Taal Volcano

    The complex Taal Volcano is located in the Philippines at the island of Luzon 31miles south of Manila. It is found on an island right in the middle of the Taal Lake. In the prehistoric times between 140,000 to 5,380 BP, this volcano exploded in powerful eruptions which eventually resulted in the formation of Taal Caldera which is partially filled by the lake. The complex volcano when viewed from the Tagaytay ridge emanates one of the most picturesque attractions in the Philippines.
    In the past the volcano has erupted several times claiming the lives of many people residing in the island. These losses of life were estimated to be about 5,000-6,000. It was labeled as a Decade Volcano due to its simultaneous eruptions and its proximity to areas which are populated. It is one of Philippines’ most active volcanoes and is also included in the Pacific ring of fire.
    The Taal Volcano and Lake is found in the province of Batangas and is split into two. The northern half of it belongs to the town of Talisay while the southern half is for San Nicolas. The Taal Lake is also surrounded by the towns of Balete, Santa Teresita, Alitagtag, Talisay, Tanauan, Cuenca and MataasnaKahoy. The whole of Volcano Island was declared by the PHIVOLCS ( Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology) as a Permanent Danger Zone. They prohibited any settlement in the said island. But despite all of that, there are still are some people who are risking their lives by residing in the area. Most of these are poor families who make a living through fishing and farming in the volcano’s rich soil.
    There are 33 eruptions of the Taal volcano recorded in the history of Philippines since 19572. The first was in 1572 when Augustinian friars established Taal town. The second was a mild eruption taking place in 1591 which featured great masses of smoke coming from the crater. But during 1605 to 1611 the volcano was having great activities. Out of fear Father Torna de Abreu erected a huge wooden cross on brink of its crater.
    The center of activities transferred from the crater to other parts of the island itself between 1707 and 1731. In 1715 the eruptions ensued in the BinitiangMunti crater. Also minor eruptions occurred from this crater to the western end of the island in the years 1709 and 1729. On September 24, 1716, a very violent activity occurred destroying the whole southeastern parts of the crater located at the opposite of Mount Macolod. Another remarkable eruption was the 1731 activity where the explosion itself created an island at eastern side of the island. The greatest known eruption of Taal Volcano occurred in 1754. It lasted for 200 days from May 15 to December 1.
    After the year 1754 the Taal remained silent for a period of 54 years. Although it had minor activities 1790, the volcano did not erupt violently until March 1808. This eruption was as great as the 1754 eruption. It dramatically changed the shape of the crater’s interior. It had widened the crater and reduced the pond inside it. The crater walls also has diminished due to this powerful eruption.
    Recently, since 1977 the volcano has remained quiet again. But there have been signs of minor activities in 1991 presenting seismic and ground fracturing. There are also mud pots and geysers seen across the island taking formation. Because of this the PHIVOLCS has been issuing notices about seismic unrest warning the few people living in Taal.

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Saturday, September 10, 2016 - 10:33:31 PM
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    The Philippines has been known to be a home for variety of culture and tradition. It can’t be denied that different tribe, and races were able to contribute and influence the Philippine’s history. Descendants from different cultures were embraced by the native Filipinos and created a community of prosperity rich in friendship and respect. One of the most common events being celebrated in the Philippines is the Chinese New Year. Although this event is intended for Chinese communities only, Filipinos have been fully accustomed to it. Not to mention the existing business establishments owned by Filipino-Chinese families that has been present for quite some time.       For this year, Chinese New Year will fall on January 28, 2017. Is it the same with the usual New Year celebration that the entire world is celebrating during January 1? The reason why Chinese have different kind of New Year Celebration is that Chinese follow the Lunar Calendar instead of the Gregorian calendar. Each year has its own or being represented by a zodiac. Chinese calendar is highly astronomical in nature and this has been their basis since time immemorial. It is also a sort of guide in choosing the best and luckiest dates for certain celebrations or events such as wedding, funerals, house blessings and even in opening a business.      In the Philippines, Chinese New Year is declared as a local non-working holiday. Although the number of number of people who have Chinese blood or are Chinese are not that many, it is a local holiday for all of the Filipinos to celebrate. This is how Chinese’s culture is closely tied with the Filipino’s. It has been also part of the Filipino community to join the Chinese with their tradition during Chinese New Year.      Tikoy which is actually a common food being sold during this celebration has been very popular within the entire country. It is actually made from grinned glutinous rice which is usually sweet. It has different flavors and its sticky nature is said to signify the closeness of family and friends. In China it is called Nian Gao. Although you can buy this anytime of the year, it is more in demand during the celebration of New Year.     Another thing which is very significant during this event is the Chinese Lion Dance. A group of dancers dressed in loud colors usually in red and yellow will roam the streets and perform the lion dance. Dancers are then escorted by other people who will be playing the cymbals and drums to give beat to the dance. They are usually seen in business establishments owned by Chinese businessmen. It is said that the lion dance can bring good fortune especially in business enterprises, since according to them, lions are considered to be the symbol of luck and positive energy.    
