The Philippine Independence

    The proclamation of the independence of the Philippines from the grasp of the Spanish colony occurred on June 12, 1898. It was proclaimed in Cavite and was done through the announcement in public of the Act of declaration independence. On that day Emilio Aguinaldo and his revolutionary forces was given the sovereignty of the country.
    The Declaration of Independence by Philippines was not an easy task for the Filipinos. It was a 3 year revolution which began in the year 1896. In those times the Spanish had sealed an agreement with the supporters of the revolution to send Emilio Aguinaldo to Hong Kong as an exile. But the Spanish-American war broke out where the Asiatic Squadron which belonged to the US NAVY sailed to Manila Bay from Hongkong. The fleet was led by Commodore George Dewey. Eventually, they defeated the Spanish through the help of the United States. The victory was declared on May 1, 1898 after the Battle of Manila Bay has decided the defeat of the Spanish colonizers. On the same month Emilio Aguinaldo returned to Philippines escorted by the U.S. Navy.
    The Proclamation ceremony occurred in the afternoon and at the familial house of the Aguinaldo family. Their house was located 30km South from Manila. In the ceremony the Philippine flag was spread out. The national flag was originally made from Hong Kong. The unfurling of the flag was then followed by the Marcha Filipina Magdalo being performed. It became the national anthem of the country and is now called Lupang Hinirang. San Francisco de Malabon was the name of the marching band which performed the anthem. It was all written by Julian Felipe.
    Meanwhile, it was Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista who wrote, prepared and read the Act of the Declaration of Independence. He composed it and read it all in Spanish. About a hundred people signed the Declaration as witnesses to the proclamation. One of them was an American officer who also observed the ceremony. But later on the declaration was modified. Apolinario Mabini insisted upon it and was acted upon by the Malolos congress. They objected for the Philippines to be held under the influence of the United States in return for protection.
    Unfortunately the proclamation had to go through rough times. It was not recognized by the U.S. and Spain. But at the defeat of the Spanish to the Americans, Philippines was yielded to the US as part of the 1898 Treaty of Paris. As a retaliation, the treaty was not recognized by the Philippine Revolutionary Government. This resulted in what is known as the Philippine-American war. But the Philippines lost to the U.S. This happened when the U.S. forces captured Emilio Aguinaldo. Aguinaldo was persuaded then to sign and agree to hand over the sovereignty of the country. On July 2, 1902 it was telegraphed by Elihu Root, U.S. Secretary of War, that all provincial governments were successfully established all over the Philippines. He added that the only exception were those places occupied by the tribes of the Moros. They have been resisting the U.S. forces for a number of years.
    The National Library of Philippines currently houses the Declaration. Just like any other document in the said library, the Declaration requires permission for it to be seen by viewers. It is a series of declarations of independence which consists also of the United Statse Declaration of Independence.

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     Indeed dogs can be your 24/7 companion. They are always available for you and just for you only. There are three things that dogs love. First of course you as its human best friend, be happy because you are on the top of the list. Second, dogs love to play. It is up to you to define how our dogs play, some would enjoy and settle for short walks in the streets or somewhere where he can enjoy his eyes of things he find interesting. Lastly, dogs love to eat!  However although you wanted to share everything to your lovely pet, there are some restrictions that you need to follow in giving your dog some treats.      There are only few people who are not fond of chocolates. In fact almost all would get excited about it. Chocolates come in cakes, drinks, ice-creams and many more. But do you know that your most favorite flavor is actually bad for your dog? You could be torn on which is which, but as long as you will not share your chocolate with your dog, everything will be fine.          So what’s inside this chocolate that it can be bad for dogs yet humans love it so much? Chocolate is extracted from the cocoa fruit. Chocolates contain a certain compound called “Theobromine” which is actually a type of alkaloid. It is somewhat the same with caffeine, both are classified as stimulants. The problem occurs due to the inability of dogs to break this compound. Dogs don’t have the enzyme to metabolize Theobromine thus it stays within the dogs system and becomes toxic. Since it is considered as a stimulant, it affects the central nervous system (CNS) of your dog, causing increase in the level of blood pressure. This will then result to rapid heart rate, seizure, and vomiting, frequent urination, muscle twitching, hyperactive behavior, dehydration and many more. With all of these complications it can certainly put the dog into a fatal condition. In more of common terms, people would say that dogs are allergic to chocolates, dogs are not allergic to chocolates but chocolates are bad for them because there is no way for them to metabolize it.      Moreover the amount of chocolates that can cause those complications mentioned above will actually depend on the size of your dog. Larger dogs may have a much higher tolerance with the toxicity of the compound. Meanwhile the small ones may are more likely to react even in small amount of chocolates. Before thinking of giving your dog some of your favorite sweets, think a thousand times before doing so. You are risking your dog’s life because of your inappropriate thoughts.
