Iloilo - The Sugar of Philippines

    Iloilo is a province in the Philippines occupying the south and east part of the Panay Island. Its location is found in the Western Visayas. The territory is bordered by the Capiz Province on the north and the Antique Province on the west. The capital of Iloilo is Iloilo City. But the city is independent from the government of Iloilo. 
    During the Spanish era in the Philippines, writing was a new form of import which is why there are no existing written historical accounts of Iloilo today especially on the pre-Hispanic times. There are epics told in oral history but that too has not survived much through time. The oldest existing written account of the Spanish conquest on Iloilo was Miguel de Legazpi’s transfer of headquarters to Iloilo from Cebu in 1566. 
    Geographically, the province has two regions dividing it. The first is the highlands which is located in its western border. The second region is the lowland and occupies a much larger portion. Second to the Sanderbans, Iloilo is known to have the largest biggest marshland in Western Visayas. Its subdivisions consist of an urban city, a component city and forty-two municipalities.
    The people of Iloilo are known as Ilonggos. They have two local languages which is Hiligaynon and Kinaray-a. In the past Spanish was considered as their local language. But after the WWII the numbers of people speaking it naturally declined until most of the Ilonggos did not see it as their local language.
    The high speed of the development of trade and industry in the 18th century began Iloilo’s rise in economy amongst the Visayas islands. It earned its name as “Textile Capital of the Philippines” where their products were continually exported to Manila and abroad. The upper middle class of Iloilo enjoyed their prosperity as their textile industry rose. But during the 19th century this industry began to go low because of UK’s introduction to the world of cheaper textiles.
    In 1855 however, the waning of the textile industry did not depress Iloilo as it was the year when the port of the province was opened to the world market. Thus, agriculture and industry had direct contact with markets abroad. In the late 19th century Iloilo experienced a boom in its economy because of its quick development of its sugar industry. During those times sugar was on the list of one of the most in demand products. The vice-consul of Britain at that time gave loans, constructed warehouses and began introducing new methods in sugar farming. This helped a lot in the development of the industry.
    The families of the province became richer and richer and started developing large areas from Negros and turned them into haciendas as the world market’s demand for sugar kept rising. As a result, it was from Iloilo that increase of firms, banks, educational institutions, commercial activity, infrastructures and foreign consulates came from. Development of economy in the province kept rising because of the sugar industry until in October 5, 1889 the Queen of Spain, Maria Cristina gave rise to the town’s status via Royal Decree establishing the city government.

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Sunday, September 11, 2016 - 12:22:19 AM
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    One of the latest games being launched worldwide that has become dominantly popular these past few months is Pokémon Go. This game is originally inspired by the Anime Pokémon, and even the game in Nintendo which has different Pokémon Generations. It has gained a remarkable rating all over the world. People showed great interest to play this game especially that it works through smartphones. On its first few days of being available to selected countries only, it heightens the curiosity of the people to play this game. When it finally became available globally it was indeed a hit. However barely a month after it was launched, they immediately lost a significant number of users.      Users begun to lose interest in playing Pokémon go because of few reasons. One is when cheaters came in and dominated the gyms without even really trying hard to play the game. It discouraged some of those who are still starting to play. Second is because of its poor updates. Users have anticipated that they could actually play and experience the things that they saw in the Pokémon movie or the series.       Any Pokemon Go user would absolutely want to have these updates that will surely win back the interest of the people.      Battle with other Pokémon – although you can now actually battle Pokémon if you want to earn a rank in a gym, it is not what Pokémon users would want to happen. Battling should be as easy as having a friend who can be your opponent and start battling with each other. The more a Pokémon wins, the more XP or experience points it gains.     Trading of Pokemon – believe it or not, there are some areas that have variety of pokemons to collect but have few pokemon stops to restore pokeballs. And there are also areas particularly those near in cities that have a lot of poke stops yet have fewer variety of pokemon to catch. If trading of pokemon would be available, it can absolutely attract the users to catch more and trade in.   
