Dagohoy Revolution - Philippines’ Longest Revolt

    One of the most famous revolts in the Philippines is called the Dagohoy Revolution or also known as the Dagohoy Revolt. It is famous in Philippine history for being the longest of its kind. The rebellion was led by Francisco Sendrijas or better known as Francisco Dagohoy. The revolt happened in Bohol and lasted for 85 years from 1744 to 1829. It occurred in the Spanish era. The Dagohoy revolt was a sequel to a prior rebellion known as the Tamblot uprising which was headed by Tamblot in 1621. But the Tamblot revolution was a religious one because it was led by a native priest.
    The Dagohoy revolution was unlike the Tamblot revolution. It was not a spiritual rebellion but a conflict which was a retaliation to oppression, forced labor and too much tax collection and requests for tribute payments. To make matters worse, it was the Jesuit priests who headed these abuses.
    In the year 1744, Bohol was prepared for another fight against Spain because of its oppression. In the same yearm a Jesuit priest called Gaspar Morales commanded a constable named Sagarino to hunt a man guilty of abandoning Christianity. When the constable caught the man, the fugitive murdered him. When Sagarino was found he was brought to Morales for a Christian burial. But the priest refused to give it to him because according to the Church at that time, death by duel was banned from rights to a Christian burial.
    The brother of Sagarino was Francisco Dagohoy. He was furious when he heard of the news and searched and found his brother’s body. He then went to Morales and persuaded him to give his brother a proper Christian burial. But the priest denied him saying that Sagarino did not deserve it for dying in a duel. What made it worse was when the priest ordered for Sagarino’s corpse to be exposed in Inabanga for three days until it rots.
    This was the final straw to the Dagohoy revolution. It was Jesuits’ refusal to offer Christian’s brothers a burial even when the dead person died in service by chasing fugitives who fought Christianity. Because of this Dagohoy called on his fellow Boholanos to gather and fight against the oppressions. Spanish Governors and missions were outlasted by this rebellion.
    Today, the Dagohoy Rebellion is featured in Bohol’s provincial flag showing two bolos or the country’s native swords with hand guards drawn on top of them. The Dagohoy Revolution represents one of the swords while the Tamblot represents the other. It is a symbol that says that Boholanos would always rise and fight the oppressors whoever they may be.
    To honor Franscisco, one of the towns in Bohol was named Dagohoy after him. The name was proposed by Carlos P. Garcia who was a former Vice President of the country. Francisco Dagohoy is considered as a Boholano hero.

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It’s summer time! And what better way to enjoy the season than a walk on the beach with family and friends. But where would be the perfect spot to go to? In the Philippines, you don’t just get to choose from a thousand and one islands, make that 7,107! As the Philippines Department of Tourism has said, IT’S MORE FUN IN THE PHILIPPINES! We’ll help you narrow down your choices by sharing with you the top 3 beaches to visit (this is done in no particular order): 1.    EL NIDO, PALAWAN Philippines has a lot of reasons to be proud of; El Nido is one of them, having been awarded by CNN International as “The Best Beach and Island Destination in the Philippines” in the year 2012 and yet again in 2016. Also it’s one of Hollywood’s favorite places; did you know that the final movie for the “Bourne” series was filmed there? Also it became one of the pit stops on “the Amazing Race”. Overall, what makes El Nido special is because of its beautiful views and sceneries. With its extraordinary ecosystem, beautiful forests, prehistoric caves and majestic waterfalls, secret lagoons and beaches, rich abundant sea life, plentiful different bird species, it’s a heaven and haven for adventurers all around. Did I mention it is even has about 50 white sand beaches and three marine habitats? 2.    BORACAY, AKLAN  Boracay, the “blessed island”, is one of the most well-known beach destinations here in the Philippines. with its 4 kilometer stretch and over 350 resorts and 2,000 rooms to accommodate guests, tourists of all shape and sizes flock together to enjoy its white sand beaches. During the day time, why not explore the bars, restaurants, resorts, hotels, malls, and even spa massage stations. Wear your trusty snorkels and go scuba diving and snorkeling to appreciate the aquatic life. At night, the place is transformed as candlelit sand castles take center place, with gorgeous nightlong clubs and pubs. In summer time, try to partake in the International Funboard Cup. It’s a celebration where you get to watch or join several hundreds of kite-boarders and windsurfers.   3.    CORON, PALAWAN Palawan, also known as “the City of Gods”, offers yet another beautiful beach resort. Coron Island has been listed as one of the top 10 best scuba diving sites in the whole world by Forbes Travel Magazine. It also boasts of having seven mountain lakes, white sand beaches, crystal clear lagoons, and limestone cliffs. Another thing that makes this place stand out is the chance to explore some Japanese shipwrecks from World War II.