    Nowadays people are very much dependent with the internet. Being online 24/7 is slowly becoming a norm and obviously people are into it for several reasons. Majority of people choose to stay online because of social media such as Facebook, Instagram, meanwhile others are using it as their bread and butter. It is undeniably true that the internet can actually help you generate funds as long as you have the skills and you make use of it. However, what if you don’t have any knowledge about programming, web designing etc.? Anyone can actually become an online worker. It is not limited to those who know such skills. There are varieties of work available online that doesn’t require you to be a pro.      Here are the lists of the most in-demand online jobs that do not require special skills.     Article writer, content writer, blogger. It is the most common and very basic type of job that you can find online. The thing about article writers is that it has always been available since the very day it started. Every website that relies on Google AdSense for monetary gain is required to have quality articles. Google have high standards when it comes to content. It bans websites with less articles or content. Google AdSense has been known to also have high rates when it comes to funds, one great reason why almost all who would want to gain money from websites chose AdSense as their provider. Article writers are usually paid according to the number of articles finished. Also, it is very important to create your own article and refrain from copying contents because it can be monitored by employers by simply using software such as copyscape. It checks your article for possible duplicate and it can also locate where you copied a certain portion of your content.      Online Tutor. If you speak good English and have great internet speed at home, you will most likely encounter offers of being an online tutor. Rates are per hour and this became really popular nowadays because it does not require too much of your energy as long as you have the patience in guiding your student. Also, online tutors are for one on one basis only. It means you will just have to focus on a single student every session. The clients are mostly from Japan, Korea, Singapore and other Asian countries whose first language is not English. Also, you can choose whether you want to have a video or just an audio session. There are several companies that are hiring every now and then because demands for this job are quite high.      Data Entry. Have you ever came across with captchas online? These are figures in the form of numbers or letters that you are required to type in during verification process every time you sign up for a new website. However unlike the first two options above, this one here is not for free. This requires you to pay P600 as membership fee. Upon payment you will then have access to their system, including the software that you will use. The software will be the one to generate the captcha that you have to encode. You will be paid according to the number of captchas that you can generate and encode. The best thing here is that you don’t have any employers and deadlines to meet. You can make use of it anytime you want. Your salary will surely depend on how eager you are to work. 
