Battle in the City of Golden Friendship - Cagayan de Oro

    The City of Cagayan de Oro is also the capital of Misamis Oriental. It is also the regional center of Northern Mindanao. Tourists and travelers from time to time flock the city. Because of this, it is titled as the city of golden friendship. Ironically, before the peace, it went through a tiresome war that made its mark in the history of the Philippines.
    For 276 years the Spanish Colonizers dominated the Philippines. But on the 10th of December 1898 the Treaty of Paris was signed by the United States and Spain in Paris. In the treaty it was agreed that the country would handed over to the Americans in return for a payment. The amount paid to Spain by the Americans was 120,000,0000 dollars. In other words, Philippines was bought by the United States from Spain.
    In Cagayan de Oro, the Americans’ arrival was much received with restiveness and hostility by the Kagay-anons. They did not agree to the occupation of the US. And so a revolutionary group called “ Tercios Revolucionarios” was created and organized by the people of Cagayan. Its main leaders were people who are prominent even in today’s times. These people included known names in Cagayan de Oro such as Apolinar Velez, Nicanor Capistrano, Roa Y. Racines, Tirso Neri, and Cayetano Pacana.
    The prominent leaders of this organization purposefully trained and prepared the Kagay-anons mentally and physically. Their main goal was to resist and push back the Americans from entering their town. But there was a setback to their plans as they have realized. Their men had only bolos and some rifles as weapons to fight the Americans. But nevertheless, these were the men who fought in the famous April 7, 1900 battle and that of Macahambus.
    The invasion of Cagayan de Oro by the Americans came on 31 March 1900. They first bombarded the town and burned the flag of Macabalan. The fighters of the Tercios Revolucionarios were already prepared and trained even before the invasion came. But they waited until April 7 to attack the Americans. Their army was headed by General Nicolas Capistrano. Originally, they were camped at Gagno plateau at Bukidnon which is located 9km from Cagayan. 
    The ringing of San Agustin Church’s bell was the go signal for them to attack the Americans when they arrived. The Revolucionarios attacked in a systematized wave. The first wave were men with bolos only as weapons. Then next to them were the riflemen. They were then followed by cavalrymen. Their main plan was to make a sneak attack on the American soldiers. But because some of the macheteros(men with bolos) shouted battle cries, their plan was foiled.
    The Americans were quick to react to the battle cries of the natives carrying bolos and so there raged a battle between the well-armed Americans and the Revolucionarios. When Gen. Capistrano realized impending defeat, he ordered for a retreat. The most intense fighting happened in the town’s plaza, which is now called the Gaston Park. But the Kagay-anons stood no chance against the Americans. After an hour they were defeated and the remnants of the Revolucionarios were chased away from the city.
    Even with so little hope of winning, the Revolucionarios fought with much valiance. But still they were defeated. When peace returned to Cagayan de Oro, Tirso Neri became its first Mayor. There he ordered the opening of Divisoria.

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    One of the most famous revolts in the Philippines is called the Dagohoy Revolution or also known as the Dagohoy Revolt. It is famous in Philippine history for being the longest of its kind. The rebellion was led by Francisco Sendrijas or better known as Francisco Dagohoy. The revolt happened in Bohol and lasted for 85 years from 1744 to 1829. It occurred in the Spanish era. The Dagohoy revolt was a sequel to a prior rebellion known as the Tamblot uprising which was headed by Tamblot in 1621. But the Tamblot revolution was a religious one because it was led by a native priest.     The Dagohoy revolution was unlike the Tamblot revolution. It was not a spiritual rebellion but a conflict which was a retaliation to oppression, forced labor and too much tax collection and requests for tribute payments. To make matters worse, it was the Jesuit priests who headed these abuses.     In the year 1744, Bohol was prepared for another fight against Spain because of its oppression. In the same yearm a Jesuit priest called Gaspar Morales commanded a constable named Sagarino to hunt a man guilty of abandoning Christianity. When the constable caught the man, the fugitive murdered him. When Sagarino was found he was brought to Morales for a Christian burial. But the priest refused to give it to him because according to the Church at that time, death by duel was banned from rights to a Christian burial.     The brother of Sagarino was Francisco Dagohoy. He was furious when he heard of the news and searched and found his brother’s body. He then went to Morales and persuaded him to give his brother a proper Christian burial. But the priest denied him saying that Sagarino did not deserve it for dying in a duel. What made it worse was when the priest ordered for Sagarino’s corpse to be exposed in Inabanga for three days until it rots.     This was the final straw to the Dagohoy revolution. It was Jesuits’ refusal to offer Christian’s brothers a burial even when the dead person died in service by chasing fugitives who fought Christianity. Because of this Dagohoy called on his fellow Boholanos to gather and fight against the oppressions. Spanish Governors and missions were outlasted by this rebellion.     Today, the Dagohoy Rebellion is featured in Bohol’s provincial flag showing two bolos or the country’s native swords with hand guards drawn on top of them. The Dagohoy Revolution represents one of the swords while the Tamblot represents the other. It is a symbol that says that Boholanos would always rise and fight the oppressors whoever they may be.     To honor Franscisco, one of the towns in Bohol was named Dagohoy after him. The name was proposed by Carlos P. Garcia who was a former Vice President of the country. Francisco Dagohoy is considered as a Boholano hero.
