Dinagyang Festival

    The Dinagyang Festival is both a cultural and religious festival. It is held in Iloilo City on January every year on the 4th Sunday. Sometimes it is celebrated right after the Sinulog ends in Cebu. The Dinagyang Festival is a tribute to Santo Nino and the Malay settlers’ arrival in Panay.
    The Festival in November of 1967. That year, Reverend Ambrosio Galindez led the introduction to the people of the Santo Nino devotion. In the following year, Father Enderez brought a replica of the Santo Nino in Cebu to Iloilo and gave it to the Parish of San Jose as a gift. The faithful Catholics as an honor to Santo Nino received the image from the local Airport and paraded it on the streets. When the Marcos regime announced its order on all the regions of the Philippines to create festivals in order to improve the country’s tourism in 1977, Iloilo city was already ready to provide with its own Iloilo Ati-atihan. 
    The Dinagyang Festival is a festival divided into different events. The first event focuses on the Ati-Ati Street Dance where participants dance in groups. The second event is the Kasadyahan Street dancing and finally, the last event is the choosing of the Miss Dinagyang.
    In present times, most of the parts of the festival is consisted by numerous tribes who are called “tribus”. Originally the dancers were people belonging to Ati tribes. But today, no real Ati joins the event nor do they benefit from it. The dancing in the festivals requires some rules to be followed. Performers who join should have their skins painted brown. Aside from that they are only allowed to use materials which comes from indigenous materials for their costumes. The dancing also should be performed with music which uses drums only as its instrument. Because of the efforts of the participants and performers, from 2006 up to 2008 the Dinagyang Festival made it as the top Event for Tourism. Also, it has a record of being the first ever festival in the world to be supported by United Nations.
    The Dinagyang Festival has introduced innovations through years of its celebration. These are innovations which through the years also influenced some of the festivals in the Philippines. The Carousel Performance was initiated by the said festival which is simultaneously performed by the tribes in competition. The Mobile Risers was first introduced in 1994 by the Bola-bola tribu. It is a prominent choreography in the Dinagyang festival which has become popular in other festivals too. The Dinagyang Pipes innovation are pipes which are beaten with rubber paddles. The pipes all produce sounds which depends on its size and length. Finally, the Dagoy mascot which is also the first mascot created for festivals in the Philippines was produced from the Dinagyang festival. The image of Dagoy was first taken from a sketch competition in Dinagyang on 2002. Later on, it became official as the logo of the Dinagyang. The caricature portrays a young warrior whose character symbolizes the friendship of the natives and tourists who gather together to celebrate the festival.

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    Make-up or any forms of cosmetics were designed to enhance a person’s beauty and to work on the side of imperfections, therefore it concerns or involves the person’s physical appearance. Relatively first impression lasts. It is your physical appearance that makes a person desired whether to approach you or not. It is actually the reality that we have together with the set of norms and standards that the society has embodied to the people.      Nobody wants to be left behind and nobody wants to feel unwanted. This is actually how people were conditioned about with the norms of the society. Most of the women turn to cosmetics and make-up because they are convinced that this could help them correct their aesthetic imperfections. It can also enhance their good traits and make it more appealing. The bottom line is to achieve a more desirable and pleasing appearance.     But how does the use of make-up affects your self-esteem? There are a number of women who became really dependent to make-up; it is as if they could not go out of their house without putting it unto their faces. There are even some instances when the before and after the use of make-up is no longer recognizable. People would even term it as make-up transformation. It is indeed correct because once it has been used, the entire appearance of the person changes. According to most women it boosts their confidence and it hides their imperfections making them feel really good about themselves.     Make-up can indeed make a person look beautiful and even feel good about because of it. However it does not come in all good points, it also has disadvantages that sometimes women tend to ignore. The dependence to make up is one of the great dilemmas.      There is no harm in using make-ups, as long as it does not consume your inner regard of yourself. But once a person feels ugly and unpleasant without it, that’s the time that you can say that it has done more harm than good in your self esteem.  