    The Black Nazarene has many names. In Spanish it is called the Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno. In Filipino it is known as Mahal na Itim na Nazareno or Itim na Nazareno. But its formal name in English is “Our Father Jesus Nazarene”. The black Nazarene is wooden sculpture of Jesus Christ. It is a life-sized figure carrying the cross. Filipino Catholics believe the wooden figure to be possessed with miraculous nature. In the beginning the Black Nazarene had a fair complexion. But because of a fire that burned the ship it was carried on, it turned black. Luckily, the sculpture survived. The sculptor of the image has always been unanimous. According to history, it was brought to Manila from Acapulco, Mexico via a galleon ship.      Originally, the Black Nazarene had an identical twin sculpture which was brought to Manila. This is found in the Intramuros district church records. It is said that the first one kept in Bagumbayan’s San Nicolas de Tolentino church before it was transferred to Intramuros. Unfortunately the Battle of Manila in 1945 destroyed this first image of the Black Nazarene when a bomb hit it. By then, the other sculpture was placed in the Quiapo church where some people thought it to be the original one. In the year 1650 Pope Innocent X gave his approval of the Black Nazarene for veneration as Sacramental. He also gave the permission to the Confraternity of the Most Holy Jesus Nazarene.      Filipino Catholics and those who relate to the Passion of Christ venerate the Black Nazarene. Most of them would relate their hardships to the struggles that were experienced by Jesus himself such the one presented in the image of the statue. Devotees clap their hands after the offering of mass at the shrine as a sign of homage.      Three processions take place each year when the Black Nazarene is taken out for veneration. The procession takes place on New Year’s Day, January 9 and Good Friday. January 9 processions commemorate the transferring of the Nazarene to Quiapo church. On that day, the image is carried out to the street in a carriage called the “andas” which means “to go forward” in Spanish. The devotees would walk barefoot and wear maroon colored clothes as an act of reminiscing Jesus when he went to Mount Calvary. The carriage is tied with a rope which men would pull. In the past only men were allowed to pull the ropes but recently female devotees joined in the act. The Catholics would touch the image hoping for a miracle to happen. Some people allegedly have even been reported to have had their diseases cured after contact with the Nazarene. Because of this, desperate devotees who can’t get near the statue would throw their towels at the guards requesting them to rub it on the image hoping that its miracles would rub in the cloth. The procession of the Black Nazarene on feast day is known to be a fatal one because of the heat, fatigue and the massive numbers of devotees reaching to millions.     Fortunately, when the number of devotees rose to 8 million, the route on the 9th January was altered to a much wider street located at the Quirino Grandstand in Rizal Park. This is also the first place where the Nazarene was enshrined. At the end of the day, the statue is returned to the church. In contrast to this veneration, the other two commemoration of the Black Nazarene on New Year’s Day and Good Friday is a solemn one.
    The word Bajau is a collective term for indigenous groups of people. These groups have also blended with the culture of the Sana which is why they are called the Sama-Bajau. In history the term Sama describes indigenous people who live more in areas of land. On the other hand the term Bajau is used for ethnic groups residing near the seas or on seas or those who dwell in boats.      The Badjau People or also called the Sama or Samal are indigenous ethnic groups found in Maritime Southeast Asia. They live mainly on the seas using wooden boats like the Vintas. This ethnic group originally came from the Sulu Archipelago. They also lived in some areas of Mindanao and northern Borneo. For half a century though, the Badjaus have been migrating to neighboring countries and also in the northern Philippines. This is due to the ongoing conflicts in the ARMM ( Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao). At present the Badjaus are considered to be one of the largest ethnic groups in Sabah. They make up almost 15% of the state’s population. These people have also migrated in Indonesia but the number of their population remains unanimous. The Bajau were sometimes associated with other ethnic groups of similar lifestyles. They have been called Sea Gypsies. The outward spreading of the Bajau from their old homes to other countries wasalso associated with the development of sea trade in modern times.     The origin of the term Bajau was never clarified. It is generally used to describe or call these ethnic groups. Ironically, they themselves never used the term Bajaus to describe themselves. They would call themselves according to their tribe’s names, the place they live in or where they came from. But even so these people share the same some of their vocabularies and bodily features. That is why agree with being called Bajaus in general.     As a large ethnic group, the Bajaus have subgroups within themselves. And although they share some genetic characteristics and parts of their vocabularies, each of their groups had their own unique languages and traditions. However, some of these subgroups are able to understand the others’ languages. The Simunul for example, which are found in Sabah are able to communicate with other Bajaus using the Tausug language.      There are numerous subgroups comprising the Bajaus. The UbianBajaus are the first of these groups. They are originally from the island of South Ubian located in Tawi-Tawi of the Philippines. In Sabah they are considered to be the largest group of Bajaus. They live in minorities around the Kudat and Semporna Towns in Sabah, Malaysia. The Bannaran is another subgroup which originated also in Tawi-Tawi but on the Bannaran Island. They are also found Kudat and Semporna. The SamalBajaus is another group originating from the coasts of Sabah. But many of them have migrated north up to the Visayas and southern Luzon islands.     The Bajau people vary in their religious beliefs as well as their cultures. Their faiths include the strict Sunni Islam, folk islam and then there are others who are dedicated to ancestor worship. A minority of them are Christians too.