    With today’s latest inventions and discoveries, it’s hard to tell what science cannot do. Mankind surely would benefit from all of these researches and breakthroughs especially when it comes to the medical field. Humans are really taking a good shot in looking for answers or cure to life threatening diseases and even ways on how to lengthen the human life. One of the most controversial medical proposals ever made for the 2017 is the head transplant procedure.     Although the idea of head transplant started few years ago, it is expected to happen later this year or early on next year. Doctors behind this procedure were composed of a team of neurosurgeons headed by Sergio Canavero. Aside from the team he is also working in collaboration with another neurosurgeon from Harbin Medical University of China, Xiaoping Ren.      The head transplant procedure made in rodents was reportedly successful. According to the neurosurgeons, it required them to use three rodents to carry out the procedure. One rodent’s head was transferred to another rodent. The last rodent was then used as to supply blood during the procedure. Positive results were taken and that the transplanted head perfectly work and showed normal brain activity while being attached to a larger rodent.     The procedure was also tested in other animals aside from rats, such as monkeys and rabbits. This was also done in humans using corpses. According to Dr. Canavero, all procedures carried out promising and feasible results. The surgeon is making sure that the human head transplant will successfully happen later this year. They already have chosen the persons who will undergo such procedure but to choose not to reveal the identity of the persons involved. The only known detail is that they came from China.      Hearing this kind of information, will it ever happen and is it really ethical to conduct such procedure on humans. Although several organ transplants were already done in the history, this one is somewhat an exemption. Several groups were not in favor with the vision of the Italian Surgeon because he personally announced and release journals about this procedure without even consulting the American Association for Neurological Surgeons. Even the president of the association condemned him for conducting such procedure which should first undergo to series of assessment before publishing it.     Dr canavero and his team was able to carry out the procedure without any delay because they were financially supported by several groups who share the same visions with them. The mere idea of this method is purely morbid and it’s quite surprising how this neurosurgeon is able to make it happen in no time without any restraint.      How far can science actually go? Although doing this could be beneficial to humans, it is selectively beneficial because not all will benefit from this. There are already cases of organ trafficking, think of how deadly this can actually go?  
    As a responsible pet owner it is one’s duty to provide all their needs and other necessary medication such as vaccines. It is important to keep their vaccines complete and updated to protect them from potential harm like diseases caused by viruses. But what if your pet died not because you neglect to have it vaccinated but because you were able to complete the vaccine series instead?     It is so heartbreaking for owners to lose their pets when all they did was to comply with what their Vets are telling them. Giving vaccines isn’t as simple as it appears to be. There are things that you need to consider before giving one because it can actually kill your pets instead of protecting them. Vaccinosis is the extreme reaction of vaccine to the dog’s system that usually takes in different forms. The reaction can be as simple as lethargy and a lump on the site of the vaccination and it can go as lethal in the form of anaphylactic shock that usually leads to death.      Puppies of small breeds should not be given its 5in1 vaccine together with the Anti-Rabies vaccine regardless of its age. The Anti-Rabies vaccine is usually given when the puppy is at least 3 months of age. However it should not be given together with the 5in1 vaccine because the puppy’s body might not be able to endure it. The most painful thing about Vaccinosis and anaphylactic shock is that it doesn’t have any forms of symptoms at all. It just happens all of a sudden. Some reactions would occur right away and some may take days or even months before surfacing.      However a very distinct reaction should alert the owners that the vaccination process is something beyond the normal level. When the lump on the vaccination site bursts it means there is really something wrong happening inside your pet’s body. If your Vet tells you to schedule your dog for the two vaccines mentioned earlier and that it should be administered at once, don’t allow it. Although Vaccinosis happens in case to case basis because there are dogs that are more sensitive than the others, it is better to keep in mind that injecting live organisms in the form of vaccines inside a puppy’s body is highly risky. Although it may take more visits to the clinic instead of having it at once, just think of your dogs healthy over your convenience. 
