of the product experienced issues with its battery. It happens to overheat during the charging of device. It actually explodes making it a very hazard one when it comes to safety and security issues. People are now questioning how was it able to pass the quality control standards? To note, this is the first time that Samsung experienced this kind of incident. Is it a sign that Samsung is now lowering its quality to take lead on its number one adversary? Definitely this occurrence stained Samsung’s most valued reputation.     It is such dismay that Samsung wasn’t able to detect this problem before launching it to the public. Aside from the recall for sold items, marketing of Galaxy Note 7 has been stopped for the meantime. People are now confused as to how their devices can be replaced and how long would it take them to wait. As of the moment Galaxy Note 7 has already sold quite a number of units.      According to some tech analysts, Samsung was trying to get ahead of the release of Iphone 7; unfortunately it turned out to be a disaster instead of advancing from its opponent. However several people would still want to wait for the release of the new device provided that all issues shall be resolved before making it available to the public.     With this scenario, one could essentially realize the downside of being too excited and hunching for the release of the latest device. Although it pays off being updated, not to mention showing off its newest features, but how are these people going to deal with their devices? Returning their devices doesn’t mean they can also have their money back. Rather they need to wait for a certain period of time before they can eventually have their paid items back unto their hands.      Several memes surfaced in the internet and although it may seem ridiculous, you will surely get it on point. Will Galaxy Note lovers remain loyal to their adored devices? We will find out in the next few days.   
    If you spend some of your free time scrolling your Facebook newsfeed you have probably came across with different exciting and intriguing make-ups deals that are way cheaper than its normal price. There are lots of make-up enthusiasts that will surely grab this kind of opportunity to hoard their favorite make-up essentials. However isn’t it quite intriguing and quite suspicious how come they are sold way cheaper compared to those sold in malls? If tax and building costs were the sole reason why these products are more affordable you should think twice and do the math.     You should be careful in shopping online, you should not watch out for scammers but as well as counterfeits. Yes, counterfeit make-ups actually exist. If a certain online seller claims that the items they sell are Singapore authentic, you should see this as a red sign. There is no such thing as Singapore Authentic. It goes the same with perfumes and other cosmetic stuff.     The horrible thing about these counterfeits is that, you will never know what chemical did the manufacturers used in creating those products. It can cause serious illness and other health problems. You indeed save a little by choosing the cheap ones, but upon getting sick, you will surely double your expenses for medicines.      According to some statements, such products can actually cause irritation in skin even during first use, especially for those who have sensitive skin. So just imagine using a fake eye shadow? Imagine the damage that it could actually bring to your eyes. It is never wise to support counterfeits products. Some people would just want to make money out of other people’s desire to be beautiful.      If you are really hooked with make-up and you think you can never survive without it, you better change your mind in choosing what products to use. There are indeed cheaper make-ups but are still authentic. Normally, the prices for these items are like 20% - 30% cheaper compared to those sold in malls. However counterfeits are like 80% -90% cheaper, so by this you should be alarmed already.
In just a short period of time, the devastated launching of the most anticipated smartphone device has finally reached its end. Samsung on October 12, finally issued statement declaring the death of galaxy note 7. The galaxy note 7 faced tons of complaints all over the world because of its tendency to explode. It has caused major threat to the safety of the people. As a result, a remarkable drop in sales has been noted for this device. In the interest of Samsung to preserve its customers, they tried to recall all galaxy note 7 that were sold to the public. Some of the remedy that they offered was to issue refund particularly for those customers who already lost interest in waiting for the galaxy note 7 to be back. However, just a few days after the first few recalls were issued, another incident involving the device took place. A man using his galaxy note 7 begun to notice that his device was slowly emitting a smoke and it started to overheat. In happened inside a Southwest Aircraft, thus the airline company was forced to return to the airport because of the incident. In previous statements, galaxy note 7 tend to overheat and explode upon charging, that it why all airline companies prohibit their passengers to charge their devices inside the aircraft using power banks and the likes. However with the latest case, the man wasn’t actually charging his device. He was just using it like the usual, yet it started to produce smoke inside the aircraft. Although, Samsung did not issued formal statement regarding the matter, they have promised to check on it and do the best that they can in solving such disastrous happenings. Barely three days after the aircraft incident, Samsung has finally broke its silence by issuing a statement declaring the death of Samsung galaxy note 7. It is indeed a major disaster for the company to declare such thing however according to them it was the best thing that they can do to ensure the safety of the people. It is absolutely a major loss for them but they would like to assure the public that the safety of their consumers is much more important than their sales. They on the other hand, assured the public that the note series will still continue and that it is going to be better than ever, but as of now the galaxy note 7 is signing off.  