    The Baclayon Church is considered to be one of the oldest churches in the Philippines. It is also one of the most preserved Jesuit churches in the country. It stands today with the same materials that it was made of since the beginning except for a few additions of modern façade and stone buildings. Square blocks cut from coral stones make up most of the figure of the church. The native laborers carried them from the sea using bamboo. They then used this bamboo to carry the corals and piled it on top of each other. They also used egg whites as cement to hold the blocks together.     Spanish priests Juan de Torres and Gabriel Sanchez first came into Baclayon in 1595 from Cebu City. Their people erected a visita immediately after their arrival. This is because the priests realized that there was no decent place to celebrate the Mass. The church in the beginning of its construction was made from bamboo. But because of their Moro enemies, the building has to be stopped. They moved their headquarters to Loboc and the construction of the church was commenced only in 1717. The building of the church was then completed in 1727. In 1835 the large bell was installed in the building.     Inside the church are green gilded altars. During the 18th century their versions of Baroque were very popular. The interior of the church also displays a retablo. This retablo shows the images of the saints of Recollect devotion. But still it is traced back to the Jesuits because the motto “ Ad majorem Dei gloriam” is surmounted in the main altar. The builders of the church also carved two benches in the nave on low relief. Also, the painting of Ascension could be found in that nave along with that of Church Fathers and San Vicente Ferrer.      The church is filled with valuable relics from the 19th century. A pipe organ which is now in bad shape still remains to be seen inside. Even the designs of the choir and organ loft are cut with decorations of the past. The stucco finish painting though of the church contrasts the style of the interior. The church also has a jail behind it where people were punished for violating the Catholic rules.      Outside and near the church is an old convent. It has a small museum inside it which contains antiques that date back to the 16th century. These collections include important figures such as the ivory statue of Christ, the statue of Blessed Virgin, relics of St. Ignatius and paintings by the Filipino painter Gatchalian.     The trend of churches containing museums that kept lots of important relics to the Christian faith started in Baclayon. It has been declared as National Historic Treasure because of its superb preservation making it the second oldest church in the Philippines. Aside from its age, the structure and design being a product of the Spanish Colonial architecture projects a fascinating view. Thousands of visitors and tourists visit the church every year because of its rich historical background and relics.

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    Remember the good all days when Nokia 3315 dominated the cellular brands available in the market? It has been the most popular and famous brand for cellular devices. Before mobile devices came in, it was first cellular devices and during that time Nokia has been occupying a great spot as the people’s number one choice.      However despite the popularity and the trusted reputation, Nokia faced a catastrophic event. During the release of mobile devices powered by android and ios, nokia wasn’t able to come up right away with their own version of android phone. Instead of getting along with the trend Nokia took the risk of partnering with Windows. The partnership gave birth to Nokia Lumia, also known as the Window’s Phone. Despite the name and the fresh approach, the new windows phone did not manage to attract more customers since it was launched. It was close to being failure since almost all users prefer using android devices rather than have it on windows.      For quite some time, Nokia remained silent about its attempt to match the release of android phones. Some people are even thinking what happened to this company. Nokia has indeed made a legacy. Now that the contract of the partnership between Nokia and Microsoft is finally over, Nokia is now launching its comeback with Nokia 6.     Last January 19, 2017 the company finally launched their mobile android device, the Nokia 6. Although this device will be launched exclusively in China as of the moment, people all over the world are very much excited for the comeback. But how excited should the people be with the specs of this new device?     Everybody should be excited because Nokia 6 has amazing specs that can be compared with Samsung and Apple’s most popular devices. Aside from the monster specs, people are very surprised to have it in a very affordable price. It is 70% cheaper compared to Apple’s Iphone 7 and Samsung’s S8. Just imagine having this kind of specs in a market price.     There is no wonder why it was sold out just a minute after its first launching in China. Although there are no reviews yet about this device people are positively anticipating that this is the thing that they have been waiting for. Everyone is wishing for this device to be available in their country or if not, Nokia will create a device that will be available all over the world.      There are also rumors that Nokia, in partnership with HMD Global will release two android mobile devices this year. And Nokia 6 is just the start of their comeback. The public are now waiting if Nokia will try to match the release date of Apple’s Iphone and Samsung’s S series. This will be an exciting year indeed. If you have plans of getting a new mobile device this year, you should watch out because a new competitive brand is going to make rounds for sure.   
