It’s summer time! And what better way to enjoy the season than a walk on the beach with family and friends. But where would be the perfect spot to go to? In the Philippines, you don’t just get to choose from a thousand and one islands, make that 7,107! As the Philippines Department of Tourism has said, IT’S MORE FUN IN THE PHILIPPINES! We’ll help you narrow down your choices by sharing with you the top 3 beaches to visit (this is done in no particular order):
1.    EL NIDO, PALAWAN

   EL NIDO, PALAWAN


Philippines has a lot of reasons to be proud of; El Nido is one of them, having been awarded by CNN International as “The Best Beach and Island Destination in the Philippines” in the year 2012 and yet again in 2016. Also it’s one of Hollywood’s favorite places; did you know that the final movie for the “Bourne” series was filmed there? Also it became one of the pit stops on “the Amazing Race”. Overall, what makes El Nido special is because of its beautiful views and sceneries.
With its extraordinary ecosystem, beautiful forests, prehistoric caves and majestic waterfalls, secret lagoons and beaches, rich abundant sea life, plentiful different bird species, it’s a heaven and haven for adventurers all around. Did I mention it is even has about 50 white sand beaches and three marine habitats?

2.    BORACAY, AKLAN

BORACAY, AKLAN

 Boracay, the “blessed island”, is one of the most well-known beach destinations here in the Philippines. with its 4 kilometer stretch and over 350 resorts and 2,000 rooms to accommodate guests, tourists of all shape and sizes flock together to enjoy its white sand beaches.
During the day time, why not explore the bars, restaurants, resorts, hotels, malls, and even spa massage stations. Wear your trusty snorkels and go scuba diving and snorkeling to appreciate the aquatic life. At night, the place is transformed as candlelit sand castles take center place, with gorgeous nightlong clubs and pubs. In summer time, try to partake in the International Funboard Cup. It’s a celebration where you get to watch or join several hundreds of kite-boarders and windsurfers.


 
3.    CORON, PALAWAN

CORON, PALAWAN


Palawan, also known as “the City of Gods”, offers yet another beautiful beach resort. Coron Island has been listed as one of the top 10 best scuba diving sites in the whole world by Forbes Travel Magazine. It also boasts of having seven mountain lakes, white sand beaches, crystal clear lagoons, and limestone cliffs. Another thing that makes this place stand out is the chance to explore some Japanese shipwrecks from World War II.

Summer is just right around the corner. And with the sun higher and brighter than before, it’s no wonder people are dying to dye their hair anew and let it shine in the limelight, I mean, sunlight. For this season, the general tip is to aim for warm, natural looking and light colors. Here are 4 beautiful hair colors and styles that are surefire ways to make you turn heads this summer 2017:

1.    Bronde Balayage

Bronde Balayage


Coming from the French word, “to sweep”, the Balayage is also known as the freehand technique as it doesn’t use foil. The end result is a randomly highlighted hair with a natural-looking effect. With the combination of brown and blonde, bronde perfectly matches this look and shows off the fun warm aura of the season giving you a more casual beach-ready finish.


2.    Caramel Brunette Ombre

Caramel Brunette Ombre
If you’re a natural brunette, do your hair in an ombre style and try giving it either hints of caramel or highlighting your hair through. Ombre literally means “shaded” in French and would employ the use of foils, but the results are breathtaking. Be it curly or straight, the growing blend of caramel highlights would give you a vibrant chic and warm look.

3.    Chocolate and Cinnamon Brown Sombre

Chocolate and Cinnamon Brown Sombre


If you’re looking for that right balance of subtle and allure in a style, look no further. The Sombre style is basically the Ombre but with a softer glow and the colors almost seamlessly melting together. The closer you stick to your natural hair color, the more casual and mature it looks. The change in hair color is not as shocking like the Ombre, but very subtle… With its dark roots, gradually growing brighter and lighter at the tips, the Sombre style is enough to give you a mysterious and adventurous aura: perfect for the best midsummer night dream of your life.