    The Baclayon Church is considered to be one of the oldest churches in the Philippines. It is also one of the most preserved Jesuit churches in the country. It stands today with the same materials that it was made of since the beginning except for a few additions of modern façade and stone buildings. Square blocks cut from coral stones make up most of the figure of the church. The native laborers carried them from the sea using bamboo. They then used this bamboo to carry the corals and piled it on top of each other. They also used egg whites as cement to hold the blocks together.     Spanish priests Juan de Torres and Gabriel Sanchez first came into Baclayon in 1595 from Cebu City. Their people erected a visita immediately after their arrival. This is because the priests realized that there was no decent place to celebrate the Mass. The church in the beginning of its construction was made from bamboo. But because of their Moro enemies, the building has to be stopped. They moved their headquarters to Loboc and the construction of the church was commenced only in 1717. The building of the church was then completed in 1727. In 1835 the large bell was installed in the building.     Inside the church are green gilded altars. During the 18th century their versions of Baroque were very popular. The interior of the church also displays a retablo. This retablo shows the images of the saints of Recollect devotion. But still it is traced back to the Jesuits because the motto “ Ad majorem Dei gloriam” is surmounted in the main altar. The builders of the church also carved two benches in the nave on low relief. Also, the painting of Ascension could be found in that nave along with that of Church Fathers and San Vicente Ferrer.      The church is filled with valuable relics from the 19th century. A pipe organ which is now in bad shape still remains to be seen inside. Even the designs of the choir and organ loft are cut with decorations of the past. The stucco finish painting though of the church contrasts the style of the interior. The church also has a jail behind it where people were punished for violating the Catholic rules.      Outside and near the church is an old convent. It has a small museum inside it which contains antiques that date back to the 16th century. These collections include important figures such as the ivory statue of Christ, the statue of Blessed Virgin, relics of St. Ignatius and paintings by the Filipino painter Gatchalian.     The trend of churches containing museums that kept lots of important relics to the Christian faith started in Baclayon. It has been declared as National Historic Treasure because of its superb preservation making it the second oldest church in the Philippines. Aside from its age, the structure and design being a product of the Spanish Colonial architecture projects a fascinating view. Thousands of visitors and tourists visit the church every year because of its rich historical background and relics.

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    Biologically, women have higher tolerance for pain unlike men. Women experience a lot of pain during giving birth and even due to dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is not a disease or an illness but is a medical term used to describe the severe pain in the form of cramps that women usually experience when they are having their monthly period. Sometimes this can occur before, during and even after every menstruation period. When a woman starts to have menstruation there is a high chance that she will experience dysmenorrhea, in fact 80% of women experienced dysmenorrhea since they started to have their monthly periods.      The severe pain that a woman experience is absolutely something that any man would never want to experience. It is an excruciating kind of pain that it can already affect a woman’s daily activities. Some women even experience nausea and vomiting. Once it starts to interrupt with a person’s activities it is important to find ways on how to handle and perhaps ease the pain that it brings.      Physiologically, dysmenorrhea occurs when the uterus starts to contract. The reason why women feel cramps is when the uterus starts to contract strongly and it starts to block blood vessels around the uterus. The insufficient supply of oxygen to the muscle is what triggers cramps in the form of dysmenorrhea. Since it has something to do with uterine contraction, it is important to find ways on how contraction can be lessen so that it won’t affect nearby blood vessels     Drink warm water or tea. Warm water can actually help ease the cramps as the warm temperature can actually relax and help the uterus expand. In such way enough oxygen can reach the muscles. A hot compress can also help. Use a hot pack or a bottle filled with hot water and place it near your abdomen. Taking rests is very important so that your body can recover faster.     Refrain from drinking pain reliever. This kind of medicine does not take the source of pain. It only works by masking or inhibiting your pain receptors, thus you will think that it was able to help, but when the effect of the medicine fades away, you will again eventually feel the pain. Dependence to pain relievers is not good because as you take one tablet after another, the dosage will also increase.        Go for an exercise. Although this may sound stupid because of the pain you are feeling, exercise cannot directly help relax the contraction of the uterus. However by doing an exercise your body produces endorphins that can help in boosting your mood and can make you forget about the pain that you are feeling.   