        Do you consider yourself a makeup enthusiast? Do feel giggly and extremely excited when you see makeup items on sale? What if I tell you that you can actually buy a Kylie Jenner lipstick for P150 only? Would you go for it? Believe it or not there are actually lots of makeups all over the country where you could buy it way less than mall prices. But before you feel giddily with that idea try to comprehend first why on earth it is so cheap? Could it be fake? Answer? A big fat YES!            Sellers of fake makeup particularly those online, have different strategies to sway their prospect customers such as like this on this picture.               Just to educate the general public, there is no such thing as secondhand makeup or makeup overruns. It is only in between a real or a fake one. Counterfeit makeups became really popular these days because makers of these products have observed that a lot of people particularly women showed great interest in buying such kinds of items. Who wouldn’t want to earn easy money right?            There are indeed some people who would neglect or disregard the fact that makeups sold in a very cheap price are actually fake. They are more concern of their curiosity to try it on and see how it can make them more beautiful. However it is often not the case because it has been found out that counterfeit makeups actually contain harmful ingredients that can cause serious injuries to the skin, eyes and even nose. Would you still want to trade your health in exchange of a cheap makeup? You should think about it. It is better to remain healthy rather than sorry. Here is a sample of a real and a counterfeit makeup.                 It is not actually difficult to spot a fake makeup if you can check it personally, however if you only saw it on Facebook or Instagram then it is really a tough one since you can get fooled with the pictures that they are using; nonetheless, the things that you need to watch out for are the following: Label or packaging – counterfeits would surely try to deceive you with its packaging but you can easily identify a fake from a real one. Real ones have clearer prints and clean packaging. Legit makeup companies see to it that their products are tightly sealed and marked correctly which is actually the opposite of mass production of counterfeit makeups. Color and texture – this can be often identified in pressed powders, blushers, eye shadows and the likes, you will notice that the materials comes in granules and not in a powder finish. Also, if you try to research for a specific shade, counterfeits are way dull and has a different shade from the real ones. Smell - for items that comes in powder or liquid, if you have doubts about the authenticity, try to smell the item, fake ones have similar scents and usually have stronger scent compared to the real ones. Price – this would be the most obvious indicator if a makeup is real or fake. If it is like 70% - 80% much cheaper from the regular price then you should absolutely forget about it. Having it on huge sale can be possible, but if it seems like all of their products have almost similar prices, then you probably encountered the fake ones       With a very cheap price you will surely get swayed with these offers but just remember that these things can actually put your life in danger such as this.   She had swollen eyes after using fake eyeliner, and mascara. 
    Sinulog is a festival held annually on January on the third Sunday. It is celebrated in Cebu and Maasin City in Philippines. It is the Bisayan people's way of honoring their pagan origin along with their conversion to the Catholic faith. According to history when Ferdinand Magellan arrived in Cebu he succeeded in convincing the Datu Humabon into accepting the Roman Catholic faith along with his wife Hara Amihan and about 800 natives of the land. Because of this he gave them the Santo Nino or the child image of Jesus as a gift for their conversion . He handed the gift to Hara who was named Queen Juana after the mother of Carlos I. It is believed that when Queen Juana received the Santo Nino she danced with joy while holding the gift. Her people then followed her example and so that moment was considered the first Sinulog.     Since then the love of the people towards the Santo Nino has kept on growing especially in the Visayas. THrough the years it became a yearly pilgrimage for Catholics. Christians went on a journey to visit the church and participate in the festival. In 1980 the local government of Cebu City encouraged tribal dancers to participate in the now organized Sinulog Festival. It was officially held in that year and performed by students wearing Moro outfits and dancing to the rhythm of drums. The event was organized by David Odilao who was then the Director of the Ministry of Sports and Youth Development. Later on it caught the attention of the City Mayor Florentino Solon. He charged the Cebu Historical Committee on conceptualizing the festival and turning it into an official yearly event.     The festival is a procession of street parades and dances moving with music made up of gongs and drums. The participants wear varieties of bright colored costumes. There are also smaller versions of this commemoration being held in different parts of the province where they celebrate the Santo Nino. One of these is the Sinulog sa Kabataan which is performed by the youngsters of Cebu 7 days before the parade begins. At present the Sinulog festival has become a tourist attraction which includes contests that feature contestants participating from all over the country.     The Sinulog has 9 days of celebration with a Sinulog Grand Parade on its final day. On the day prior to the last parade the Fluvial Procession takes place. This is observed at dawn. The Santo Nino statue is placed and transferred on a pump boat from Mandaue to Cebu City. The pump boat is decorated with thousands of flowers. The procession is then concluded in Basilica where the acceptance of Christianity in Cebu is re-enacted by performers. Afterwards a quiet procession is observed in the afternoon on the major streets of the city. This takes hours due to mass numbers of the participants.     The difference between the Sinulog and other festivals is that the rituals that take place during the event is not the focal point of the event. The Sinulog rather focuses on the dance and what it represents. The purpose of the procession is to reminisce and commemorate the meaning of the dance which is the reaction of the Filipino people to Philippine's acceptance of Christianity.
