The Philippine Independence

    The proclamation of the independence of the Philippines from the grasp of the Spanish colony occurred on June 12, 1898. It was proclaimed in Cavite and was done through the announcement in public of the Act of declaration independence. On that day Emilio Aguinaldo and his revolutionary forces was given the sovereignty of the country.
    The Declaration of Independence by Philippines was not an easy task for the Filipinos. It was a 3 year revolution which began in the year 1896. In those times the Spanish had sealed an agreement with the supporters of the revolution to send Emilio Aguinaldo to Hong Kong as an exile. But the Spanish-American war broke out where the Asiatic Squadron which belonged to the US NAVY sailed to Manila Bay from Hongkong. The fleet was led by Commodore George Dewey. Eventually, they defeated the Spanish through the help of the United States. The victory was declared on May 1, 1898 after the Battle of Manila Bay has decided the defeat of the Spanish colonizers. On the same month Emilio Aguinaldo returned to Philippines escorted by the U.S. Navy.
    The Proclamation ceremony occurred in the afternoon and at the familial house of the Aguinaldo family. Their house was located 30km South from Manila. In the ceremony the Philippine flag was spread out. The national flag was originally made from Hong Kong. The unfurling of the flag was then followed by the Marcha Filipina Magdalo being performed. It became the national anthem of the country and is now called Lupang Hinirang. San Francisco de Malabon was the name of the marching band which performed the anthem. It was all written by Julian Felipe.
    Meanwhile, it was Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista who wrote, prepared and read the Act of the Declaration of Independence. He composed it and read it all in Spanish. About a hundred people signed the Declaration as witnesses to the proclamation. One of them was an American officer who also observed the ceremony. But later on the declaration was modified. Apolinario Mabini insisted upon it and was acted upon by the Malolos congress. They objected for the Philippines to be held under the influence of the United States in return for protection.
    Unfortunately the proclamation had to go through rough times. It was not recognized by the U.S. and Spain. But at the defeat of the Spanish to the Americans, Philippines was yielded to the US as part of the 1898 Treaty of Paris. As a retaliation, the treaty was not recognized by the Philippine Revolutionary Government. This resulted in what is known as the Philippine-American war. But the Philippines lost to the U.S. This happened when the U.S. forces captured Emilio Aguinaldo. Aguinaldo was persuaded then to sign and agree to hand over the sovereignty of the country. On July 2, 1902 it was telegraphed by Elihu Root, U.S. Secretary of War, that all provincial governments were successfully established all over the Philippines. He added that the only exception were those places occupied by the tribes of the Moros. They have been resisting the U.S. forces for a number of years.
    The National Library of Philippines currently houses the Declaration. Just like any other document in the said library, the Declaration requires permission for it to be seen by viewers. It is a series of declarations of independence which consists also of the United Statse Declaration of Independence.

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    Accidents do happen and no one knows when and how it occurs. As pet owners, there are risks that you should be aware of upon taking the responsibility of deciding to raise a dog. No matter how preventive you are accidents can always happen to anyone. The best way to counter it is to be open-minded and be prepared of what are the things that should be done in case of emergency.     One of the greatest risks of having a pet is accidental dog bites. Dogs have fangs and are capable of causing wounds to its victims. Dog bites are often feared of because of rabies. No matter how small the bite is, rabies can still exist and perhaps it can put a person’s life into great danger.       Dogs don’t usually bite especially if they are well taken care of. Once you give them the right amount of food, exercise and a quiet place to sleep they are all good for the day. However unwanted instances occur and it can trigger dogs to bite especially when they are anxious about something. Dogs hate intruders and that what makes them good guards for your homes. However there are some dogs who weren’t trained enough to distinguish good guys from the bad ones and so accidents happen.      When an accident occurs, it is better to be prepared and have a presence of mind. The first thing that you need to do in case your dog has bitten someone or it caused you wounds is to apply first aid. First aid includes the following:         1.    Locate all the areas affected by the bite. Make sure that you have seen every scratches and wounds in your body so that it can be treated properly.         2.    In case of bleeding use a clean towel for it to stop.         3.    Keep the affected area in an elevated position. If you have been bitten in your logs, try to elevate it by using a chair.         4.    With the use of running water and soap, carefully wash the affected area. Wash it thoroughly to make sure that the wound has been totally cleaned.         5.    Once you are sure that you have thoroughly cleaned the wound, apply antibiotic ointment on the affected area to prevent it from getting infected.         6.    Put a sterile bandage on the wound, this will keep the wound covered and safe from foreign objects that may complicate it.     Visit the vet or a medical doctor right after applying first aid. It is not enough to rely on first aid treatments only because it does not guarantee your safety after the bite. Doctors would then ask you about the dog and its medical records if there are any. It is best for the dog owner to accompany the person bitten and take responsibility of the accident since it is included in RA 9482 or the Anti-Rabies Act of the Philippines. The law which states that in case of dog bites, the owner should take full responsibility of the accident by accompanying the victim and paying for all the medical expenses in the treatment process. Failure to comply these provisions must face certain sanctions.  