In the midst of the current administration’s new governance, sparked controversial sentiments, lots of opinions were thrown between two opposing parties, particularly the Duterte Administration and those who are not convinced of his way of control specifically on his war against drugs. One of the most talked about remarks was made by an actress, Ms. Agot Isidro. Ms. Isidro, in her Facebook status update, slammed the President for the statements he gave during one of his speeches. Aside from criticizing Duterte with his way of governance and his behavior to other foreign personalities, she ended her post by calling Duterte not a Bipolar but a Psychopath. Ms. Isidro’s statement steamed over the social media. Several people expressed disagreement with her post not because of her remarks toward the President, but when she used the term Bipolar and Psychopath. The comments in general condemned Ms. Agot’s use of these terms without being aware of the weight of her statements. She is not an expert on such field yet she vocally used it as if it is just a common term to be used. A psychopath is not merely a term used to describe a person with a wicked personality. It is a mental health illness. It is thoroughly defined with the help of DSM-5 or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders, 5th ed. Psychopathy, is a type of personality disorder. Personality disorder is a mental health illness that has something to do with a person’s maladaptive behavior towards his or her environment, this includes the people around him or her, and that prevents the person to function normally. In Psychopathy, the problem focuses on the person’s insistent antisocial behavior. Antisocial behavior is the lack of capacity or the need to isolate oneself from other people. Psychopaths are known to behave maladaptive with other people. They don’t socialize and building a relationship for them is the hardest thing to do. Their withdrawal towards their environment is characterized by egoistic desires thus they don’t feel remorse if they have to abandon a certain person or situation. A psychopath is a type of mental illness but it isn’t different from being a diabetic or asthmatic, the only difference is that it has something to do with the mental and not on the physical state of the patient. Thus if you criticize and use it to describe your disappointment to a particular person, you are as if demeaning a person’s worth because of having a diabetes or asthma. It is a very serious matter that using it to disgrace a person must not be tolerated. It is important to educate the people that mental health illnesses must not be taken lightly. People should stop from using such terms without being properly aware of how complex and sensitive it is. People with mental health issues never wished to have it within their system. Nobody wants to feel bad about one’s self, and yet it is often the great struggle of those who are suffering from such illnesses.  
In just a short period of time, the devastated launching of the most anticipated smartphone device has finally reached its end. Samsung on October 12, finally issued statement declaring the death of galaxy note 7. The galaxy note 7 faced tons of complaints all over the world because of its tendency to explode. It has caused major threat to the safety of the people. As a result, a remarkable drop in sales has been noted for this device. In the interest of Samsung to preserve its customers, they tried to recall all galaxy note 7 that were sold to the public. Some of the remedy that they offered was to issue refund particularly for those customers who already lost interest in waiting for the galaxy note 7 to be back. However, just a few days after the first few recalls were issued, another incident involving the device took place. A man using his galaxy note 7 begun to notice that his device was slowly emitting a smoke and it started to overheat. In happened inside a Southwest Aircraft, thus the airline company was forced to return to the airport because of the incident. In previous statements, galaxy note 7 tend to overheat and explode upon charging, that it why all airline companies prohibit their passengers to charge their devices inside the aircraft using power banks and the likes. However with the latest case, the man wasn’t actually charging his device. He was just using it like the usual, yet it started to produce smoke inside the aircraft. Although, Samsung did not issued formal statement regarding the matter, they have promised to check on it and do the best that they can in solving such disastrous happenings. Barely three days after the aircraft incident, Samsung has finally broke its silence by issuing a statement declaring the death of Samsung galaxy note 7. It is indeed a major disaster for the company to declare such thing however according to them it was the best thing that they can do to ensure the safety of the people. It is absolutely a major loss for them but they would like to assure the public that the safety of their consumers is much more important than their sales. They on the other hand, assured the public that the note series will still continue and that it is going to be better than ever, but as of now the galaxy note 7 is signing off.  