The human body like any animal has its own unique smell similar to pheromones that animals release in certain period of time. Pheromones are like signal to attract other animals during mating season. It helps animals locate their future mates and establish territory. However eliciting a certain smell may not be that suitable for humans. We don’t need to give off smell to attract other humans because we are capable of communicating with each other. Having a certain kind of body odor is highly embarrassing since it can turn people away. Nobody likes to stay with someone with body odor. Every person has his or her own distinct smell due to diet, lifestyle and even genetics. The good thing is that it can be treated and staying fresh all day won’t be your problem at all. Others would turn to colognes, body mists, perfumes and the likes, thinking that it can help mask their smell. These products may not actually help because by mere masking body odor, it means it is still present in your system. Usually when the body warms up or sweats the stronger the odor. Body odor problems are actually caused by bacteria present in the body. They often love to live on the warm and sweaty areas of body such as the armpits.   Taking baths regularly. The best thing to fight body odor is to eliminate the source which is the bacteria. Taking a bath every day is one of the best ways to solve this problem. It cleanses the body from dirt, sweat and other forms of bacteria. It adds moisture to the kitchen which is needed in order for the skin to remain healthy. Observe proper hygiene. Aside from taking baths regularly, it is also important to use products that can help in maintaining your hygiene. It is best to use deodorant and soap with anti-bacterial formula. By doing so, you are assured that your body is protected from harmful causing agents. Observe your diet. The source of body odor is from the food you eat. It is actually possible to acquire body odor from constantly eating foods that have strong smell such as onions and other spices. Discuss it with your family. There are several cases of body odor caused by genetics. If you have someone in your family who have body odor problems, chances are you might also develop one. Also, it is advisable not to borrow clothes or use clothing from a person with body order since bacteria remains in clothes and can be transferred when worn by another person especially if such clothes were not washed and dried properly.
    Birth order has been known to have a significant influence on a person’s personality. In fact a prominent and well known psychologist coined the theory about birth order. It was Alfred Adler’s work that lead other psychologists to consider how such event can partly affect and help in predicting a person’s overall personality.     In his theory of birth order however, a specific position have shown great crisis in terms of dealing with the demands of that particular order. The middle child is considered to be someone who is in between the eldest and the youngest child being born. The middle child has an elder sibling to compete with in terms of achievement and trust from parents, as well as control over the other siblings. At the same time the middle child needs to face the unfortunate reality that although he or she had enjoyed a moment of being the youngest it did not last long prior to the birth of a sibling. Now the youngest child enjoys all the attention and care that was supposedly given to the middle child.     It is quite a difficult task to stay on the middle. The eldest becomes busy with responsibilities entrusted by the parents, thus the eldest won’t mind not being their parents’ favorite because he or she was given a task or responsibility that needs to be fulfilled. In a way, the eldest child feels empowerment and develops control over his or her younger siblings. As a result, a middle child develop unique character traits in order to cope with the crisis of being caught in the middle. Commonly, they become secretive in nature. They naturally have high trust issues. The always strive to please everybody so that they can be noticed by their parents.      By staying in the middle, the child becomes a good mediator. After all it is an advantage to be on the both sides. It is like being the best of both worlds. The term middle child syndrome was a sort of adaptation to the crisis that child who falls under that particular order has to face. It’s considered a syndrome for some because most of the time middle kids have the same sentiments with one another.      Although Alfred Adler’s theory were postulated years ago it is still present up to this point. Certain modern psychologists have adopted his concept of birth order and how it pays a crucial role in the development of one’s personality.  