    One of the most sophisticated cities of the sixteen cities that makes up Metro Manila is Makati City. It is called the Cosmopolitan City because of its diversity in culture. It is famous for a number of reasons. Aside from being the country’s financial center, it also hosts embassies which is why it is where some international affairs are held. Makati city is remarkable for its multicultural lifestyle. It is also reputed as the entertainment center as well as a center for all kinds of intercontinental matters. The city though is most known for its hotels, condominiums, financial hubs, entertainment hubs and shopping centers all scattered around it.     According to traditional accounts, the name Makati came from a misinterpretation by the Tagalog Filipino people of Governor General Miguel de Legazpi’s questions. In the story, he asked for the name of the land near the Pasig River, but the Filipinos replied the word “Makati” which refers to the ebbing tides of the river. It was on 02 January, 1995 that Makati through the 7854 Republic Act became an independent city. Then on 30 June, 1998 the City of Makati became divided into two districts.     The city is also famous for its prominent shopping malls like Greenbelt, Power Plant and the Glorietta Malls. Aside from that it is known as the home for one of the top schools in business known as the AIM or the Asian Institute of Management. This school is an internationally recognized school. Also, Makati is where the various Rockwell campus is located.     As for its culture, the city consists of art museums, historical churches and other recreations. It is where the Manila Polo Club and Manila Golf Club is found. It also has famous landmarks in sports such as the Mkati Coliseum and the Sports Club of Makati.      The city’s official seal represents its territory’s silhouette. Underneath the silhouette is a symbol of the Pasig River which in real life is found in the north borders of Makati. Also, in front of the silhouette is the Gudalupe Church which has been included because of it being the oldest church in the City. It also symbolizes influence from the Spanish early rulers. Aside from that, in front of the city’s silhouette are drawings of skyscrapers behind which are 33 lines of rays that represents Makati’s barangays.     According to history the city of Makati used to be a part of the Santa Ana de Sapa municipality and was used as a center for pilgrimage. In the year 1670 it became an independent municipality having the name of San Pedro de Macati after its patron Saint Peter. During that century until the 18th century Makati has been famous for being prosperous in pottery.     But the rapid growth of the town came after the 2nd World War. It gave rise to real estate prices, communities which are planned centrally, and became the commercial and financial capital of the Philippines. Makati City is home to famous shopping malls, hotels, condominiums, museums, embassies and churches. Its diversity in nature became the key to its success.
    A human being is a social animal. Regardless of the situation a person would always want to have someone to be with. Nobody wants to be left behind. However not all people are lucky enough to find their companions or best friends in life because of varied reasons. But who says only a human being can complete another human being? Dogs are great companions too and they have earned the title of being man’s best friend since time immemorial.      If you are thinking of having a dog and you don’t have any breed in particular to choose from it is best to have a rescue dog. A rescue dog is basically a dog which came from sanctuaries or those that were saved from being abandoned. These types of dogs have no definite breed at all. You might never able to trace its pedigree and its bloodline; however they are as special as those being commercialized in pet stores.      The best thing about choosing rescue dogs is that you are giving them the second chance to live a life that they have been wishing for. There are only few people who would choose to adopt dogs rather than shop. This only means that there are also only few dogs that would be given the chance to have their forever home. It is also heartbreaking to know that not all shelters practice the no-kill policy. When rescued dogs remain in the shelter for quite long already, they are euthanize or being put to sleep without even experiencing the joy of being part in a family.      Adopting a dog from shelters could be the best decision you can ever think of. If you are longing for a companion or a best friend, they are just perfect. These dogs have painful experiences in their past but they are still hopeful to find that special person who will prove to them that dogs are indeed man’s best friend.      By getting a rescue dog, you are helping organizations to continue their goals in putting an end to animal cruelty and animal neglect. If you are thinking that dogs that came from shelters are problematic dogs then you are wrong. Although most of them are strays, these dogs were given the medication they needed before they are released and are set for adoption. It is also a protocol for any shelter to spay and neuter every rescue dog under their facility. By doing this, dogs are protected from unplanned pregnancies and over population which then may result to neglect.     There are several animal welfare groups in the Philippines such as the Philippine Animal Rescue Team (http://www.philanimalrescue.org/) where you can finally meet your new best friend. Pay them a visit now; they are all waiting for you. 