    The Philippines experienced a remarkable event in the history of politics when a humble Mayor from Mindanao won the 2016 presidential election. There were five presidential aspirants during the race; two of them were Senators, the Vice – President, the DILG Secretary and the Mayor of Davao City. Who would think that a humble Mayor all the way from Mindanao would actually win via landslide with more than 16million of votes all over the country and even abroad? It was like the entire nation has finally united to support him. It was even unexpected that this candidate managed to won the race since other contenders were actually considered to be more prominent than him and one has the administration’s support.      During the campaign period, the humble mayor made it clear to the public that he has nothing, that he has no money or campaign funds to make it to the presidential post. The only thing that he has and what he holds on to is his love for the country and to his fellow Filipinos. It was indeed true that he has no money and it wasn’t staged at all. But how did this man able to reach every corner of the country having no money? The answer lies within every Filipino who believes and has faith for him to restore our nation. An overflowing support of donations came in to help this candidate. People from different places campaigned for him for free. Some took the initiative to print shirts with his face, create stickers and other usual paraphernalia. However unlike other candidates, he has no definite campaign poster designs because it all depends on his supporters. This may sound humorous but despite the differences people should their great aspiration for this person.      For the first time in the Philippine History someone with a genuine concern won the presidential race having nothing but a pure intention to perform genuine public service to this nation. This is the main people supported him. With his clean and outstanding track record as a public servant for quite a number of years, majority of the people junked their doubts about him. What he did to the city of Davao is the most obvious and clear statement of what he is capable of doing.      Indeed the people finally realized that now is the time to support and be part of a greater change for the entire nation. There were a huge number of voters who turned themselves for registration when they learned the possibility that this person would soon run for president. It wasn’t even clear yet but people from all walks of life decided to become a registered voter just to give him their support. No other candidate was able to do that. His charisma and his strong will to deliver this country into glory were absolutely remarkable and from then on, the Philippines will never ever forget the name Rodrigo “Digong” Duterte. President Rodrigo Duterte, the president of the people who has always been for the people.   