    If you are fond of shopping online for sure you have come across posts or pages selling bags, shoes, jewelries, cosmetics and other sort of trendy things. These items became really salable because sellers would claim that they have way cheaper prices compared to those items sold in malls. A buyer with a limited amount of money would sure go for a budget-friendly deal believing that he or she would get the same item being sold in malls. Other seller would even label their products as “authentic overruns” or “original overruns”.      What else should a buyer know if an item is labeled as an authentic overrun aside from the lower price it has? The truth is there is actually no such thing as “authentic overrun”. It’s just between an original one and a fake one. Yes, overruns are considered fake or counterfeit products. In support to the overrun claim, others would say that the products they are selling did not match or pass the quality standards and so they are being sold in cheaper prices. These products are still made from the original material but has some sort of imperfections and are not included in items delivered in malls and other authorized distributors. This claim sounds really convincing right?      In counterfeit items or imitations there are still classifications in terms of quality. The one considered to be the closest to the original is called an overrun, next is a replica, and it is followed by class A, class B and so on. There are some items that are really sturdy and have great quality, almost the same with the original. The price difference does matter, and if you are going to conduct a research, almost all online stores have the same price range for items. This means, their products came from the same source or the supplier for these items is the same.      There is nothing wrong in buying these kinds of stuff, who would want to spend more money if can spend less and have the item that you really like? However it is best to know the value of what you are buying for. Don’t get fooled by those sellers telling you that they are selling original items. Also, the price range for overrun items are almost the same, so don’t get fooled if you saw an item that you like in a much higher price compared to what you saw, thinking that, that  must be the original one. If the price is 50%-70% lower compared to malls, then it must have been an overrun or a replica.   
    Finally you decided to apply for a passport because you want to go on a trip outside the country. Or you would just want to avail of the privilege that the government offers to its people. Nonetheless whatever reasons you got, you need to prepare the following documents for you to surely have your passport. The DFA announced that it takes 20 days for the normal processing of passport documents; meanwhile a person has the option if he or she wants it to be rushed but with additional fee and it will only take 10 days for it to be released. The normal processing requires you to pay P950.00, meanwhile rush job is at P1200.00. If you already booked a plane ticket (which is actually not advisable not unless you have already your passport approved) it is better to choose the rush option.     First things first, you have to set an appointment online if you wish for a hassle-free processing of your application. Visit the DFA website and follow the instructions given. Another tip, as much as possible be consistent in filling the information being asked. All of the information in your online application should match the details in your birth certificate, such as your father’s middle name and your mother’s maiden name. There are instances wherein you know that some of the details in your birth certificate were misspelled or written incorrectly, however you never tried to have it fixed, then you should leave it as it is in filling up your application form.      Below are actually the things or documents that you need to prepare and present during your personal appearance at the DFA office.      •    A lot of people got confused with the requirements because some of the needed supporting documents were not specified at all. These are actually what they meant by SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS:     •    You need to bring any 2 of these SUPPORTING documents during your appearance in the DFA office. (DFA specified to bring at least 1 valid ID, however when I personally tried to apply, they required me to give two (2) government issued ids)     Although it has been stated that you just have to choose any of the two, it is better to be prepared and secure all possible documents in case of any problem in the future.      Lastly, how about the passport size picture? The answer is NO. You actually don’t need to provide a passport size picture because your photo will be taken during your appearance at the DFA office. You might want to wear something with collar because if not, you have to wear something like a top that has a collar on it provided by the DFA office. It is actually the last step of your application. 