    The Blood Compact or Pacto de sangre in Spanish is a ritual that took place in the Philippines in the old times. The tribes observe this ritual for three main reasons. The blood compact is used for the acknowledgement of a friendship, recognition of a pact or a treaty and a validation to an agreement. Sometimes all three are found in the reasons for a blood compact. In the ritual the parties would slit their wrists and make the blood fall into a cup. The cup is then filled with liquid or wine and then both parties drink from it. A mutual consent is formally sealed with the act.     The most famous blood compact in the Philippines was the Sandugo. It is a visaya word which means to have “one blood”. Sandugo took place in Bohol in 16th century between Spanish explorer Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and Datu Sikatuna who was the chief of Bohol. The blood compact also happened with Rajah Humabon and Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan. The blood compact between Legazpi and Sikatuna is the first official sign of friendship between the Spaniards and Filipinos. It was held in March 16, 1565. The same thing was done by the Kataastaasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan of the revolution. But they did not drink each other’s blood. Instead they used the cutting of wrist as a symbol of their membership.     The blood compact in Bohol now holds a monument in the city of Tagbilaran. It is depicted in the flag and also in the official seal of Bohol’s government. The features of the Sandugo are sketched in the symbol. On the top is the explanation of its history and the shores where the Spanish explorers anchored.      Sandugo goes deep into the history of Philippines. It is used to mark the official signings of mutual consent and is usually a catalyst in significant situations of the Filipinos. The people of the Philippines have been known for their great respect for the said occasion. In the year 1886 in Malacañang Palace, famous Filipino painter Antonio Luna portrayed his award-winning version of the Blood Compact. The painting featured the images of Sikatuna and Legazpi’s enactment of the Sandugo. The picture shows Legazpi accompanied by conquistadors where Sikatuna was described as crowded by these people.     The Filipino’s passion in the preservation of their culture was evident in Antonio Luna’s Sandugo painting. It has won many awards in his time and in the modern times. The painting was awarded first prize in 1904 in Paris, France and the United States. At present the painting is placed on top of the grand staircase of the Ceremonial Hall of the Malacañang Palace.     The performance of the blood compact is an act for mutual understanding and respect for Filipinos. The cutting of the wrist represents the willingness of both parties to cooperate and sacrifice even their blood for the treaty. Drinking each other’s blood on the other hand represents brotherhood and all the protection and love that come with it. That is how far they are going to prove to each other that they see the fusion highly and will protect it.
    The University of Santo Tomas (UST) is the oldest ever made university existing in the Philippines which is found in Manila. It is also famous for being the largest in the city and also being a Pontifical University, the only one of its own in Asia. It is considered one of the largest Catholic universities in the world. Aside from that, UST is known for being the only university of its kind to be visited thrice by two popes namely, Pope John Paul II and Pope Paul VI. The Order of Preachers are the group that run the private and Roman Catholic university.      It consists of many independent colleges, faculties, institutes and schools. Each of these confers all kinds of graduate degrees. The Patron and Patroness of the University is St, Thomas Aquinas and St. Catherine. The University of Santo Tomas has also produced prominent people who have contributed a lot in Philippine’s history. Thomasians vary in prominence from saints, to professionals and presidents, to heroes, scientists and famous artists. It also has an athletic group of teams called the Growling Tigers which have consistently won in the Overall Championships.     Manila’s third Archbishop Miguel de Benavides takes the credit for the foundation of UST. He first arrived in the country on 1587 in a Dominican mission. In 1601 he got promoted in Manila as the archbishop. When he died in 1605 on July, he left his property consisting of properties worth 1,500 pesos and a library with the intention of using it as a fund to establish higher learning institutions. It was Bernardo de Santo Catalina who carried out his will. Catalina secured a building and a convent beside the Dominican church and Intramuros all for the purpose of establishing a college.     A request for permission in opening the said college was sent to King Philipp the third in Spain on the year 1609. But the process took two years after which a reply came to Manila in 1811. In 28 April of 1611 the signing of the foundation’s act was witnessed by Juan Illian who was a notary. The act of foundation was signed by Baltazar Fort, Francisco Minayo and Bernardo Navarro. Baltazar took the position of the first Rector and was appointed as Father Provincial. The university used to be an establishment for seminary in the 17th century for priests. It took its name from the saint Thomas Aquinas. It offered courses such as philosophy, grammar, civil and logic. By the year 1871 medicine and pharmacy were added to its list making it the first in Asia to offer the courses.     By the start of the 20th century the population of students enrolling in the university steadily grew. It multiplied until the Dominicans were granted a land in Sulucan Hills at Sampaloc. The land consisted of 25.1 hectare of soil. For the past few decades, the population kept growing and other courses and degrees were offered until it became the largest university in Manila.     The university, due its massive number of students moved from its original quarters on 1927. In May 24, 2011 the University of Santo Tomas came to be declared as a National Landmark. It is found near Espana Boulevard and Dapitan Street of Sampaloc in Manila. Its seal is made up of a shield with the cross of Dominicans quartering it.