    Losing weight has been one of the most anticipated topics for quite a while now. People are very much eager to lose weight and to obtain a physically fit body. Being slim and thin is now the new standard of beauty, which is the main reason why almost everyone are trying really hard to at least lower down those unwanted fats. The best and most effective way to lose weight is to have a daily exercise and to eat healthy foods that are enough to sustain the body’s need for energy. But people are too busy and lazy to do both.      It is undeniably true that people nowadays would love to eat and eat and wish not to gain weight at all. However it will never happen to most people. There are some though who don’t have any problems of gaining weight because of their metabolism.  But majority of people will pay price of eating too much and absolutely gaining too much weight. People are now trying their very best to finds the easiest yet the most effective way to lose weight. There are supplements, food suppressants, even coffee mix especially made to lose weight. To add to these is the discovery of rice corn.     Corn is known to be a good source of carbohydrates and even rich in minerals and vitamins. However although it is rich in carbohydrates it can actually help people lose weight especially if you are the type of person who often have carbs on their meals. Filipinos are rice eaters. It is hard for one to live on bread alone and that is for sure. If you rely heavily on rice or on carbohydrates it is best to replace rice with rice corn instead.      Rice corn might be effective to help you lose weight since it is has the most number of fiber among other grains. Aside from being fiber-rich, rice corn is more compact compared to rice. It means you only need a little serving for you to get full. Also it takes time before your stomach could actually digest corn because of its compact nature that is why it will also take time before you can feel hunger once again. Corn has less sugar compared to rice. It is one of the biggest assets of rice corn eaters. Carbohydrates, fats, and sugar are the three things you don’t want to accumulate in your diet if you want to achieve a lean and sexy body. Although corn contains carbs, you will be taking it in minimum amount since it is more compact compared to white rice.     Everybody is looking for different ways to lose weight. The best thing to do is to acquire discipline first and then look for ways appropriate for your body build. Not all dietary supplements are effective. Some would depend mainly on the body’s mechanism in losing weight!     
    Taking a bath is a necessity for any person. Taking baths regularly have great effects on the body especially when it comes to proper hygiene.  Washing your body removes dirt and even germs that may cause skin irritation and other forms of ailments. However there are also concerns when it comes to taking baths such as the drying of skin. What actually makes the skin dry and how can it be prevented?      Having a glowing and fully nourished skin is such an asset. It shows how healthy a person is and how he or she takes good care of his or her body. Of course dull and dry skin is not an indication of a healthy lifestyle. It can make a person look older than they seem. Taking baths regularly can indeed make your skin dry because it also removes the moisture within your skin. However choosing between soap or body bar and body wash can actually solve your problem.     Body bars or beauty bars are among the oldest and the traditional products used during bath time. It has been present even centuries ago. It is convenient to use and comes in affordable prices. Several variants of soap have been already produced to cater the needs of every person. There are beauty bars made especially for people having sensitive skin. These are often termed mas hypo allergenic products. With the convenience of using beauty bars, is there something special about body wash that can actually change the minds of the people who have been used to soaps.      Unlike beauty bars, body wash or shower gels are actually great if you have dry skin problems. The chemical components used in making shower gels are lighter and more delicate compared to those of beauty bars. This is the main reason why shower gels can totally moisturize your skin even if you use it every day. Although beauty bars have been present for ages, shower gels have its benefits that any person would surely consider.      A body wash unlike soap can be stored in a pump-type container making it really handy. Its scent stays longer in your skin unlike soap does. It produces more amount of lather, making you enjoy your bath more. It moisturizes your skin and it also comes in different variants depending on use. It is not that expensive and it can be bought in any supermarket stores just like soaps. Unlike soap it does not have any residues that can actually make your skin flaky.   
