Tubbataha Reef

    The Tubbataha name originates from a Samal word which means “a large reef bare to the low tides”. Because of their nomadic lifestyle the Samal people of the sea frequently visited the large reef and would live there temporarily. 
    The Tubbataha Reef of the Sulu Sea in the Philippines is an atoll reef which means that it is a coral island with a lagoon in the middle of its body. Located 180km southeast from Puerto Princesa, a trip to the coral island is a 12-hour long ride by a boat.  The reef has two main parts. The smaller of the two coral islands is located in the southern part having 5kilometers in length and 3kilometers wide. The larger one or also called the North Atoll has a length of 2kilometers and is 5kilometers in width. So far, there has been no permanent inhabitant living in the area. Fishermen only come and build shelters in the area by seasons. Tourists and divers would also visit the reef due to the fact that it has gained the reputation of being the best site for diving in the Philippines.The coral reef is popular for its walls that immediately ends and gives way to great depths. Divers find it wonderful to dive in from them. Various colonies of fish also dwell on the wonder of these walls.  Parrotfish, hammerhead sharks, manta rays, napoleon wrasse and barracudas are some of which have been reported to be living in it. There are also some reports of whale and tiger sharks seen in the corals. The Tubbataha has over a thousand species many of which are endangered inhabiting its reef. Some of which are the lionfish, clownfish and hawksbill sea turtles. Its ecosystem is so diverse that it has been said to rival that of the marine life found the Great Barrier Reef. Recent researches show that it has an estimate of about 400 to 600 coral and fish species.
    The Tubbataha Reef of Palawan is now called the Tubbataha National Marine Park. What makes it remarkable is its enormous size. In the year 1988 of August it was established as having an area of 82thousand acres. Later in 2006, its boundary was further increased by executive order to 200% by then president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. At present the PCSD (Palawan Council for Sustainable Development and DENR (Department of Environment and Natural Resources) is responsible for its technical supervision.
    The Tubbataha Seasons are those months when the waves are considered to be more safe and calm. It is also the season when divers and tourists visit the spot in large numbers. Travelers would fill the area especially during the Easter and the Golden Week of the Asian holidays. It has been advised that visitors would do well to book trips right after or somewhere in the middle of April as strong waves are still present during those days which may cause troubles for diving excursions and visibility in underwater.

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    The Tabon Caves are set in Lipuun Point Reservation in Palawan. It is a 138-hectare of island which is linked to Palawan’s mainland by a forest. They are groups of caves found in the northern parts of the Quezon municipality in Palawan province on Palawan Island. The name of the caves was taken from the Tabon Scrubfowl, a bird with a large foot which lays eggs in the cave. South of the Tabon Caves is the town proper of Quezon. On the west they are bordered by Barangay Panitian. Meanwhile, the South China Sea is located on the north and eastern parts of these caves. Their mouths lay 33meters above sea level.     In the year 1962, researcher Dr. Robert B. Fox and his team found the skull of the Tabon man in one of the Tabon caves. It is reported that the remains were approximately 22-24,000 years old. The Tabon man belongs to the species of the Homo Sapien or better known as the intelligent and modern man. They have also found tools, jars, bones and jewelry which dates back fifty thousand years ago. These are the oldest remains ever found in the country. This discovery has indicated habitation 50,000 years ago while the limestone found in it is believed to date back to the Lower Middle Miocene Period which is equivalent to 25 million years back in human history. Ten years later, in April of 1972 the Lipuun Point Reservation became a Site Museum Reservation. It was also recognized as a priority site for the development of tourism of natural and culture heritage in 1991.      Because the oldest human remnant ever to be found in the Philippines, the Tabon man was found in the Tabon Cave, the caves gained the title of being the country’s Cradle of Civilization. It plays a very significant role in the discovery and knowledge of the history and heritage of Filipinos. According to the discoveries, the Tabon Caves is where one of the first habitants of the Philippines lived and was buried. The remains show that Tabon men lived in the cave. It says that they lived on small animals like bats and birds due to the small sizes of their stone tools. There were charcoals left from cooking fires.     The Guri Cave is the most important cave in the Tabon Cave complex because it is considered as the cave where the early people lived. These people lived earlier than the Tabon man, it was said. Archaeologists have found layers of soil inside which contained of garbage and a collection of marine shells left by the early people. It is estimated that their habituation dates back to 5000 and 2000 years B.C.     The Tabon Cave Complex is an attraction for both tourists and archaeologists. It contains vital information on the history and culture of the country’s heritage. It is the Philippine’s Cradle of Civilization. On the other hand, it provides a first-hand experience and a scenic view to visitors on one of the oldest abodes of ancient men.