    Dogs and humans are not just best of friends, both also share the same qualities and even unique traits and one of these is the eye color. There are just unique things that could happen and sometimes it can be treated as unusual ones. Having different eye color is just one of the unusual cases for dogs and humans. In dogs this phenomena is called Heterochromia.     Although it may appear as an abnormality, there are few cases of Heterochromia that indicates illnesses. Dogs’ eye color depends on the level of melanin present in the iris, which is actually the same with humans. A high level of melanin could give a brown eye color or the usual color of dogs’ eyes.     Meanwhile dogs with light blue or green indicates low level of melanin. The levels of melanin on each eye can be different with one another thus there are some dogs who don’t have the same eye color. One eye can be brown and the other one can be blue or green.      Dogs that were born to have different eye colors fall in the congenital case. Heterochromia can actually be passed through generations. If you got a dog having such condition since it was a pup, the most probable reason is that its parents either have the condition or even both of them. However there are also cases when Heterochromia can be acquired. It can happen in an occurrence of a disease such as glaucoma, cataract, or even the failure of the optic nerve to develop.      Heterochromia is much more common on dogs with lighter coat. It can again be explained due to the levels of melanin. The color of the dogs coat is still part of the melanin’s coverage. One of the most common dog breed to have a different eye color is Siberian husky. However it can still occur even to those who don’t have light coat.   
    At this point of time it is much easier to influence other people without revealing your real identity. It is also the main reason why people who do and discuss unlawful acts are brave and confident in tempting others. Primarily because they know they won’t be held liable for their words and actions. And most of these unlawful acts involve things that shouldn’t be encouraged such as ways to commit sexual assault.     Despite the campaign to end violence and to promote gender equality, there is this very odd and disturbing act surfacing in the internet that has caught the attention of the majority of people particularly those who are using the social media. Several groups around the world are now showing their great concern for this act to be considered as a form of sexual assault.       Stealthing is the act of removing one’s condom in the middle of a sexual activity without the knowledge of his partner. The term actually came from the root word “stealth” which means being sneaky or doing something without making others aware of it. It actually represents its exact definition; however this became a very controversial issue because this could be considered as a form of sexual assault and a serious matter to deal with.     Condoms are primarily used as a form of birth control; even more it also protects you from sexually transmitted disease such as AIDS, and many more. By using condoms, both partners gained the confidence and assurance of being safe from diseases and conception. However some twisted and perverted individuals came up with the idea of stealthing. According to them condoms take away men’s control and dominance over his partner. Thus, by performing stealthing they could regain their control and dominate their partner without their knowledge.     Stealthing can be considered as a sexual assault because the other person or the partner is not aware of what his or her partner is doing, thus no consent was given at all. Although it happens without applying force, it is still an assault because only one person is benefited and other is harmed.       Individuals or victims who experienced this activity said they were traumatized and became depressed because of the threat of being infected by sexually transmitted diseases and unplanned pregnancies. It was hard for them to move on especially for those who engaged in casual sex. These victims are warning the public to be very careful in picking or choosing their partners as stealthing triggered several individuals’ curiosity to try it despite of the depressing result.   