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    Remember the good all days when Nokia 3315 dominated the cellular brands available in the market? It has been the most popular and famous brand for cellular devices. Before mobile devices came in, it was first cellular devices and during that time Nokia has been occupying a great spot as the people’s number one choice.      However despite the popularity and the trusted reputation, Nokia faced a catastrophic event. During the release of mobile devices powered by android and ios, nokia wasn’t able to come up right away with their own version of android phone. Instead of getting along with the trend Nokia took the risk of partnering with Windows. The partnership gave birth to Nokia Lumia, also known as the Window’s Phone. Despite the name and the fresh approach, the new windows phone did not manage to attract more customers since it was launched. It was close to being failure since almost all users prefer using android devices rather than have it on windows.      For quite some time, Nokia remained silent about its attempt to match the release of android phones. Some people are even thinking what happened to this company. Nokia has indeed made a legacy. Now that the contract of the partnership between Nokia and Microsoft is finally over, Nokia is now launching its comeback with Nokia 6.     Last January 19, 2017 the company finally launched their mobile android device, the Nokia 6. Although this device will be launched exclusively in China as of the moment, people all over the world are very much excited for the comeback. But how excited should the people be with the specs of this new device?     Everybody should be excited because Nokia 6 has amazing specs that can be compared with Samsung and Apple’s most popular devices. Aside from the monster specs, people are very surprised to have it in a very affordable price. It is 70% cheaper compared to Apple’s Iphone 7 and Samsung’s S8. Just imagine having this kind of specs in a market price.     There is no wonder why it was sold out just a minute after its first launching in China. Although there are no reviews yet about this device people are positively anticipating that this is the thing that they have been waiting for. Everyone is wishing for this device to be available in their country or if not, Nokia will create a device that will be available all over the world.      There are also rumors that Nokia, in partnership with HMD Global will release two android mobile devices this year. And Nokia 6 is just the start of their comeback. The public are now waiting if Nokia will try to match the release date of Apple’s Iphone and Samsung’s S series. This will be an exciting year indeed. If you have plans of getting a new mobile device this year, you should watch out because a new competitive brand is going to make rounds for sure.   
    Losing weight has been one of the most anticipated topics for quite a while now. People are very much eager to lose weight and to obtain a physically fit body. Being slim and thin is now the new standard of beauty, which is the main reason why almost everyone are trying really hard to at least lower down those unwanted fats. The best and most effective way to lose weight is to have a daily exercise and to eat healthy foods that are enough to sustain the body’s need for energy. But people are too busy and lazy to do both.      It is undeniably true that people nowadays would love to eat and eat and wish not to gain weight at all. However it will never happen to most people. There are some though who don’t have any problems of gaining weight because of their metabolism.  But majority of people will pay price of eating too much and absolutely gaining too much weight. People are now trying their very best to finds the easiest yet the most effective way to lose weight. There are supplements, food suppressants, even coffee mix especially made to lose weight. To add to these is the discovery of rice corn.     Corn is known to be a good source of carbohydrates and even rich in minerals and vitamins. However although it is rich in carbohydrates it can actually help people lose weight especially if you are the type of person who often have carbs on their meals. Filipinos are rice eaters. It is hard for one to live on bread alone and that is for sure. If you rely heavily on rice or on carbohydrates it is best to replace rice with rice corn instead.      Rice corn might be effective to help you lose weight since it is has the most number of fiber among other grains. Aside from being fiber-rich, rice corn is more compact compared to rice. It means you only need a little serving for you to get full. Also it takes time before your stomach could actually digest corn because of its compact nature that is why it will also take time before you can feel hunger once again. Corn has less sugar compared to rice. It is one of the biggest assets of rice corn eaters. Carbohydrates, fats, and sugar are the three things you don’t want to accumulate in your diet if you want to achieve a lean and sexy body. Although corn contains carbs, you will be taking it in minimum amount since it is more compact compared to white rice.     Everybody is looking for different ways to lose weight. The best thing to do is to acquire discipline first and then look for ways appropriate for your body build. Not all dietary supplements are effective. Some would depend mainly on the body’s mechanism in losing weight!     
