Iloilo - The Sugar of Philippines

    Iloilo is a province in the Philippines occupying the south and east part of the Panay Island. Its location is found in the Western Visayas. The territory is bordered by the Capiz Province on the north and the Antique Province on the west. The capital of Iloilo is Iloilo City. But the city is independent from the government of Iloilo. 
    During the Spanish era in the Philippines, writing was a new form of import which is why there are no existing written historical accounts of Iloilo today especially on the pre-Hispanic times. There are epics told in oral history but that too has not survived much through time. The oldest existing written account of the Spanish conquest on Iloilo was Miguel de Legazpi’s transfer of headquarters to Iloilo from Cebu in 1566. 
    Geographically, the province has two regions dividing it. The first is the highlands which is located in its western border. The second region is the lowland and occupies a much larger portion. Second to the Sanderbans, Iloilo is known to have the largest biggest marshland in Western Visayas. Its subdivisions consist of an urban city, a component city and forty-two municipalities.
    The people of Iloilo are known as Ilonggos. They have two local languages which is Hiligaynon and Kinaray-a. In the past Spanish was considered as their local language. But after the WWII the numbers of people speaking it naturally declined until most of the Ilonggos did not see it as their local language.
    The high speed of the development of trade and industry in the 18th century began Iloilo’s rise in economy amongst the Visayas islands. It earned its name as “Textile Capital of the Philippines” where their products were continually exported to Manila and abroad. The upper middle class of Iloilo enjoyed their prosperity as their textile industry rose. But during the 19th century this industry began to go low because of UK’s introduction to the world of cheaper textiles.
    In 1855 however, the waning of the textile industry did not depress Iloilo as it was the year when the port of the province was opened to the world market. Thus, agriculture and industry had direct contact with markets abroad. In the late 19th century Iloilo experienced a boom in its economy because of its quick development of its sugar industry. During those times sugar was on the list of one of the most in demand products. The vice-consul of Britain at that time gave loans, constructed warehouses and began introducing new methods in sugar farming. This helped a lot in the development of the industry.
    The families of the province became richer and richer and started developing large areas from Negros and turned them into haciendas as the world market’s demand for sugar kept rising. As a result, it was from Iloilo that increase of firms, banks, educational institutions, commercial activity, infrastructures and foreign consulates came from. Development of economy in the province kept rising because of the sugar industry until in October 5, 1889 the Queen of Spain, Maria Cristina gave rise to the town’s status via Royal Decree establishing the city government.

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    The City of Cagayan de Oro is also the capital of Misamis Oriental. It is also the regional center of Northern Mindanao. Tourists and travelers from time to time flock the city. Because of this, it is titled as the city of golden friendship. Ironically, before the peace, it went through a tiresome war that made its mark in the history of the Philippines.     For 276 years the Spanish Colonizers dominated the Philippines. But on the 10th of December 1898 the Treaty of Paris was signed by the United States and Spain in Paris. In the treaty it was agreed that the country would handed over to the Americans in return for a payment. The amount paid to Spain by the Americans was 120,000,0000 dollars. In other words, Philippines was bought by the United States from Spain.     In Cagayan de Oro, the Americans’ arrival was much received with restiveness and hostility by the Kagay-anons. They did not agree to the occupation of the US. And so a revolutionary group called “ Tercios Revolucionarios” was created and organized by the people of Cagayan. Its main leaders were people who are prominent even in today’s times. These people included known names in Cagayan de Oro such as Apolinar Velez, Nicanor Capistrano, Roa Y. Racines, Tirso Neri, and Cayetano Pacana.     The prominent leaders of this organization purposefully trained and prepared the Kagay-anons mentally and physically. Their main goal was to resist and push back the Americans from entering their town. But there was a setback to their plans as they have realized. Their men had only bolos and some rifles as weapons to fight the Americans. But nevertheless, these were the men who fought in the famous April 7, 1900 battle and that of Macahambus.     The invasion of Cagayan de Oro by the Americans came on 31 March 1900. They first bombarded the town and burned the flag of Macabalan. The fighters of the Tercios Revolucionarios were already prepared and trained even before the invasion came. But they waited until April 7 to attack the Americans. Their army was headed by General Nicolas Capistrano. Originally, they were camped at Gagno plateau at Bukidnon which is located 9km from Cagayan.      The ringing of San Agustin Church’s bell was the go signal for them to attack the Americans when they arrived. The Revolucionarios attacked in a systematized wave. The first wave were men with bolos only as weapons. Then next to them were the riflemen. They were then followed by cavalrymen. Their main plan was to make a sneak attack on the American soldiers. But because some of the macheteros(men with bolos) shouted battle cries, their plan was foiled.     The Americans were quick to react to the battle cries of the natives carrying bolos and so there raged a battle between the well-armed Americans and the Revolucionarios. When Gen. Capistrano realized impending defeat, he ordered for a retreat. The most intense fighting happened in the town’s plaza, which is now called the Gaston Park. But the Kagay-anons stood no chance against the Americans. After an hour they were defeated and the remnants of the Revolucionarios were chased away from the city.     Even with so little hope of winning, the Revolucionarios fought with much valiance. But still they were defeated. When peace returned to Cagayan de Oro, Tirso Neri became its first Mayor. There he ordered the opening of Divisoria.