    There are several ways to determine a person’s capability. A person can be judged through educational attainment, amount of salary or savings that that person has and many more. But a person’s personality is something which makes that particular person different from any other. In general personality is the overall qualities of a person. It includes his or her coping mechanisms, attitude to a particular situation, beliefs, aspiration, his or her character and even temperament. But how does a person’s personality develop? Is it something inborn, or is personality made? According to Psychology there are several things that can affect and are responsible in shaping a person’s personality such as birth order.      The relevance of birth order to personality was first proposed by Alfred Adler. According to him, birth order determines or guides a person’s personality because of a made up expectation to a child even before he or she learns to behave on things. Children are already expected to behave into a particular list things because it has been the norm of the society.     The birth order theory includes the first born, second born, middle, and the last born or as the only child. According to Adler the following are the shaped personalities according to birth order:     First Born – Tends to become achievers, controlling, and reliable, independent, perfectionist, structured and cautious. These traits are often associated with child rearing, since the first born are always entrusted or tasked to look after their younger siblings. And as the first born grows older, it will play a huge part in the development of personality.     Middle Child – We often hear about middle child syndrome which describes the crisis of being in between an older and a younger sibling. The birth order triggers the middle child to feel less wanted because the first born is entrusted with the responsibility and then the youngest becomes the favorite. Middle children tend to become secretive, short tempered, and prone to become rebellious but are good when it comes to socializing with other people.      Youngest – The youngest child in the family is considered to be the favorite of all. Although parents would try to give equal treatment to their children, it is the youngest child who will get all the attention and care. With the abundance of love and attention the youngest kids can become manipulative, self-centered, dependent, attention seeker but at the same time they are outgoing, they are good in dealing emotions and are often relaxed. 
Make-ups and other forms of cosmetics were made to enhance a person’s good assets and hide or conceal imperfections. It has been part of the daily lives of the people, mostly by women. To look beautiful and presentable has always been part of any woman’s goals of the day. It is an unspoken rule that if you can’t be beautiful then be at least presentable. Whether you like it or not, first impression doesn’t only last, it really matters.                 However, it is a sad reality that although these make-ups and cosmetics can make a person look more beautiful it contains chemicals that can actually take away your natural glow or natural beauty. Lipsticks contain certain compounds that can actually darken your lips and change its natural color. Other make-ups can also cause skin allergies or irritation and even cause skin impurities.                 Good thing, organic make ups are now available in the market. You can now enjoy using these kinds of cosmetics without worrying of any side effects. Organic make-ups are proven to be safe and free from harmful chemicals. If you are thinking of shifting to organic make-ups there are things that you need to know so that you will not be left dissatisfied with your decision.                 Since organic makeups uses pure and organic materials, it is way more expensive compared to the ordinary make up products. But if this ensures the health of your skin, it is still a very good investment despite of its price. Also, there are only few choices for organic make-ups, such as lipstick shades. It is because unlike the ordinary type of cosmetics, organic make ups depend only on natural occurring colors which can be extracted from organic compounds. Commercial or ordinary cosmetics use artificial colors in order to achieve almost every shade that they want to produce. Also, organic make ups have shorter expiration periods. Again, because of being organic and free from chemicals, its shelf life is also affected.                 Patronizing organic make up can actually be part of a healthy living lifestyle. The more you eliminate artificial chemicals within your daily routine the healthier you are. Organic products can never be beaten even by the most popular brand of make-up. Sometimes you don’t actually need to have full coverage of make-up foundation; sometimes you just have to make ways to make your skin healthier. Once you nourish it properly, you will no longer worry about acne breakouts, and other skin blemishes. Practice proper hygiene and start using products that are actually doing great for your skin inside and out.  

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    Nature is indeed full of wonders and humans have not really explored it totally. There are still things that are seemingly odd in nature and there are also some that are quite deceiving. Take for example this Emerald Green Cat that was discovered in a small town in Bulgaria.      The town people and even people from far cities are quite familiar with this seemingly odd creature because of its color. The cat has been spotted walking around the city, it gives the town people the impression that it is a stray and it only gets its food by roaming around the place.      Due to its distinct color and possible breakthrough in the feline world, people from far countries travelled to Bulgaria just to take a closer peek and even take some pictures of it. However, this cat’s stardom started to fade when rainstorms came. Its bright emerald green color slowly faded away when rain started to fall.      It has been found out that the cat got its color from a barrel of paint where it sleeps. Although paints contain toxins that are eventually not good for the health, the cat was actually in good shape all throughout its stardom. With its color fading away, its popularity indeed started to slow down, however its quite noticeable she enjoyed her moment and made the most of it by gaining extra pounds.     