    In the Philippines, women’s concept of achieving beauty evolved drastically on taking care of their eyebrows, hence we have this “Kilay is life” thing now. In all fairness to the Kilay community it is just now that the significance of the eyebrows have been realized. Nowadays much attention is given to the eyebrows and it did pressure some women to learn the basics of drawing their eyebrows. You can actually go out without any makeup on, as long as you have your eyebrows on fleek. But be sure to know first the perfect eyebrow shape for your face before anything else.      Although eyebrow shapes have been greatly influenced by different fashion trends, the goal is to choose or pick the shape that will go along with your face. The Korean eyebrows are quite endearing and it seems so natural and it even emits natural beauty. No wonder lots of women are becoming fan of Korean makeup or beauty, however although it is hard to accept not all women are suited to use the Korean eyebrow style.      The good thing is, you can still look good and fresh if you know how to tame your eyebrows and the very thing that you need to know first is your face shape and how your eyebrows can enhance it.  •    Oval Shape – According to makeup artists, this shape is the easiest to manipulate. You don’t need to work too much for it to achieve its potential. Eyebrows for women with oval shape face can be of anything as long as it is not too dramatic. You can go for soft arch or a flat one.  •    Round Shape – Women with rounded faces must find ways to lessen the tendency of the face to look wider. You can go for soft arch but never the curve ones because it will only make your face a bit more round. •    Square Shape – A face with a square shape is the most dramatic of all because of the prominence of the cheekbone and wide forehead. In order to soften this one must go for round eyebrows that are not that thick. The goal is to add a bit of elongation to the face. •    Heart Shape – This shape is somewhat opposite to the round one because of its tendency to become pointed. In order to balance out the sharpness and to achieve a more calming look, choose eyebrows that   
        Do you consider yourself a makeup enthusiast? Do feel giggly and extremely excited when you see makeup items on sale? What if I tell you that you can actually buy a Kylie Jenner lipstick for P150 only? Would you go for it? Believe it or not there are actually lots of makeups all over the country where you could buy it way less than mall prices. But before you feel giddily with that idea try to comprehend first why on earth it is so cheap? Could it be fake? Answer? A big fat YES!            Sellers of fake makeup particularly those online, have different strategies to sway their prospect customers such as like this on this picture.               Just to educate the general public, there is no such thing as secondhand makeup or makeup overruns. It is only in between a real or a fake one. Counterfeit makeups became really popular these days because makers of these products have observed that a lot of people particularly women showed great interest in buying such kinds of items. Who wouldn’t want to earn easy money right?            There are indeed some people who would neglect or disregard the fact that makeups sold in a very cheap price are actually fake. They are more concern of their curiosity to try it on and see how it can make them more beautiful. However it is often not the case because it has been found out that counterfeit makeups actually contain harmful ingredients that can cause serious injuries to the skin, eyes and even nose. Would you still want to trade your health in exchange of a cheap makeup? You should think about it. It is better to remain healthy rather than sorry. Here is a sample of a real and a counterfeit makeup.                 It is not actually difficult to spot a fake makeup if you can check it personally, however if you only saw it on Facebook or Instagram then it is really a tough one since you can get fooled with the pictures that they are using; nonetheless, the things that you need to watch out for are the following: Label or packaging – counterfeits would surely try to deceive you with its packaging but you can easily identify a fake from a real one. Real ones have clearer prints and clean packaging. Legit makeup companies see to it that their products are tightly sealed and marked correctly which is actually the opposite of mass production of counterfeit makeups. Color and texture – this can be often identified in pressed powders, blushers, eye shadows and the likes, you will notice that the materials comes in granules and not in a powder finish. Also, if you try to research for a specific shade, counterfeits are way dull and has a different shade from the real ones. Smell - for items that comes in powder or liquid, if you have doubts about the authenticity, try to smell the item, fake ones have similar scents and usually have stronger scent compared to the real ones. Price – this would be the most obvious indicator if a makeup is real or fake. If it is like 70% - 80% much cheaper from the regular price then you should absolutely forget about it. Having it on huge sale can be possible, but if it seems like all of their products have almost similar prices, then you probably encountered the fake ones       With a very cheap price you will surely get swayed with these offers but just remember that these things can actually put your life in danger such as this.   She had swollen eyes after using fake eyeliner, and mascara. 