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    Although there are no official statements yet from globe telecom about them putting an end to their free Facebook promo on mobile data, people seemed to figure out quickly. When this promo started, people got the chance to enjoy using Facebook without spending anything for it. It is in all honesty free for its users. However who is actually funding this free subscription promo and why are they stopping it all of a sudden?     In 2013, globe launched its free Facebook for mobile data users. This was their best move considering that a growing number of users were already using smartphones rather than desktops or laptops. They wanted to be part of the convenience of having everything on your mobile device. And it was indeed a success because they were able to reach 140% of revenue growth a year after they launched the promo. They have even mentioned that free Facebook under globe telecom will forever stay as long as it gives them stable revenue.     But who is actually funding this promo? According to globe telecom, they are paying for the total cost of the bandwidth consumed by the free Facebook users. Although it may seemed like they are giving it for free, they were convinced that they are still making profit out of it. This could happen since a user will be charged right away once he or she goes out of the app by clicking a certain link.      The number of smartphone users at this moment is still increasing, but why is it that globe decided to retract its free Facebook promo, when more users would mean more growth in their revenue? Although they claimed that they are alone paying for the bandwidth of their users, this seems to be different in other network providers in different countries who decided to team up with the owner of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg. It is actually the owner of Facebook himself who shoulders the cost of the bandwidth in order to provide free access for its users and in return gain more number of users and more profit for his team.      Almost all websites that you can find in the internet rely on advertisers for monetary gain. If you have been fond of watching videos in Facebook you will notice ads being inserted in the middle of some videos, this is actually how Facebook makes money. But with globe’s free Facebook promo, you can barely view a picture and how much more for a video? The only thing that works on free Facebook is its messenger, but unlike the Facebook app, it does not contain ads.   
   Losing weight, especially in this day and age, can be pretty hard. And with millennials today so used to instant-everything, long-term goals like weight-loss can be aggravating to achieve. That's why a lot of people nowadays resort to slimming pills, thinking that it’s the easier and simpler way to weight-loss. Others take them because their doctor prescribed it to them, maybe due to obesity-related health problems, or that they're allergic to certain foods and unable to go on a diet, or maybe even have a heart problem rendering them incapable of doing any exercise regimes. That’s what these pills are intended for. To help people who are physically unable to become healthy weight-wise. But for people who are capable.     I hope you’ll reconsider gobbling up that next pill after you read this. The risks in taking non-prescribed medication could range from uncomfortable to downright dangerous:     1.    Old habits die hard. Striving for long-term goals like weight loss are life-changing and can lead you to good eating habits, well-needed practice of exercise, and in turn, a healthier lifestyle. It’s not easy but it’ll be worth it in the long run. Pills are made for quick-fixes but just that. They’re temporary. They’re not meant to be sustainable and when stopped, you’ll just go back to square one.       2.    You’re just shedding water weight. Not actual fat loss. Notice how when you take diet pills, you tend to go to the bathroom more often? You’re not flushing out fat. It’s just water weight, since most slimming pills are a combination of diuretics and caffeine.     3.    Dehydration Now that I’ve mentioned how these pills only flush out water, the bad thing is, not only will that water weight eventually just return back but you could actually be in danger of dehydration.     4.    You could be at risk of a heart attack. Studies have shown that people taking certain popular diet pills have put themselves at much greater odds for stroke compared to their non-partaking counterparts. You see, most of these drugs’ main ingredients are stimulants (phenylpropanolamine or PPA for one), which can be seen in prescription level drugs.       5.    Mood swings Get ready to swing… mood swing that is. Some pills have been sold as appetite suppressants. These work as stimulant drugs; they help curb your appetite by increasing certain chemicals (like adrenaline) in your brain, the ones that control your desire for food. You’ll feel more easily satiated and are not likely to overeat. Good for people suffering from obesity, but other than that, it’s not such a good idea. The elements affecting your appetite are also responsible for a lot of other things. Tampering with them may cause insomnia, anxiety, irritability, heart rate, etc. hence the mood swings.     6.    You can get addicted. As I’ve mentioned earlier, some pills have stimulants as their core component. Stimulant drugs, like amphetamine, can lead to psychological dependence if abused. Watch out for yourselves or your loved ones taking these; see if they’re becoming obsessive with their weight and taking medication more than they should.     There’s no magic bullet, or in this case, pill, to instant weight loss. Better to just stick with the classics, to what’s proven and tested: some good-old fashioned reduced-calorie high-fiber diet and a carefully planned exercise routine. Sure, it’s not instantaneous, but the journey will be well-worth it.  