    With the new administration come new sets of personnel to serve the government of the people. It has been the common practice of the previous political administrations in the Philippines. However the current administration has drawn a very unique line in terms of its decision and the reaction of the people. One of which who gave birth to unending debates is Mocha Uson, being appointed as      Certain group of people reacted against the appointment made by the president. For them Mocha is not qualified for the job and it is actually an insult for those who are studying courses in line with the position such as journalism. People were also rooting against her past as a sexy dancer and branded for her sensual performances in the past. They also questioned her qualifications and she managed to land the position.      To begin with Marguax Uson or Mocha Uson, finished the degree of bachelor of science in Medical. She is a daughter of a pediatrician and a fiscal. Her father, a fiscal, was killed by unknown assailants and their family wasn’t able to get justice at all. It was this incident that pushed mocha to support he current government. It can be noted that during election period she has declared her all out support to Mayor Rodrigo Duterte as her presidential candidate.     Speculations them came out that because mocha was vital in PRRD’s success that is why she was given a government post. However if you try to check on the current title and job description of the position, it is very much clear that Mocha is the best option. Her appointment has something to do with the use of social media as a tool for communication. The president wants the common people to have an outlet for them to voice out their concerns in the most convenient way. And it is through social media that the common people are given the chance and the attention to air their sentiments and to acknowledge their support for the government.      Mocha Uson Blog actually has more than 5 million of followers in Facebook, thus she was appointed as assistant secretary for the PCCO under social media. However it is not the number of followers’ alone that made her the new assec. She got the highest number of followers because of her involvement in tackling the social issues of the Philippines. There are celebrities who got more followers than her, but is her who is making use of her influence to inform the people of the current happenings in the country.    
    If there are things that remained pleasing to the eyes of the people particularly the women, one of these is make-up or cosmetics. Men could even question a lot or almost all of women why they would really want to have a set of make up at home or why do they keep a make-up kit inside their bags at all times? Men often wondered why it appears like women are so delighted with cosmetic and are even confused why they men on the other hand have little or no interest at all when it comes to make up.     If there is someone or something to blame about the differences of perception of men and women towards make-up it is none other than the society’s standards. Women were raised to become attractive. They were conditioned that in order for other people to like them they must always be beautiful, attractive and appealing. They need to observe proper grooming at all times, smell good and do what is likable to others. Meanwhile men were simply raised not to bother about their physical attributes. They were conditioned to become more concern on their skills, their strength and other things that could contribute to them becoming manly enough.     With this regard, and the changing demands and standards of the society when it comes to beauty, women are trying their very best to look appealing and lovable like what they were taught about. With women’s quest to acquire an irresistible kind of beauty, they discovered make-up. Not all women were born with to have the qualities that the society declares to be ideal and beautiful. There are also some women who are exposed to certain things which made a huge effect on their physical traits.      The thing about make-up and beauty is that when it seems appealing to the eyes of most of the people or to the society then it is good and acceptable. There is nothing wrong about choosing cosmetics and enhancing one’s beauty, however the question on how it started and why most women are into it is all because of the society. Almost all people want to look good. Nobody wants to look like a joker or something inappropriate. Looking good is already embedded inside the heads of the people. It is something you cannot just ignore. But it should not also keep you from loving yourself more of who you are and what you are.  