    Dogs are special creatures dearly loved by humans. Although all dogs are considered to be man’s best friend, there are varieties of dog breeds that hold different kinds of personalities. If you are thinking of owning a dog or perhaps if you have a specific breed in mind you might just want to research and check on where you can possibly find them.      Here is the list of the most wanted dog breeds that are usually posted in the internet and being shared thousands of times in social media. Although these dog breeds are really popular, they did not just became popular because of their price but because of their unique personalities as well. 1.    Pomeranian  This tiny furball is already available in the Philippines and plenty of celebrities like Anne Curtis, Ellen Adarna, Vhong Navarro, Pauline Luna have them as their companions. Pomeranian puppies are sold between P20,000 to P50,000 depending on its quality and bloodline. The quality of the lineage of Pomeranians is deemed through winning dog shows under a specific organization such as the Philippine Canine Club Incorporated (PCCI) 2.    French Bulldog Still considered to be part of the small breeds, French Bulldogs or Frenchies are known for their cuteness and gentleness to humans. It is like a small American Bully, but has bigger and floppy ears. This breed ranges from P35,000 to P60,000. It is a bit pricey because there are only few local breeders of French Bulldogs in the Philippines. If you want a small breed with less hair then Frenchies might just win your heart.  3.    Corgi Corgis are very much popular because of their humorous personality and their wiggly butt. Several movies and even anime have used this breed because of it being smart and the same time cuddly. Since Corgis are very much in demand, a number of breeders in the Philippines have already started importing this breed. Corgis that are bred locally would usually range between P70,000 to P150,000.  4.    Alaskan Malamute This breed is known as the gentle giant. Puppies of this breed are often mistaken as Siberian Huskies because of almost similar color pattern. However Alaskan Malamutes can grow as much as three or four times bigger than Siberian Huskies. Alaskan Malamute puppies can reach from P100,000 to P180,000.  5.    Shiba Inu/ Akita Inu This breed originated in Japan and became really popular because of the film “Hachiko” starring Richard Geere. And who would forget “Doge” who became an internet icon. Doge can range from P100,000 to P150,000 due to travel and permit expenses. 
    The City of Cagayan de Oro is also the capital of Misamis Oriental. It is also the regional center of Northern Mindanao. Tourists and travelers from time to time flock the city. Because of this, it is titled as the city of golden friendship. Ironically, before the peace, it went through a tiresome war that made its mark in the history of the Philippines.     For 276 years the Spanish Colonizers dominated the Philippines. But on the 10th of December 1898 the Treaty of Paris was signed by the United States and Spain in Paris. In the treaty it was agreed that the country would handed over to the Americans in return for a payment. The amount paid to Spain by the Americans was 120,000,0000 dollars. In other words, Philippines was bought by the United States from Spain.     In Cagayan de Oro, the Americans’ arrival was much received with restiveness and hostility by the Kagay-anons. They did not agree to the occupation of the US. And so a revolutionary group called “ Tercios Revolucionarios” was created and organized by the people of Cagayan. Its main leaders were people who are prominent even in today’s times. These people included known names in Cagayan de Oro such as Apolinar Velez, Nicanor Capistrano, Roa Y. Racines, Tirso Neri, and Cayetano Pacana.     The prominent leaders of this organization purposefully trained and prepared the Kagay-anons mentally and physically. Their main goal was to resist and push back the Americans from entering their town. But there was a setback to their plans as they have realized. Their men had only bolos and some rifles as weapons to fight the Americans. But nevertheless, these were the men who fought in the famous April 7, 1900 battle and that of Macahambus.     The invasion of Cagayan de Oro by the Americans came on 31 March 1900. They first bombarded the town and burned the flag of Macabalan. The fighters of the Tercios Revolucionarios were already prepared and trained even before the invasion came. But they waited until April 7 to attack the Americans. Their army was headed by General Nicolas Capistrano. Originally, they were camped at Gagno plateau at Bukidnon which is located 9km from Cagayan.      The ringing of San Agustin Church’s bell was the go signal for them to attack the Americans when they arrived. The Revolucionarios attacked in a systematized wave. The first wave were men with bolos only as weapons. Then next to them were the riflemen. They were then followed by cavalrymen. Their main plan was to make a sneak attack on the American soldiers. But because some of the macheteros(men with bolos) shouted battle cries, their plan was foiled.     The Americans were quick to react to the battle cries of the natives carrying bolos and so there raged a battle between the well-armed Americans and the Revolucionarios. When Gen. Capistrano realized impending defeat, he ordered for a retreat. The most intense fighting happened in the town’s plaza, which is now called the Gaston Park. But the Kagay-anons stood no chance against the Americans. After an hour they were defeated and the remnants of the Revolucionarios were chased away from the city.     Even with so little hope of winning, the Revolucionarios fought with much valiance. But still they were defeated. When peace returned to Cagayan de Oro, Tirso Neri became its first Mayor. There he ordered the opening of Divisoria.