    It’s almost next to impossible nowadays to be truly healthy, let alone, lose weight and be healthy at the same time. With fast food joints popping up everywhere, eat-and-run meals sadly seem to be discouraging people to take the time to cook a healthy meal, and also inadvertently encouraging obesity by giving customers the tempting option of upsizing their meals for lesser the price.     Not only that, people are crazy over these fad/crash diets, even if at the expense of their health, so long as they lose weight fast. But fret not! There’s still hope. You can be both healthy and lose weight. The key is really just having a healthy active lifestyle. Here are 4 things to consider if you want to lose weight healthily:     1.    Eat breakfast.  Don’t trick yourself into thinking that skipping the first meal of your day will lessen your overall weight in the long run. It’s not called breakfast for nothing, darlings. It’s not only the first; it’s actually THE most important meal of the day. Why? Because you’re essentially breaking the overnight fast, the time your body was asleep. In doing so, you wake up your body and give it the necessary jolt for the day. Missing breakfast will actually make you hungry throughout the whole day whereas eating properly will minimize those pangs until the day finishes. So don’t be afraid. Also, don’t eat sweets and junk food. Eat healthy. A well balanced breakfast of protein, fiber and good carbs will give your health much wealth.     2.    Don’t do fad or crash diets. photo by yourecards Fad diets are the type of diet where you’re promised to lose weight quickly without any hassle and exercise. They’re usually popular; the reason for this is because a lot of celebrities endorse this kind of diets and could be just a marketing strategy for a company’s new product/s. Some examples of this diet are high-protein diets, liquid diets, grapefruit diets, and others. The thing with fad diets is that it may seem quick and easy but it may actually endanger your health as it can lead you to unhealthy and unbalanced routines.     Crash diets also offer you quick weight loss results in a short amount of time. But unlike fad diets, crash diets are extreme to the point of nutrient deprivation and restriction of particular foods, especially your calorie intake. To point simply, quick weight loss programs, whether fad or crash types, won’t give you long-term results but can lead you to an unwholesome lifestyle. Bear in mind, if a diet seems too good to be true, it usually is.       3.    Drink water first before a meal. Research has shown that drinking water at the right time of the day can greatly maximize its effects on your body? 1-2 glasses of water 30 minutes or an hour before a meal can help you get better digestion and cause your stomach to absorb nutrients better. The added H2O can also make you feel fuller, thus lessening your food intake. Not only that, choosing to drink water, instead of those so-called empty-calorie beverages will be beneficial to your health. Say goodbye to rough and dry skin! Also, did you know drinking water can energize your day? More than drinking those energy drinks, water is still the best and original drink that could help empower your body.     4.    Find the perfect exercise and diet that will match you and your health. Proper exercise and proper food go hand in hand towards the road to healthy weight loss. These are the common mistake that people make: some exercise too much but eat too little. Others want to skip the exercise and just focus on eating right. However, you can’t have one without the other. Also, what works for one person may not be good for another. It’s important to know your limits; finding the right method may take a while. Be committed, experiment with different exercise regimes and diets until you find the one that fits your lifestyle.     Here are some easy hacks to trick your body into eating healthy and still lose a couple of pounds:     a.    Do not lead yourself into temptation but deliver yourself from “evil”. In this case, JUNKFOODS. Don’t stock up food in the fridge that will easily lure into an eating binge.     b.    Use smaller plates OR when you place the food, get only smaller portions. You can easily get a second helping if you want. But most of us only eat and finish what we usually place on our plates the first time.     c.    Have moral support. Having someone encourage you to be a better you would mean a lot.     d.    Get plenty of sleep. Not getting enough sleep will automatically rouse your body to eating more than usual to keep you energized for the day.     e.    Don’t eat because you’re bored! Comfort eating is okay every now and then but watch out that this doesn’t become a habit. Here are some ideas to avoid emotional eating:     •    Get in touch with some friends or family when you need to talk things out. Don’t you dare touch that fridge.     •    Calm down by taking a long soothing bath or doing meditation.     •    Try taking a nap or go on a brisk walk while listening to energizing music.     f.    Eat small portions of healthy food (5 times at least, instead of only the 3 major meals. Try these:     •    Potato chips (yes! These are okay actually)     •    Peanut butter     •    Hard-boiled egg     •    Raisins     •    Tangerines     •    Popcorn     •    Frozen yogurt     •    Fresh avocado     •    Chestnuts     •    Fresh fruit salad