    It is highly flattering when a different culture and nation appreciate your own. It is exactly what happened when a known Japanese artist created an artwork of the current President of the Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte together with his the PNP Chief Ronald “Bato” De la Rosa. It is already a public knowledge that there are some people who are not actually very supportive of the President’s campaign against illegal drugs. And there are also some who are very much eager to pin down the president and his cabinet members.     The diverse reaction of the Filipino people towards their President is actually normal. There will always be supporters and there some who will greatly oppose. However, what is unusual is when a different country or nation comes in and appreciate the leadership and governance of the president. As a form of gratitude and appreciation an artwork made by has been given to the president and Chief Dela Rosa.      The artwork shows a scene when President Duterte awarded Chief Dela Rosa as the new PNP chief.  Several people became really produ of what the artist did. After a long time, someone who is even from a different culture appreciated the efforts of the President. This act according to most Filipinos, made them once again proud that they are Filipinos and that they have people like Duterte and Dela rosa.     It is just difficult to understand that how come a foreign figure managed to appreciate the efforts of the president yet its people turned a blind eye on his achievements and aspirations of giving the Philippines a chance to prosper again, all for the benefit of the Filipino people and the next generations. Regardless of the campaign launched against the President people even from different countries have shown their support and their amazement of his governance and strong law enforcement.     It is indeed the time that Filipinos should be very proud of having a leader like him, a leader like no other. He has shown his great love and concern for the Filipino nation. It took the Philippines years before someone has finally brought great change to the country. According to surveys the Filipinos have high hopes that the current administration will be able to help deliver the nation to become prosperous. It is also evident in the lesser number of crime rates being recorded as a result of his campaign against illegal drugs. Truly, President Rodrigo Duterte is a blessing from above. People are praying for him to have longer life in order to serve and care for the Filipino people for more years to come.     
    The Philippines has caught the attention of several humanitarian groups because of the alleged extra judicial killings happening in the country. Those who are against of the present administration’s campaign to eradicate drugs all over the country raised their concerns up to the international or foreign bodies. Because according to them the Philippines is being managed under President Rodrigo Duterte’s dictatorship.     In response to this call, there are indeed several international groups even the UN who immediately showed disagreement towards the Duterte administration without even validating the reports being brought to them. This is actually one of the biggest conflicts within this country. Media is no longer a source for credible and genuine news. The integrity of those who are working in media companies have been already stained because of their biased reporting. It has been already proven several times even during the campaign period.      During Duterte explained and defended his governance and the alleged extra judicial killings. In counter to what the critics and the international groups were saying, Duterte then showed photos of the Budajo. These photos were not even documented in Philippine history books. Majority of the Filipinos are not aware of the existence of this unfortunate event. Only few people knew about this and luckily the President is one of these people. He revealed the almost-forgotten sentiments of those people who were part of the said history.      Budajo, is one of the most bloody encounters of all time. Although this wasn’t documented, it remains in the memory of the Tausug Tribe who has kept in their memories up to now. There were pictures recovered of what actually happened during that time. It was absolutely a massacre were helpless individuals were slaughtered.  The tribe resisted the American colonization in return they did this to them. However it was not documented at all. Americans managed to build a false image of them being good to Filipinos.      This is the main reason why Duterte believes that there is strong and undying sentiments in Mindanao that very few people are aware of. Finally the time has come that it has been revealed to the public and how bloody it was for our brother and sisters. It was even suggested that history books for public schools must contain and cover the details of this horrific event and to make every Filipino appreciate and enrich his or her own culture rather than those of other races.   