    If there’s one thing everyone can agree on, it’s the desire to never get sunburn: Your skin becomes red, hot and painful to the touch; plus there’s that icky peel a few days after. Summer is coming… And with it comes the need to be extra prepared. People tend to give so much attention buying that right swimsuit, exercising for that perfect abs, getting rid of some extra flabs, but when it comes to skin care, they just buy anything that has SPF15 on it and slather it all on their faces and skin. Sorry to break it to you, honey, but what’s the point of having rock-hard abs if you don’t know how long you can stay out in the sun before getting toast?       Different types of skin have different ways of care. To know your skin type, we recommend the Fitzpatrick Scale, which is a skin classification system, made by Thomas Fitzpatrick in 1988. Despite it being almost 30 years old, this system is still being used by dermatologists all around. Get your pen and paper ready! Before you hit the beach, save time and money, not to mention your health, by using this easy guide:       Now before I give you some tips in skin care, let’s take note of two very important things to consider:     SPF – means Sun Protection Factor; this indicates how long a sun screen product can protect your skin from ultraviolet rays.     UPV – means Ultraviolet Protection Factor; this indicates how much ultraviolet radiation your clothes’ fabric can absorb. TIPS ON HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR SKIN: 1.    Type I (0-6pts) or “Ivory” This skin type will always burn and never be able to tan in the sun. Without protection, you can only stay out for 5-10 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF 30+ and clothes with UPF 30+, you can stay out for 1-3 hours. 2.    Type II (7-12 pts) or “Beige” This skin type will almost always burn and rarely get a tan in the sun. Without any protection, you can only stay out for 10-20 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF 30+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 3-6 hours. 3.    Type III (13-18 pts) or “Light Brown” This skin type will sometimes burn and tan eventually in the sun. Without any protection, you can only stay out for 10-20 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF 15+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 3-6 hours. 4.    Type IV (19-24 pts) or “Medium Brown” This skin type will lightly burn and always tan well in the sun. Without any protection, you can only stay out for 20-30 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF of 15+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 3-6 hours. 5.    Type V (25-30 pts) or “Dark Brown” This skin type will rarely burn and easily tans in the sun. Without protection, you can only stay out for 40 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF of 15+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 6-10 hours. 6.    Type VI (31+ pts) or “Very Dark Brown” This skin type will never burn but can become deeply pigmented if exposed too much. Without protection, you can only stay out for 60-90 minutes. But with a sunscreen having SPF of 15+ and clothes with UPF 20, you can stay out for 20-30 hours.

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    Nature is indeed full of wonders and humans have not really explored it totally. There are still things that are seemingly odd in nature and there are also some that are quite deceiving. Take for example this Emerald Green Cat that was discovered in a small town in Bulgaria.      The town people and even people from far cities are quite familiar with this seemingly odd creature because of its color. The cat has been spotted walking around the city, it gives the town people the impression that it is a stray and it only gets its food by roaming around the place.      Due to its distinct color and possible breakthrough in the feline world, people from far countries travelled to Bulgaria just to take a closer peek and even take some pictures of it. However, this cat’s stardom started to fade when rainstorms came. Its bright emerald green color slowly faded away when rain started to fall.      It has been found out that the cat got its color from a barrel of paint where it sleeps. Although paints contain toxins that are eventually not good for the health, the cat was actually in good shape all throughout its stardom. With its color fading away, its popularity indeed started to slow down, however its quite noticeable she enjoyed her moment and made the most of it by gaining extra pounds.     
    In the midst of a severe flood happening in Guangxi Zhuang an Autonomous Region in China, a seemingly smiling pig was rescued along with other animals. Netizens were quick to spot the candidness of the pig’s smile while being saved from the flood. The pig seemed calmed and happy that it was rescued and even smiled wonderfully despite being held on its forelegs and ears.      As a usual response by netizens, its picture have been shared a hundred times and made quick rounds in social media all over the world. People were cheering of how this creature just made their days and made them smile right after seeing its picture.     However this pig’s instant stardom was shown not only through likes and shares of her original photo but people did hilarious Photoshop skills to savor the moment. The following are just one of the few photos that instantly became people’s favorite.       