    Safety and security are two of the most important things that you need to put into consideration if you are about to make a decision that requires your identity and personal details. Majority of the people nowadays have social media account. An average person even has two or three social media accounts from different sites or apps. This is now how things are done. People communicate more in social media rather than in person. It is quite convenient because you can stay connected to all of your friends without leaving your place or home.      However this convenience may also risk your own security if you fail to secure your identity and leave your privacy settings in public. It is important that you know how to change and secure your personal details on social media because you might just be a victim of identity theft. Since it’s now very much easy to let people know about yourself and the things you do, others might just take advantage of it without you noticing it. There are individuals who would want to fish on details about yourself such as your complete name.      Although using your complete name in any account that you use, allows your friends to recognize you easier, you are also giving the bad guys the chance to make use of it. By just having your complete name they can create fake accounts and do unlawful business while using your name. These guys will not be held liable on possible crimes that they do because they hide under our name. Although you are truly innocent, still you need to present or submit yourself to authorities. This could be very stressful for anyone and for sure nobody wants to experience such ordeal.      It is indeed flattering to have hundreds of followers but this could only happen if you set your privacy settings into public. By choosing to have a public profile you are putting your identity in a great risk. Does an unknown follower really matter? It is better to have few friends on your list as long as you know all of them and you don’t have to worry about your privacy. The things you share in your social media account are all personal, so why share it to someone you barely know?
    It is very important to lose weight if you think you are already out from the normal body mass index. It should be the primary reason in losing weight rather than for aesthetic purposes. People should be more concern of health rather than the physical appearance because a beautiful body is useless if it’s an unhealthy one. A body can be beautiful and at the same time healthy it should be the goal. These two things should come hand in hand to promote a healthy and a positive lifestyle.      There are hundreds of ways to lose weight. In fact it is one of the most discussed or searched topic in the internet.  One of which is through dieting. Dieting doesn’t mean you have to starve yourself and forget about having meals for the entire day. That is not dieting, that is actually suicide. Dieting means you have to cut off some of the unhealthy foods that you eat so that you can lose weight effectively. You are still allowed to eat but the list is now restricted and it take discipline for it to happen.     Sugar is one of the biggest culprit of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and other types of lifestyle diseases that are now slowly killing people. How can you say no to sugar when it is the sweetest thing on earth, literally and figuratively? Although it may appear really difficult it can actually give you great results.     Did you know that the amount of calories that a single bar of chocolate contains is already equivalent to two cups of rice or a large slice of meat? This is the main reason why you can easily gain weight and become fat if you don’t eliminate sugar from your diet. Although it comes in small sizes, but the calories it contain are much bigger than your usual meal. Aside from this, sugar also impairs the receptors in your body that are responsible in giving signals to your brain that you are already full. This is the reason why you don’t feel satisfied at all after eating several bars of chocolates and you would even want more.     Sugars are not limited to chocolates alone, donuts, cakes, ice creams, soft drinks, and many more are still part of the list. Sugar is a small but terrible compound that has the ability to transform your body into something you wouldn’t really want to be.      If you are not yet convinced, you better watch this video below. This was uploaded by Youtube uploader Health TIPS