    Getting pregnant and giving birth is two of the most magical and amazing moments of being a woman and of becoming a mom. Although it seems to be the most remarkable stage or transition from being a woman to becoming a mother, not all women are lucky enough to have a normal delivery due to several reasons. Caesarean section is often performed when the mother has health issues that need to be taken care of first. It is also done when the baby is not in the right position to be delivered normally.      Almost all women would like to have a normal delivery due to financial concerns and even health issues. A normal delivery is also much anticipated because the mother plays the most important role in giving birth to her child. It is also the reason why some mothers felt a bit less of the birthing process because they were put to sleep during the caesarean section.      However to address this issue the caesarean section now has a new process called the gentle C-section. Unlike the traditional C-section, this new process is a lot more interactive because the mother is actually awake and conscious during the entire process. It is also unique because the baby is given the chance to gently pop out of the mother’s tummy making his or her way to the world.      This new birthing process just went quite viral and people are really amazed on how a baby could possibly gently come out of from the mother on its own. Of course the doctors are there to assist, but they let the baby to have its moment of coming out. After the delivery, the baby is then given to the mother for them to have a skin to skin bond which is actually very essential for the baby. It allows the baby’s body to adjust to the temperature of his or her new environment with the help of the warmth that he or she gets from his or her mom. Before, this could only happen during a normal delivery, however big thanks to science, even C-section moms will now have the chance to hold their babies right after giving birth.      On the video below uploaded by youtube user TomoWorld and was uploaded last April 25, 2017. You will see how this cute little guy here managed to say hello to the world. He had a good cry which is actually a good sign that the baby is healthy and he has no complications at all. 
    Menstruation is a magical thing which is essential for the preservation of humanity. A regular menstruation indicates a healthy reproductive organ. Although menstruation is the result of an unfertilized egg, it is still important for it to take its part and play its role on the woman’s cycle. The number of days of having a period actually depends on a woman’s body, genetics and lifestyle. It usually lasts for 3 – 7 days, however there are some women who have shorter periods compared to others and it’s actually normal.      The blood that comes out during menstruation is a different from the blood that circulates around the body. This blood is the result of shedding in the lining of the uterus, where the fertilized egg should stay. However since no fertilization took place, the uterus gets rid of its lining resulting to menstruation and this cycle happens every 28 days, unless a successful fertilization of the egg takes place. Aside from the number of days and considering where menstruation came from, it is also important to take note of the color of your blood during menstruation because it is capable of telling you on what is going on down there.     Here are the different colors of blood that usually come out all throughout the menstruation process. 1.    Dark Red to Brown – this usually comes out during the first day or the onset of your period. The dark color is actually an old blood that was possibly left from the previous cycle. Or it could be that it took sometime before the blood was able to come out. This color is normal and there’s nothing to worry about. 2.    Light pink to Bright Red – there are instances that this color might also come out during the first day of menstruation. It is fresh blood and it is by far the indicator of the healthiest menstrual cycle. 3.    Bright Red to Dark Red – this is often considered as the bloodiest of all. This usually occurs during heavy flows and on the second to third day of menstruation. The dark color is caused by the shedding of the thickest part of the uterine wall. Although it may appear horrible it is still on a normal scale.  4.    Gray to Dark – this is the last thing that you would want to see in your tampons of napkins when you have your menstrual flow. This indicates infection or that something wrong is happening inside. If you are expecting for a baby and this comes out, this could also suggest miscarriage. If you happen to experience this, you better visit your gynecologist right away.