    It is a bizarre geological formation which consists of at least 1,260 hills.  Each hill is covered with green grass which turns to brown in the dry season making it look like chocolates. The images of these hills are marked in Bohol’s provincial flag and seal as a symbol of prosperity.   Because of its fame among tourists, the Chocolate Hills were added in the list of Philippine Tourism Authority’s tourist destinations. It is also considered as the third National Geological Monument of the Philippines.     The Chocolate hills are all dome-shaped and symmetrical in shape. They differ in sizes some from 30-50 meters high. Each of these hills is made of limestone covered by grass. It is also estimated to have 1,268 up to 1,776 mounds making up the whole group of hills which are scattered in Carmen, Sagbayan and Batuan towns. The hills got its name from the color it turns to during dry seasons-chocolate brown. This is due to the drying leaves of the grass covering it. The Chocolate hills would look like endless giant dome chocolates lined up as far as the eye can see during the summer.     The Imperata cylindrica, Saccharum spontaneum, and Compositae are the species of grass which grows on these hills. Groups of ferns can also be found covering the layers. The cultivation of rice is mainly found in between each hill. Because of quarrying activities, these vegetations are now threatened.     The Chocolate Hills has some legends explaining the origin of the Chocolate Hills. The first one explains that there used to be two giants who fought and hurled rocks and giant boulders at each other. When they grew tired they reconciled and left the place forgetting to clean up. Another legend has it that a giant called Arogo cried so much for the death of a beloved mortal so much that the Chocolate Hills were formed. The third legend claims that it was a giant carabao eating all of the town’s crops. The townsfolk planned and fed the giant with spoiled food and so it has defecated large mounds. These mounds then dried up turning into the Chocolate Hills.     But whatever the legends say, a more scientific explanation could be found and read at a viewing deck located in Carmen, Bohol. The plaque explains that the hills were originally marine limestone underneath which is hardened clay. The shapes turned into what it is today due to constant rain, erosion and coral uplifting.     Because of its special characteristics in terms of science and tourism, the chocolate hills were declared as a National Geological Monument in June 18, 1988 by the National Committee on Geological Sciences. And on July 1, 1997 President Fidel Ramos signed the Proclamation No.1037 which gave more protection to the site. This proclamation established the need to preserve and maintain the chocolate hills. It also established strategies to avoid illegal exploitations of the tourist landmark.     At present there are two ways to view the Hills of Bohol. One is to go to the “Chocolate Hills Complex” and another is at the “Sagbayan Peak”.
    The Baclayon Church is considered to be one of the oldest churches in the Philippines. It is also one of the most preserved Jesuit churches in the country. It stands today with the same materials that it was made of since the beginning except for a few additions of modern façade and stone buildings. Square blocks cut from coral stones make up most of the figure of the church. The native laborers carried them from the sea using bamboo. They then used this bamboo to carry the corals and piled it on top of each other. They also used egg whites as cement to hold the blocks together.     Spanish priests Juan de Torres and Gabriel Sanchez first came into Baclayon in 1595 from Cebu City. Their people erected a visita immediately after their arrival. This is because the priests realized that there was no decent place to celebrate the Mass. The church in the beginning of its construction was made from bamboo. But because of their Moro enemies, the building has to be stopped. They moved their headquarters to Loboc and the construction of the church was commenced only in 1717. The building of the church was then completed in 1727. In 1835 the large bell was installed in the building.     Inside the church are green gilded altars. During the 18th century their versions of Baroque were very popular. The interior of the church also displays a retablo. This retablo shows the images of the saints of Recollect devotion. But still it is traced back to the Jesuits because the motto “ Ad majorem Dei gloriam” is surmounted in the main altar. The builders of the church also carved two benches in the nave on low relief. Also, the painting of Ascension could be found in that nave along with that of Church Fathers and San Vicente Ferrer.      The church is filled with valuable relics from the 19th century. A pipe organ which is now in bad shape still remains to be seen inside. Even the designs of the choir and organ loft are cut with decorations of the past. The stucco finish painting though of the church contrasts the style of the interior. The church also has a jail behind it where people were punished for violating the Catholic rules.      Outside and near the church is an old convent. It has a small museum inside it which contains antiques that date back to the 16th century. These collections include important figures such as the ivory statue of Christ, the statue of Blessed Virgin, relics of St. Ignatius and paintings by the Filipino painter Gatchalian.     The trend of churches containing museums that kept lots of important relics to the Christian faith started in Baclayon. It has been declared as National Historic Treasure because of its superb preservation making it the second oldest church in the Philippines. Aside from its age, the structure and design being a product of the Spanish Colonial architecture projects a fascinating view. Thousands of visitors and tourists visit the church every year because of its rich historical background and relics.

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    Of all the popular places in the world, Japan seemed to hold the reputation of having bizarre things or practices that you could never imagine such as the proliferation of their porn industry. Unlike in the Philippines, pornography is actually punishable by law and has corresponding penalties. It has been strongly condemned not only by the government but as well as the society.     However, although Japan has been known for its strict adherence to its culture and tradition it seems ironic that they allow or they help in regulation of pornography within their people. Pornography is even considered as a legit and feasible business in Japan.      If you might be wondering how it became that way, it’s all because Japan is actually preserving its culture and they embraced the fact that pornography already existed together with their history. Just like ancient civilizations, pornography were already evident on their writings and drawings. By continuing the practice they were able to have in the form of comics or manga. Later on an anime or Hentai has been made to proliferate pornography and finally short video clips were created.     Although it seems legal in Japan, there are actually rules and provisions that the porn industries are currently following such as the censorship of the actor and actresses genitals. It is not limited to live action but as well as in anime and manga. 