    The Philippines has been known to be a home for variety of culture and tradition. It can’t be denied that different tribe, and races were able to contribute and influence the Philippine’s history. Descendants from different cultures were embraced by the native Filipinos and created a community of prosperity rich in friendship and respect. One of the most common events being celebrated in the Philippines is the Chinese New Year. Although this event is intended for Chinese communities only, Filipinos have been fully accustomed to it. Not to mention the existing business establishments owned by Filipino-Chinese families that has been present for quite some time.       For this year, Chinese New Year will fall on January 28, 2017. Is it the same with the usual New Year celebration that the entire world is celebrating during January 1? The reason why Chinese have different kind of New Year Celebration is that Chinese follow the Lunar Calendar instead of the Gregorian calendar. Each year has its own or being represented by a zodiac. Chinese calendar is highly astronomical in nature and this has been their basis since time immemorial. It is also a sort of guide in choosing the best and luckiest dates for certain celebrations or events such as wedding, funerals, house blessings and even in opening a business.      In the Philippines, Chinese New Year is declared as a local non-working holiday. Although the number of number of people who have Chinese blood or are Chinese are not that many, it is a local holiday for all of the Filipinos to celebrate. This is how Chinese’s culture is closely tied with the Filipino’s. It has been also part of the Filipino community to join the Chinese with their tradition during Chinese New Year.      Tikoy which is actually a common food being sold during this celebration has been very popular within the entire country. It is actually made from grinned glutinous rice which is usually sweet. It has different flavors and its sticky nature is said to signify the closeness of family and friends. In China it is called Nian Gao. Although you can buy this anytime of the year, it is more in demand during the celebration of New Year.     Another thing which is very significant during this event is the Chinese Lion Dance. A group of dancers dressed in loud colors usually in red and yellow will roam the streets and perform the lion dance. Dancers are then escorted by other people who will be playing the cymbals and drums to give beat to the dance. They are usually seen in business establishments owned by Chinese businessmen. It is said that the lion dance can bring good fortune especially in business enterprises, since according to them, lions are considered to be the symbol of luck and positive energy.    
    In today's present generation weight has been closely linked to self-esteem, self-confidence and even respect. Believe it or not most of those people being subject to bullying are those who are also having problems with their weight. It has become a serious concern for all especially for young kids who already belonged to the obese class. Bullying can be one of the most dangerous things that a person can experience. It has proved its cost with people who were pushed to commit suicide because they can no longer handle the pain of being a laughing stock.     Beauty has also been greatly linked to size and weight. Skinny people are now considered beautiful because of their mere size. Gone are the days when beauty is actually defined to be something better than the appearance of a person. Several women were slammed because of not being skinny. That is how society dictates the standards of beauty. However there are also some who managed to promote self-acceptance and respect of having different body built which is actually the right thing to do.      On the other hand, being not skinny is also different from being overweight. It is important to maintain a normal body index because it has a huge impact on your health. Body mass index can be computed by getting your height and weight. Your weight should be proportional with your height. This is the main reason why it is important to lose weight if you are a few pounds over than the normal.      Although each person has his or her own beauty regardless of size, health does depend on size. When you tolerate yourself being fat, you are actually putting yourself in great danger and that is not beautiful at all. Being overweight signifies excess fats within your system, particularly in your organs. Heart attack, diabetes and other lifestyle diseases are actually caused by obesity and less control over one’s diet.      This is a human being’s heart at it is covered with fats. It is the reality. It is never ever beautiful to have something like this within you. It should be the number one reason for a person to lose weight. Health is something you can’t have in an instant. It is something you take care of. Being beautiful is being able to live a longer life. The best thing to do is to have a normal body weight and a body free from diseases. This should be an inspiration rather than having the reason of being accepted by the society.