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    When you don’t have sweet tooth it is hard to find snacks that can match your low tolerance for sugar. Almost all snacks were made out of sugar, chocolates and other forms of sweeteners. It is the main reason why Skittles stands out from the rest of the group. It is a sweet yet sour candy that comes in a bright rainbow colors. But all of a sudden Skittles became really dull and lost all that rainbow colors.     In an official stamen made by Skittles, they decided to have a different packaging for intended for the entire month of June. As practiced June is the month dedicated for the LGBT community. The LGBT community has the rainbow to represent them because they acknowledged that they are composed of different genders thus constitutes not just a single color but of different colors.      Since the Skittles and the LGBT community share the same kind of color representation, Skittles gladly gave way to the LGBT community. According to them, although the share the same symbol, one has to stand out and celebrate their existence and they give it whole heartedly to the LGBT group.      This is such a remarkable and thoughtful move for Skittles. Although they were branded and known because of their color, they were not afraid to give way to celebrate a significant event for some people. Consumers in return have shown appreciation to what the company did. Their customers admired their sensitive and immediate decision to honor the LGBT community.     Changing brand packaging is a bit risky when it comes to sales and market. Well known and established companies see to it that when they have to change or modify their packaging it needs to be somehow close to the previous design. It is because people shop out of familiarity. When you change your packaging into a totally different concept, chances are your consumers will not be able to recognize your products anymore.      However it is different with the case of Skittles. They dared to risk their sales and their brand in order to commemorate an event. With this making rounds in the internet, Skittles is rest assured that their customers would still remain loyal to them.   
    Birth order has been known to have a significant influence on a person’s personality. In fact a prominent and well known psychologist coined the theory about birth order. It was Alfred Adler’s work that lead other psychologists to consider how such event can partly affect and help in predicting a person’s overall personality.     In his theory of birth order however, a specific position have shown great crisis in terms of dealing with the demands of that particular order. The middle child is considered to be someone who is in between the eldest and the youngest child being born. The middle child has an elder sibling to compete with in terms of achievement and trust from parents, as well as control over the other siblings. At the same time the middle child needs to face the unfortunate reality that although he or she had enjoyed a moment of being the youngest it did not last long prior to the birth of a sibling. Now the youngest child enjoys all the attention and care that was supposedly given to the middle child.     It is quite a difficult task to stay on the middle. The eldest becomes busy with responsibilities entrusted by the parents, thus the eldest won’t mind not being their parents’ favorite because he or she was given a task or responsibility that needs to be fulfilled. In a way, the eldest child feels empowerment and develops control over his or her younger siblings. As a result, a middle child develop unique character traits in order to cope with the crisis of being caught in the middle. Commonly, they become secretive in nature. They naturally have high trust issues. The always strive to please everybody so that they can be noticed by their parents.      By staying in the middle, the child becomes a good mediator. After all it is an advantage to be on the both sides. It is like being the best of both worlds. The term middle child syndrome was a sort of adaptation to the crisis that child who falls under that particular order has to face. It’s considered a syndrome for some because most of the time middle kids have the same sentiments with one another.      Although Alfred Adler’s theory were postulated years ago it is still present up to this point. Certain modern psychologists have adopted his concept of birth order and how it pays a crucial role in the development of one’s personality.  
    If you are reading this then you are most likely a middle child who is looking for confirmation that you really feel special because of your controversial birth order. Although less attention is given to middle children during child rearing, middle children became an interesting target for research because of their complicated situation. Children who were born on such order have great qualities especially when it comes to coping and socialization. But what are the most common traits that makes up a middle child? Here is the list: 1.    A part of you will always feel that nobody cares about you – it is the most fundamental feeling that the middle children share. It starts when you just don’t know who or what you should be. The parents are busy making your older sibling responsible and at the same time they are busy looking after and enjoying your younger sibling.  2.    You were used to being alone but you are not even sad about it – although not all middle children are introverts, there is a strong force that pushes a middle child to enjoy a moment of himself or herself to meditate or to think of plans especially when a decision has to be made.  3.     You talk to yourself vocally – although it wasn’t intentional, most middle kids were not given the chance to voice out their opinion because it is the job of the older sibling and such decisions are actually made for the benefit of the youngest child. In a way, middle children have been used to voice out their thoughts to their selves alone. They do it because they actually value listening to opinion since they weren’t given that chance when they were young. 4.     You always think that you are not your parents’ favorite – parental biases will always take place no matter how many times parents say that they don’t have favoritism among their children. Meanwhile, the middles would voluntarily take the place of not being the favorite child or the less appreciated one because they have been used to sacrifice  ever since they became a middle child. 5.    It always comes to you to consider other people’s feelings before you make any decision – although this may sound too kind this is actually true for almost all middle kids. Since they were used to get caught in the middle they learned how it feels to be on top of someone and at the same time find themselves in the bottom.  6.     You feel a bit distant and secretive to your own family – this is a thing that only middle children could understand. It may sound rebellious but it is not. Since they were used being left behind or that their opinions don’t really matter at all, they become cautious in opening up or trusting a family member.     