    Taking a bath is a necessity for any person. Taking baths regularly have great effects on the body especially when it comes to proper hygiene.  Washing your body removes dirt and even germs that may cause skin irritation and other forms of ailments. However there are also concerns when it comes to taking baths such as the drying of skin. What actually makes the skin dry and how can it be prevented?      Having a glowing and fully nourished skin is such an asset. It shows how healthy a person is and how he or she takes good care of his or her body. Of course dull and dry skin is not an indication of a healthy lifestyle. It can make a person look older than they seem. Taking baths regularly can indeed make your skin dry because it also removes the moisture within your skin. However choosing between soap or body bar and body wash can actually solve your problem.     Body bars or beauty bars are among the oldest and the traditional products used during bath time. It has been present even centuries ago. It is convenient to use and comes in affordable prices. Several variants of soap have been already produced to cater the needs of every person. There are beauty bars made especially for people having sensitive skin. These are often termed mas hypo allergenic products. With the convenience of using beauty bars, is there something special about body wash that can actually change the minds of the people who have been used to soaps.      Unlike beauty bars, body wash or shower gels are actually great if you have dry skin problems. The chemical components used in making shower gels are lighter and more delicate compared to those of beauty bars. This is the main reason why shower gels can totally moisturize your skin even if you use it every day. Although beauty bars have been present for ages, shower gels have its benefits that any person would surely consider.      A body wash unlike soap can be stored in a pump-type container making it really handy. Its scent stays longer in your skin unlike soap does. It produces more amount of lather, making you enjoy your bath more. It moisturizes your skin and it also comes in different variants depending on use. It is not that expensive and it can be bought in any supermarket stores just like soaps. Unlike soap it does not have any residues that can actually make your skin flaky.   
    If you are fond of shopping online for sure you have come across posts or pages selling bags, shoes, jewelries, cosmetics and other sort of trendy things. These items became really salable because sellers would claim that they have way cheaper prices compared to those items sold in malls. A buyer with a limited amount of money would sure go for a budget-friendly deal believing that he or she would get the same item being sold in malls. Other seller would even label their products as “authentic overruns” or “original overruns”.      What else should a buyer know if an item is labeled as an authentic overrun aside from the lower price it has? The truth is there is actually no such thing as “authentic overrun”. It’s just between an original one and a fake one. Yes, overruns are considered fake or counterfeit products. In support to the overrun claim, others would say that the products they are selling did not match or pass the quality standards and so they are being sold in cheaper prices. These products are still made from the original material but has some sort of imperfections and are not included in items delivered in malls and other authorized distributors. This claim sounds really convincing right?      In counterfeit items or imitations there are still classifications in terms of quality. The one considered to be the closest to the original is called an overrun, next is a replica, and it is followed by class A, class B and so on. There are some items that are really sturdy and have great quality, almost the same with the original. The price difference does matter, and if you are going to conduct a research, almost all online stores have the same price range for items. This means, their products came from the same source or the supplier for these items is the same.      There is nothing wrong in buying these kinds of stuff, who would want to spend more money if can spend less and have the item that you really like? However it is best to know the value of what you are buying for. Don’t get fooled by those sellers telling you that they are selling original items. Also, the price range for overrun items are almost the same, so don’t get fooled if you saw an item that you like in a much higher price compared to what you saw, thinking that, that  must be the original one. If the price is 50%-70% lower compared to malls, then it must have been an overrun or a replica.   
    Nowadays, people are becoming busier with their work and other sorts of responsibilities. When you have just started working, chances are you spend majority of your time working and earning a living. But it is also important to distress yourself from so much stress from the demands of your work. But how can you do it if you have very limited time left to enjoy? Food has been one of the key comforts of the people at this present time.      Wherever and whenever you go to a certain restaurant you will surely get to see a chicken on their menu. Chicken is served in all restaurants, of course except for vegans. It is one of the most handy to cook among all other meat. You can have it fried, serve it in salads, or have it as a soup and even in barbecues. People consume chicken as much as they consume rice. Aside from being versatile in terms of recipes, chicken can be cooked easily. Most of the chicken recipes do not require too much time in terms of preparation. Also, it is always available in the market, rain or shine. It is available whole year round. It doesn’t have to depend on any season at all.     Almost all are eating chicken but do you know or have you already asked yourself on which is the healthiest part of the chicken? In terms of being healthy, the breast part would surely take the win. Why it is considered to be the healthiest has something to do with its structure and component. Unlike other chicken parts, the breast is mainly composed of lean meat. It does not have any extra fat and is a good source of protein. It isn’t difficult to prepare and require little or less time compared to other parts because it does not have bones at all. Although the breast may seem not that appealing it is the healthiest part of the chicken. It is best for those who are on their diet. You will not feel guilty at all after consuming a whole chicken breast.      Now for the tastiest part, it is none other than the thighs. The drumstick is indeed popular but the thighs have tastier meat. The wings might also be a good appetizer however it contains less meat compared to the thighs, making it as appetizer but not the main dish. Chicken thighs have tastier and juicer meat compared to all others. It has the right amount of meat and it has bones to give it enough structure and for you to bite on.      However if you are a drumstick person then go for it, choose the one that makes you happy. If you are conscious with your diet then go for the breast part. In the end, it will depend on your own preference. Rest, assured that your chicken will always be there for you no matter what.