    Nowadays life can be so much busier than ever. Once you got a job, 24 hours seemed too short to make all things done. Time is very much precious for productive and busy people. No wonder lots of things or products now come in an instant. The less time you need to prepare or the less amount of time it requires the better. One best example is an instant coffee. Coffee is such an in demand drinks in an office. It keeps people awake. It boosts people’s concentration which leads them to finish their work. Indeed coffee can make things better that is why an average person who works in the office can actually consume 2-3 cups of coffee a day.      It has been already proven that coffee has greater advantages than disadvantages. Although it isn’t 100% side effect free, people can benefit from it especially by taking it in a controlled amount. There is no doubt coffee is one of the healthiest drinks next to tea, however are you sure you are drinking the right coffee?      Since coffee can promote productivity in work, people think a higher consumption of coffee means higher productivity. This can only happen if you are drinking the right and healthy coffee. Now, are instant coffees healthy enough? The answer is a quick no. By the name itself, instant coffee can actually bring harm to your body. Instant coffee usually comes in a ready to drink formula. Coffee, sugar and milk are all added so you don’t have to worry about it. You can have it in a small pouch which is very much convenient for anyone.      People would often result to drinking instant coffees because it is readily available everywhere. Also, there are a lot of varieties to choose from and it’s very affordable. These are the things that often influence people to drink instant coffees rather than prepare the regular ones. Because of its availability people tend to consume even 2-3 cups of it a day without worrying of its side effects or cost.      Although drinking instant coffee can help in saving time, you are actually risking your health in exchange for it. Instant coffees contain a certain amount of sugar that is known to trigger diabetes, and obesity. You can actually gain weight by consuming 2-3 cups of instant coffee a day. To make things worse, it can make you gain unhealthy fat, making yourself much vulnerable to lifestyle diseases. Aside from the threat of weight gain, it also contains addictive compounds. It can also trigger high rate of palpitations because of the amount of caffeine that it contains.      Several studies have shown that instant coffees are bad for your health. Black coffee is recommended, although it takes time to prepare, you are sure that you are drinking something which is healthy for your body.  
    Several inspiring stories have been already shared a million times over the internet. And it’s great to have them regardless if they are scripted or not. However in a reality show where talents are being showcased, it is not always every day that you get to see someone who pursued to reach their dreams and eventually inspire a lot of people because of that perseverance. A singer who auditioned at America’s Got Talent show has just made history because of her very inspiring story.     Mandy Harvey auditioned on AGT for the 2017 season. When she stepped on the stage, she was with her interpreter. It then turned out she was deaf. But the thing was she wasn’t deaf since birth but she lost her hearing when she was just 18 due to an illness. Despite that unfortunate event that happened to her life. She still tried to continue her passion in singing against all odds.     While she was on stage, she removed her shoes and stood barefoot. It was for a reason that she relies on vibration in order for her to stay in tune through feeling the beat and tempo of the music. It was the most amazing thing that has even happened on that particular show. People weren’t even ready to witness such a wonderful event. It was very inspiring and uplifting especially for those who are in difficult situation and are about to give up on their dreams.     She sang a song entitled “Try” which describes her entire journey when she started to lose her hearing and how she managed to overcome it and tried everything in order to be back on track. When she started singing, people started to weep because of the message of the song and the how she managed to sing it the right and genuine emotion. She was such an inspiration and Simon Cowell delivered the Mandy Harvey to live performance by pressing the golden buzzer.     Mandy Harvey is a living proof that the odds against your dreams will depend on how you see and believe yourself. And that success begins when you start to remind yourself of your passion and purpose in life.   Watch her full audition below. (video uploaded by AGT official youtube account)

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    Of all the popular places in the world, Japan seemed to hold the reputation of having bizarre things or practices that you could never imagine such as the proliferation of their porn industry. Unlike in the Philippines, pornography is actually punishable by law and has corresponding penalties. It has been strongly condemned not only by the government but as well as the society.     However, although Japan has been known for its strict adherence to its culture and tradition it seems ironic that they allow or they help in regulation of pornography within their people. Pornography is even considered as a legit and feasible business in Japan.      If you might be wondering how it became that way, it’s all because Japan is actually preserving its culture and they embraced the fact that pornography already existed together with their history. Just like ancient civilizations, pornography were already evident on their writings and drawings. By continuing the practice they were able to have in the form of comics or manga. Later on an anime or Hentai has been made to proliferate pornography and finally short video clips were created.     Although it seems legal in Japan, there are actually rules and provisions that the porn industries are currently following such as the censorship of the actor and actresses genitals. It is not limited to live action but as well as in anime and manga. 