    The primary instincts of humans is to survive. However aside from the goal of surviving humans are also born to appreciate art. Although art may seem not a necessity because a human being can survive without it, art is something that makes a person able to survive while staying sane. Art is not limited to paintings or drawings, music is considered as an art and even language. Humans are born to be artistic creatures and it is exciting to know that art is limitless and it can never be stopped. It is immortal and it will always be. One of the ultimate representation of art is having a tattoo. But is tattoo a form or art and expression or it is just a form of style?     Getting inked isn’t simple as it seems. Your body will become the perfect canvas for this art, thus it is important to carefully think about your purpose and the design that you wished to have. Also the pain while getting inked is not a joke. And, tattoo artists need to be very precise when they are doing their job. It is why tattoo artists deserve such high respect among other artists.      While many people could not understand why some would want to “stain” their bodies like they always think of, having a tattoo constitute to something deeper than just a fashion statement. It is quite hard to be judged once you have tattoos in your body. The society has this idea that once you have one in your body you are either an ex-convict, drug addict, a member of a gang, a prostitute and so much more. People with tattoos were even branded not to have good jobs. Tattoos are often objectified as a good for nothing art.      Having a tattoo is not equivalent to committing a crime but some people don’t make any distinction to it. People should then realize that art can take different forms, if they learned to appreciate music then tattoos deserve that chance too.      People who would want to get inked are ordinary people with bigger appreciation for art. They are the ones who are not afraid to be judged by other people. They are not ashamed of expressing who they are and they are proud of having it inked on their bodies. Having a tattoo does not mean you are destroying your body. How come it become destructive when it is in fact what your heart desires?   
    There are several ways to determine a person’s capability. A person can be judged through educational attainment, amount of salary or savings that that person has and many more. But a person’s personality is something which makes that particular person different from any other. In general personality is the overall qualities of a person. It includes his or her coping mechanisms, attitude to a particular situation, beliefs, aspiration, his or her character and even temperament. But how does a person’s personality develop? Is it something inborn, or is personality made? According to Psychology there are several things that can affect and are responsible in shaping a person’s personality such as birth order.      The relevance of birth order to personality was first proposed by Alfred Adler. According to him, birth order determines or guides a person’s personality because of a made up expectation to a child even before he or she learns to behave on things. Children are already expected to behave into a particular list things because it has been the norm of the society.     The birth order theory includes the first born, second born, middle, and the last born or as the only child. According to Adler the following are the shaped personalities according to birth order:     First Born – Tends to become achievers, controlling, and reliable, independent, perfectionist, structured and cautious. These traits are often associated with child rearing, since the first born are always entrusted or tasked to look after their younger siblings. And as the first born grows older, it will play a huge part in the development of personality.     Middle Child – We often hear about middle child syndrome which describes the crisis of being in between an older and a younger sibling. The birth order triggers the middle child to feel less wanted because the first born is entrusted with the responsibility and then the youngest becomes the favorite. Middle children tend to become secretive, short tempered, and prone to become rebellious but are good when it comes to socializing with other people.      Youngest – The youngest child in the family is considered to be the favorite of all. Although parents would try to give equal treatment to their children, it is the youngest child who will get all the attention and care. With the abundance of love and attention the youngest kids can become manipulative, self-centered, dependent, attention seeker but at the same time they are outgoing, they are good in dealing emotions and are often relaxed.