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    When you don’t have sweet tooth it is hard to find snacks that can match your low tolerance for sugar. Almost all snacks were made out of sugar, chocolates and other forms of sweeteners. It is the main reason why Skittles stands out from the rest of the group. It is a sweet yet sour candy that comes in a bright rainbow colors. But all of a sudden Skittles became really dull and lost all that rainbow colors.     In an official stamen made by Skittles, they decided to have a different packaging for intended for the entire month of June. As practiced June is the month dedicated for the LGBT community. The LGBT community has the rainbow to represent them because they acknowledged that they are composed of different genders thus constitutes not just a single color but of different colors.      Since the Skittles and the LGBT community share the same kind of color representation, Skittles gladly gave way to the LGBT community. According to them, although the share the same symbol, one has to stand out and celebrate their existence and they give it whole heartedly to the LGBT group.      This is such a remarkable and thoughtful move for Skittles. Although they were branded and known because of their color, they were not afraid to give way to celebrate a significant event for some people. Consumers in return have shown appreciation to what the company did. Their customers admired their sensitive and immediate decision to honor the LGBT community.     Changing brand packaging is a bit risky when it comes to sales and market. Well known and established companies see to it that when they have to change or modify their packaging it needs to be somehow close to the previous design. It is because people shop out of familiarity. When you change your packaging into a totally different concept, chances are your consumers will not be able to recognize your products anymore.      However it is different with the case of Skittles. They dared to risk their sales and their brand in order to commemorate an event. With this making rounds in the internet, Skittles is rest assured that their customers would still remain loyal to them.   
    Birth order has been known to have a significant influence on a person’s personality. In fact a prominent and well known psychologist coined the theory about birth order. It was Alfred Adler’s work that lead other psychologists to consider how such event can partly affect and help in predicting a person’s overall personality.     In his theory of birth order however, a specific position have shown great crisis in terms of dealing with the demands of that particular order. The middle child is considered to be someone who is in between the eldest and the youngest child being born. The middle child has an elder sibling to compete with in terms of achievement and trust from parents, as well as control over the other siblings. At the same time the middle child needs to face the unfortunate reality that although he or she had enjoyed a moment of being the youngest it did not last long prior to the birth of a sibling. Now the youngest child enjoys all the attention and care that was supposedly given to the middle child.     It is quite a difficult task to stay on the middle. The eldest becomes busy with responsibilities entrusted by the parents, thus the eldest won’t mind not being their parents’ favorite because he or she was given a task or responsibility that needs to be fulfilled. In a way, the eldest child feels empowerment and develops control over his or her younger siblings. As a result, a middle child develop unique character traits in order to cope with the crisis of being caught in the middle. Commonly, they become secretive in nature. They naturally have high trust issues. The always strive to please everybody so that they can be noticed by their parents.      By staying in the middle, the child becomes a good mediator. After all it is an advantage to be on the both sides. It is like being the best of both worlds. The term middle child syndrome was a sort of adaptation to the crisis that child who falls under that particular order has to face. It’s considered a syndrome for some because most of the time middle kids have the same sentiments with one another.      Although Alfred Adler’s theory were postulated years ago it is still present up to this point. Certain modern psychologists have adopted his concept of birth order and how it pays a crucial role in the development of one’s personality.  
    If you are reading this then you are most likely a middle child who is looking for confirmation that you really feel special because of your controversial birth order. Although less attention is given to middle children during child rearing, middle children became an interesting target for research because of their complicated situation. Children who were born on such order have great qualities especially when it comes to coping and socialization. But what are the most common traits that makes up a middle child? Here is the list: 1.    A part of you will always feel that nobody cares about you – it is the most fundamental feeling that the middle children share. It starts when you just don’t know who or what you should be. The parents are busy making your older sibling responsible and at the same time they are busy looking after and enjoying your younger sibling.  2.    You were used to being alone but you are not even sad about it – although not all middle children are introverts, there is a strong force that pushes a middle child to enjoy a moment of himself or herself to meditate or to think of plans especially when a decision has to be made.  3.     You talk to yourself vocally – although it wasn’t intentional, most middle kids were not given the chance to voice out their opinion because it is the job of the older sibling and such decisions are actually made for the benefit of the youngest child. In a way, middle children have been used to voice out their thoughts to their selves alone. They do it because they actually value listening to opinion since they weren’t given that chance when they were young. 4.     You always think that you are not your parents’ favorite – parental biases will always take place no matter how many times parents say that they don’t have favoritism among their children. Meanwhile, the middles would voluntarily take the place of not being the favorite child or the less appreciated one because they have been used to sacrifice  ever since they became a middle child. 5.    It always comes to you to consider other people’s feelings before you make any decision – although this may sound too kind this is actually true for almost all middle kids. Since they were used to get caught in the middle they learned how it feels to be on top of someone and at the same time find themselves in the bottom.  6.     You feel a bit distant and secretive to your own family – this is a thing that only middle children could understand. It may sound rebellious but it is not. Since they were used being left behind or that their opinions don’t really matter at all, they become cautious in opening up or trusting a family member.     