    Nowadays people communicate more often with the use of apps such as skype, wechat, watsapp and the most popular one which is viber. However several cases were already reported wherein the privacy and security of the users were jeopardized. It won’t really happen actually if you personally know the person you ware chatting to, however taking chances to connect with strangers has taken its toll when using these apps.      However did you know that you can actually chat with a complete stranger without compromising your security and personal details? Most of the time the exchange of photos can be used to extort or even blackmail someone. It would be safer not to send or share your pictures but how would you know that you are indeed talking to the real person behind a profile you just saw in another app?      When people want to talk about private stuff but are actually hesitant to risk their security a few tips from Viber in sharing photos might just help. You can actually set a timer to your photos, once it has been seen it will automatically disappear. For that your chat mate could never say that he or she wasn’t able to view it.      The steps are so easy that you will be surprised. Step 1.Instead of attaching your photo using viber, open your gallery and select a picture that you would want to send. Step 2. Click on the share button and select Viber from the options. Step 3. You will be shown a preview of the photo that you would want to share, before hitting the “send” button, notice that there’s a clock icon below. Tap the icon and you will be given options as to how long would you want your image to be viewed. 10 seconds is the longest, pick your choice and hit send. If you notice the photo you shared became blurred then it’s a confirmation that you made the right steps. When the person tried to open or view it, it will disappear and it won’t even be saved on their devices.
    Nature is indeed full of wonders and humans have not really explored it totally. There are still things that are seemingly odd in nature and there are also some that are quite deceiving. Take for example this Emerald Green Cat that was discovered in a small town in Bulgaria.      The town people and even people from far cities are quite familiar with this seemingly odd creature because of its color. The cat has been spotted walking around the city, it gives the town people the impression that it is a stray and it only gets its food by roaming around the place.      Due to its distinct color and possible breakthrough in the feline world, people from far countries travelled to Bulgaria just to take a closer peek and even take some pictures of it. However, this cat’s stardom started to fade when rainstorms came. Its bright emerald green color slowly faded away when rain started to fall.      It has been found out that the cat got its color from a barrel of paint where it sleeps. Although paints contain toxins that are eventually not good for the health, the cat was actually in good shape all throughout its stardom. With its color fading away, its popularity indeed started to slow down, however its quite noticeable she enjoyed her moment and made the most of it by gaining extra pounds.     
    In the midst of a severe flood happening in Guangxi Zhuang an Autonomous Region in China, a seemingly smiling pig was rescued along with other animals. Netizens were quick to spot the candidness of the pig’s smile while being saved from the flood. The pig seemed calmed and happy that it was rescued and even smiled wonderfully despite being held on its forelegs and ears.      As a usual response by netizens, its picture have been shared a hundred times and made quick rounds in social media all over the world. People were cheering of how this creature just made their days and made them smile right after seeing its picture.     However this pig’s instant stardom was shown not only through likes and shares of her original photo but people did hilarious Photoshop skills to savor the moment. The following are just one of the few photos that instantly became people’s favorite.       
    With today’s trend where direct, private, and instant messages are of great help to people, consumers must be aware in choosing mobile apps especially if it has something to do with your personal info’s such as your contact list where clients, bank accounts and other important stuff are being saved.     Most of the time, mobile apps are being installed because of its popularity. When a wide audience seemed to use it even for just a short time, you should expect for others to try it too without really verifying its security measures.  SARAHAH Honesty App is supposedly an app that can be used in giving feedbacks anonymously. Seems like people nowadays are drawn into intriguing stuff more than ever. However accordingly the app works in such a way that the person who has been rated or given feedback has no way of tracing or replying to it. The creator of the app tend to give its users the chance to leave positive comments or feedbacks as an act of kindness while keeping their identity unknown.      However the entire community has been totally shocked (shookt) when it has been revealed that this app is actually unknowingly stealing your personal details such as your contact list. Aside from stealing, they make use of it by uploading it to their data base and who knows what they could do about it.      Once you installed this app, it will only take them a while to steal your info. Logging out from the app can't make any difference at all. The best thing to do is to never ever install it and be more cautious in choosing an app.