    Nowadays people communicate more often with the use of apps such as skype, wechat, watsapp and the most popular one which is viber. However several cases were already reported wherein the privacy and security of the users were jeopardized. It won’t really happen actually if you personally know the person you ware chatting to, however taking chances to connect with strangers has taken its toll when using these apps.      However did you know that you can actually chat with a complete stranger without compromising your security and personal details? Most of the time the exchange of photos can be used to extort or even blackmail someone. It would be safer not to send or share your pictures but how would you know that you are indeed talking to the real person behind a profile you just saw in another app?      When people want to talk about private stuff but are actually hesitant to risk their security a few tips from Viber in sharing photos might just help. You can actually set a timer to your photos, once it has been seen it will automatically disappear. For that your chat mate could never say that he or she wasn’t able to view it.      The steps are so easy that you will be surprised. Step 1.Instead of attaching your photo using viber, open your gallery and select a picture that you would want to send. Step 2. Click on the share button and select Viber from the options. Step 3. You will be shown a preview of the photo that you would want to share, before hitting the “send” button, notice that there’s a clock icon below. Tap the icon and you will be given options as to how long would you want your image to be viewed. 10 seconds is the longest, pick your choice and hit send. If you notice the photo you shared became blurred then it’s a confirmation that you made the right steps. When the person tried to open or view it, it will disappear and it won’t even be saved on their devices.
    Nature is indeed full of wonders and humans have not really explored it totally. There are still things that are seemingly odd in nature and there are also some that are quite deceiving. Take for example this Emerald Green Cat that was discovered in a small town in Bulgaria.      The town people and even people from far cities are quite familiar with this seemingly odd creature because of its color. The cat has been spotted walking around the city, it gives the town people the impression that it is a stray and it only gets its food by roaming around the place.      Due to its distinct color and possible breakthrough in the feline world, people from far countries travelled to Bulgaria just to take a closer peek and even take some pictures of it. However, this cat’s stardom started to fade when rainstorms came. Its bright emerald green color slowly faded away when rain started to fall.      It has been found out that the cat got its color from a barrel of paint where it sleeps. Although paints contain toxins that are eventually not good for the health, the cat was actually in good shape all throughout its stardom. With its color fading away, its popularity indeed started to slow down, however its quite noticeable she enjoyed her moment and made the most of it by gaining extra pounds.     
    In the midst of a severe flood happening in Guangxi Zhuang an Autonomous Region in China, a seemingly smiling pig was rescued along with other animals. Netizens were quick to spot the candidness of the pig’s smile while being saved from the flood. The pig seemed calmed and happy that it was rescued and even smiled wonderfully despite being held on its forelegs and ears.      As a usual response by netizens, its picture have been shared a hundred times and made quick rounds in social media all over the world. People were cheering of how this creature just made their days and made them smile right after seeing its picture.     However this pig’s instant stardom was shown not only through likes and shares of her original photo but people did hilarious Photoshop skills to savor the moment. The following are just one of the few photos that instantly became people’s favorite.       
    With today’s trend where direct, private, and instant messages are of great help to people, consumers must be aware in choosing mobile apps especially if it has something to do with your personal info’s such as your contact list where clients, bank accounts and other important stuff are being saved.     Most of the time, mobile apps are being installed because of its popularity. When a wide audience seemed to use it even for just a short time, you should expect for others to try it too without really verifying its security measures.  SARAHAH Honesty App is supposedly an app that can be used in giving feedbacks anonymously. Seems like people nowadays are drawn into intriguing stuff more than ever. However accordingly the app works in such a way that the person who has been rated or given feedback has no way of tracing or replying to it. The creator of the app tend to give its users the chance to leave positive comments or feedbacks as an act of kindness while keeping their identity unknown.      However the entire community has been totally shocked (shookt) when it has been revealed that this app is actually unknowingly stealing your personal details such as your contact list. Aside from stealing, they make use of it by uploading it to their data base and who knows what they could do about it.      Once you installed this app, it will only take them a while to steal your info. Logging out from the app can't make any difference at all. The best thing to do is to never ever install it and be more cautious in choosing an app.