    The primary instincts of humans is to survive. However aside from the goal of surviving humans are also born to appreciate art. Although art may seem not a necessity because a human being can survive without it, art is something that makes a person able to survive while staying sane. Art is not limited to paintings or drawings, music is considered as an art and even language. Humans are born to be artistic creatures and it is exciting to know that art is limitless and it can never be stopped. It is immortal and it will always be. One of the ultimate representation of art is having a tattoo. But is tattoo a form or art and expression or it is just a form of style?     Getting inked isn’t simple as it seems. Your body will become the perfect canvas for this art, thus it is important to carefully think about your purpose and the design that you wished to have. Also the pain while getting inked is not a joke. And, tattoo artists need to be very precise when they are doing their job. It is why tattoo artists deserve such high respect among other artists.      While many people could not understand why some would want to “stain” their bodies like they always think of, having a tattoo constitute to something deeper than just a fashion statement. It is quite hard to be judged once you have tattoos in your body. The society has this idea that once you have one in your body you are either an ex-convict, drug addict, a member of a gang, a prostitute and so much more. People with tattoos were even branded not to have good jobs. Tattoos are often objectified as a good for nothing art.      Having a tattoo is not equivalent to committing a crime but some people don’t make any distinction to it. People should then realize that art can take different forms, if they learned to appreciate music then tattoos deserve that chance too.      People who would want to get inked are ordinary people with bigger appreciation for art. They are the ones who are not afraid to be judged by other people. They are not ashamed of expressing who they are and they are proud of having it inked on their bodies. Having a tattoo does not mean you are destroying your body. How come it become destructive when it is in fact what your heart desires?   
    There are several ways to determine a person’s capability. A person can be judged through educational attainment, amount of salary or savings that that person has and many more. But a person’s personality is something which makes that particular person different from any other. In general personality is the overall qualities of a person. It includes his or her coping mechanisms, attitude to a particular situation, beliefs, aspiration, his or her character and even temperament. But how does a person’s personality develop? Is it something inborn, or is personality made? According to Psychology there are several things that can affect and are responsible in shaping a person’s personality such as birth order.      The relevance of birth order to personality was first proposed by Alfred Adler. According to him, birth order determines or guides a person’s personality because of a made up expectation to a child even before he or she learns to behave on things. Children are already expected to behave into a particular list things because it has been the norm of the society.     The birth order theory includes the first born, second born, middle, and the last born or as the only child. According to Adler the following are the shaped personalities according to birth order:     First Born – Tends to become achievers, controlling, and reliable, independent, perfectionist, structured and cautious. These traits are often associated with child rearing, since the first born are always entrusted or tasked to look after their younger siblings. And as the first born grows older, it will play a huge part in the development of personality.     Middle Child – We often hear about middle child syndrome which describes the crisis of being in between an older and a younger sibling. The birth order triggers the middle child to feel less wanted because the first born is entrusted with the responsibility and then the youngest becomes the favorite. Middle children tend to become secretive, short tempered, and prone to become rebellious but are good when it comes to socializing with other people.      Youngest – The youngest child in the family is considered to be the favorite of all. Although parents would try to give equal treatment to their children, it is the youngest child who will get all the attention and care. With the abundance of love and attention the youngest kids can become manipulative, self-centered, dependent, attention seeker but at the same time they are outgoing, they are good in dealing emotions and are often relaxed.