    With today’s trend where direct, private, and instant messages are of great help to people, consumers must be aware in choosing mobile apps especially if it has something to do with your personal info’s such as your contact list where clients, bank accounts and other important stuff are being saved.     Most of the time, mobile apps are being installed because of its popularity. When a wide audience seemed to use it even for just a short time, you should expect for others to try it too without really verifying its security measures.  SARAHAH Honesty App is supposedly an app that can be used in giving feedbacks anonymously. Seems like people nowadays are drawn into intriguing stuff more than ever. However accordingly the app works in such a way that the person who has been rated or given feedback has no way of tracing or replying to it. The creator of the app tend to give its users the chance to leave positive comments or feedbacks as an act of kindness while keeping their identity unknown.      However the entire community has been totally shocked (shookt) when it has been revealed that this app is actually unknowingly stealing your personal details such as your contact list. Aside from stealing, they make use of it by uploading it to their data base and who knows what they could do about it.      Once you installed this app, it will only take them a while to steal your info. Logging out from the app can't make any difference at all. The best thing to do is to never ever install it and be more cautious in choosing an app.   
    In a certain Facebook post by Mark Dianne Duarte, three women are now asking for help from anyone with a good heart to help them with their current situation. The victims are residents of Cabdbaran Agusan del Sur.      With the intent to enhance and beautify themselves, they decided to undergo treatment from a person whom they barely know. The procedure went by injecting some unknown chemicals unto their faces. However instead of having better and beautiful faces, it went really worse and appeared distorted. The three of them have the same reaction with the chemical.     With the help of their friends and families, they are now trying to reach a certain amount in order to help the victims. Aside from the horrible outcome of what happened, the victims are now starting to become ill and are all afraid of what could happen to them if not given the proper care.     Unfortunately, the suspect is now nowhere to be found. The victims were not even aware of the suspect’s whereabouts.     According to the one who posted, a certain media will then cover the story of these women, to inform and especially warn those who would dare to undergo such procedure. The suspect was not a licensed medical professional but because of cheaper rates he managed to convince these ladies to try it all for the aim of becoming beautiful.     
    When you don’t have sweet tooth it is hard to find snacks that can match your low tolerance for sugar. Almost all snacks were made out of sugar, chocolates and other forms of sweeteners. It is the main reason why Skittles stands out from the rest of the group. It is a sweet yet sour candy that comes in a bright rainbow colors. But all of a sudden Skittles became really dull and lost all that rainbow colors.     In an official stamen made by Skittles, they decided to have a different packaging for intended for the entire month of June. As practiced June is the month dedicated for the LGBT community. The LGBT community has the rainbow to represent them because they acknowledged that they are composed of different genders thus constitutes not just a single color but of different colors.      Since the Skittles and the LGBT community share the same kind of color representation, Skittles gladly gave way to the LGBT community. According to them, although the share the same symbol, one has to stand out and celebrate their existence and they give it whole heartedly to the LGBT group.      This is such a remarkable and thoughtful move for Skittles. Although they were branded and known because of their color, they were not afraid to give way to celebrate a significant event for some people. Consumers in return have shown appreciation to what the company did. Their customers admired their sensitive and immediate decision to honor the LGBT community.     Changing brand packaging is a bit risky when it comes to sales and market. Well known and established companies see to it that when they have to change or modify their packaging it needs to be somehow close to the previous design. It is because people shop out of familiarity. When you change your packaging into a totally different concept, chances are your consumers will not be able to recognize your products anymore.      However it is different with the case of Skittles. They dared to risk their sales and their brand in order to commemorate an event. With this making rounds in the internet, Skittles is rest assured that their customers would still remain loyal to them.