    If you are fond of shopping online for sure you have come across posts or pages selling bags, shoes, jewelries, cosmetics and other sort of trendy things. These items became really salable because sellers would claim that they have way cheaper prices compared to those items sold in malls. A buyer with a limited amount of money would sure go for a budget-friendly deal believing that he or she would get the same item being sold in malls. Other seller would even label their products as “authentic overruns” or “original overruns”.      What else should a buyer know if an item is labeled as an authentic overrun aside from the lower price it has? The truth is there is actually no such thing as “authentic overrun”. It’s just between an original one and a fake one. Yes, overruns are considered fake or counterfeit products. In support to the overrun claim, others would say that the products they are selling did not match or pass the quality standards and so they are being sold in cheaper prices. These products are still made from the original material but has some sort of imperfections and are not included in items delivered in malls and other authorized distributors. This claim sounds really convincing right?      In counterfeit items or imitations there are still classifications in terms of quality. The one considered to be the closest to the original is called an overrun, next is a replica, and it is followed by class A, class B and so on. There are some items that are really sturdy and have great quality, almost the same with the original. The price difference does matter, and if you are going to conduct a research, almost all online stores have the same price range for items. This means, their products came from the same source or the supplier for these items is the same.      There is nothing wrong in buying these kinds of stuff, who would want to spend more money if can spend less and have the item that you really like? However it is best to know the value of what you are buying for. Don’t get fooled by those sellers telling you that they are selling original items. Also, the price range for overrun items are almost the same, so don’t get fooled if you saw an item that you like in a much higher price compared to what you saw, thinking that, that  must be the original one. If the price is 50%-70% lower compared to malls, then it must have been an overrun or a replica.   
    Nowadays, people are becoming busier with their work and other sorts of responsibilities. When you have just started working, chances are you spend majority of your time working and earning a living. But it is also important to distress yourself from so much stress from the demands of your work. But how can you do it if you have very limited time left to enjoy? Food has been one of the key comforts of the people at this present time.      Wherever and whenever you go to a certain restaurant you will surely get to see a chicken on their menu. Chicken is served in all restaurants, of course except for vegans. It is one of the most handy to cook among all other meat. You can have it fried, serve it in salads, or have it as a soup and even in barbecues. People consume chicken as much as they consume rice. Aside from being versatile in terms of recipes, chicken can be cooked easily. Most of the chicken recipes do not require too much time in terms of preparation. Also, it is always available in the market, rain or shine. It is available whole year round. It doesn’t have to depend on any season at all.     Almost all are eating chicken but do you know or have you already asked yourself on which is the healthiest part of the chicken? In terms of being healthy, the breast part would surely take the win. Why it is considered to be the healthiest has something to do with its structure and component. Unlike other chicken parts, the breast is mainly composed of lean meat. It does not have any extra fat and is a good source of protein. It isn’t difficult to prepare and require little or less time compared to other parts because it does not have bones at all. Although the breast may seem not that appealing it is the healthiest part of the chicken. It is best for those who are on their diet. You will not feel guilty at all after consuming a whole chicken breast.      Now for the tastiest part, it is none other than the thighs. The drumstick is indeed popular but the thighs have tastier meat. The wings might also be a good appetizer however it contains less meat compared to the thighs, making it as appetizer but not the main dish. Chicken thighs have tastier and juicer meat compared to all others. It has the right amount of meat and it has bones to give it enough structure and for you to bite on.      However if you are a drumstick person then go for it, choose the one that makes you happy. If you are conscious with your diet then go for the breast part. In the end, it will depend on your own preference. Rest, assured that your chicken will always be there for you no matter what.