    In the midst of a severe flood happening in Guangxi Zhuang an Autonomous Region in China, a seemingly smiling pig was rescued along with other animals. Netizens were quick to spot the candidness of the pig’s smile while being saved from the flood. The pig seemed calmed and happy that it was rescued and even smiled wonderfully despite being held on its forelegs and ears.      As a usual response by netizens, its picture have been shared a hundred times and made quick rounds in social media all over the world. People were cheering of how this creature just made their days and made them smile right after seeing its picture.     However this pig’s instant stardom was shown not only through likes and shares of her original photo but people did hilarious Photoshop skills to savor the moment. The following are just one of the few photos that instantly became people’s favorite.       
    With today’s trend where direct, private, and instant messages are of great help to people, consumers must be aware in choosing mobile apps especially if it has something to do with your personal info’s such as your contact list where clients, bank accounts and other important stuff are being saved.     Most of the time, mobile apps are being installed because of its popularity. When a wide audience seemed to use it even for just a short time, you should expect for others to try it too without really verifying its security measures.  SARAHAH Honesty App is supposedly an app that can be used in giving feedbacks anonymously. Seems like people nowadays are drawn into intriguing stuff more than ever. However accordingly the app works in such a way that the person who has been rated or given feedback has no way of tracing or replying to it. The creator of the app tend to give its users the chance to leave positive comments or feedbacks as an act of kindness while keeping their identity unknown.      However the entire community has been totally shocked (shookt) when it has been revealed that this app is actually unknowingly stealing your personal details such as your contact list. Aside from stealing, they make use of it by uploading it to their data base and who knows what they could do about it.      Once you installed this app, it will only take them a while to steal your info. Logging out from the app can't make any difference at all. The best thing to do is to never ever install it and be more cautious in choosing an app.   
    In a certain Facebook post by Mark Dianne Duarte, three women are now asking for help from anyone with a good heart to help them with their current situation. The victims are residents of Cabdbaran Agusan del Sur.      With the intent to enhance and beautify themselves, they decided to undergo treatment from a person whom they barely know. The procedure went by injecting some unknown chemicals unto their faces. However instead of having better and beautiful faces, it went really worse and appeared distorted. The three of them have the same reaction with the chemical.     With the help of their friends and families, they are now trying to reach a certain amount in order to help the victims. Aside from the horrible outcome of what happened, the victims are now starting to become ill and are all afraid of what could happen to them if not given the proper care.     Unfortunately, the suspect is now nowhere to be found. The victims were not even aware of the suspect’s whereabouts.     According to the one who posted, a certain media will then cover the story of these women, to inform and especially warn those who would dare to undergo such procedure. The suspect was not a licensed medical professional but because of cheaper rates he managed to convince these ladies to try it all for the aim of becoming beautiful.     
    When you don’t have sweet tooth it is hard to find snacks that can match your low tolerance for sugar. Almost all snacks were made out of sugar, chocolates and other forms of sweeteners. It is the main reason why Skittles stands out from the rest of the group. It is a sweet yet sour candy that comes in a bright rainbow colors. But all of a sudden Skittles became really dull and lost all that rainbow colors.     In an official stamen made by Skittles, they decided to have a different packaging for intended for the entire month of June. As practiced June is the month dedicated for the LGBT community. The LGBT community has the rainbow to represent them because they acknowledged that they are composed of different genders thus constitutes not just a single color but of different colors.      Since the Skittles and the LGBT community share the same kind of color representation, Skittles gladly gave way to the LGBT community. According to them, although the share the same symbol, one has to stand out and celebrate their existence and they give it whole heartedly to the LGBT group.      This is such a remarkable and thoughtful move for Skittles. Although they were branded and known because of their color, they were not afraid to give way to celebrate a significant event for some people. Consumers in return have shown appreciation to what the company did. Their customers admired their sensitive and immediate decision to honor the LGBT community.     Changing brand packaging is a bit risky when it comes to sales and market. Well known and established companies see to it that when they have to change or modify their packaging it needs to be somehow close to the previous design. It is because people shop out of familiarity. When you change your packaging into a totally different concept, chances are your consumers will not be able to recognize your products anymore.      However it is different with the case of Skittles. They dared to risk their sales and their brand in order to commemorate an event. With this making rounds in the internet, Skittles is rest assured that their customers would still remain loyal to them.