4.    Blonde Mermaid Waves

Chocolate and Cinnamon Brown Sombre
In long tresses, mermaid waves could let you have that dreamy far-away look. Not only is this style gorgeous, but it’s quite easy to keep since you don’t have to worry much if your hair gets messed up by the wind. With blonde colors, you’re sure to shine in the sun and be the next Ariel of summer 2017.


 

    The Philippines has caught the attention of several humanitarian groups because of the alleged extra judicial killings happening in the country. Those who are against of the present administration’s campaign to eradicate drugs all over the country raised their concerns up to the international or foreign bodies. Because according to them the Philippines is being managed under President Rodrigo Duterte’s dictatorship.

budajo masaccre


    In response to this call, there are indeed several international groups even the UN who immediately showed disagreement towards the Duterte administration without even validating the reports being brought to them. This is actually one of the biggest conflicts within this country. Media is no longer a source for credible and genuine news. The integrity of those who are working in media companies have been already stained because of their biased reporting. It has been already proven several times even during the campaign period. 

budajo masaccre


    During Duterte explained and defended his governance and the alleged extra judicial killings. In counter to what the critics and the international groups were saying, Duterte then showed photos of the Budajo. These photos were not even documented in Philippine history books. Majority of the Filipinos are not aware of the existence of this unfortunate event. Only few people knew about this and luckily the President is one of these people. He revealed the almost-forgotten sentiments of those people who were part of the said history. 

budajo masaccre


    Budajo, is one of the most bloody encounters of all time. Although this wasn’t documented, it remains in the memory of the Tausug Tribe who has kept in their memories up to now. There were pictures recovered of what actually happened during that time. It was absolutely a massacre were helpless individuals were slaughtered.  The tribe resisted the American colonization in return they did this to them. However it was not documented at all. Americans managed to build a false image of them being good to Filipinos. 


    This is the main reason why Duterte believes that there is strong and undying sentiments in Mindanao that very few people are aware of. Finally the time has come that it has been revealed to the public and how bloody it was for our brother and sisters. It was even suggested that history books for public schools must contain and cover the details of this horrific event and to make every Filipino appreciate and enrich his or her own culture rather than those of other races. 
 

    The protagonist of the story is Juan Crisostomo Ibarra. 7 years away from Philippines, he returns after studying in Europe. To celebrate his comeback, family friend Captain Tiago throws a party for him. Friars and influential leaders attended. But one of the friars Don Damaso belittled Ibarra on that night. 
    The following day Ibarra visited Maria Clara, Captain Tiago’s daughter who is also his fiancé. Before Ibarra left though, a Civil Guard, Lieutenant Guevara, revealed to him how Ibarra’s father Don Rafaelo died. Don Rafaelo was accused by Don Damaso as a heretic because he did not attend the Sacraments. Aside from that, there was an incident where Don Rafaelo helped in a fight between a child and tax collector. When the latter died Don Rafaelo was accused and brought to jail where he died of an illness. 
    Despite all that, Ibarra did not plan on taking revenge. Instead he went on with his and Don Rafelo’s plan to put up a school. They believed that education is the key to success for the country. On the school’s inauguration, a hired killer attempted to kill Ibarra but he was saved by a man named Elias. The same man had warned him of this earlier. The hired killer then met with an accident and got killed. 
    The next day, Ibarra held a luncheon where Damaso gate-crashed and insulted him and his father. Ibarra ignored him at first but at the slander of his father he could not resist it and he lunged in an attempt to stab Damaso. But he failed and as a result was excommunicated. Damaso also convinced Tiago not to marry his daughter to Ibarra. 
    Another party was held at the house of Tiago announcing the future wedding of Clara and Linares. Elias used this opportunity to help Ibarra escape the prison. Ibarra sneaked to speak with Maria where he accused her of betraying him by surrendering his letters to the jury. But she explained that she was blackmailed to do so in return for her mother’s letters who she never saw since birth. 
    In a shootout, Maria Clara had thought that Ibarra was shot and killed. So overcome with sorrow, she went into the nunnery and got admitted by Damaso. Little did she know that it was Elias who got shot. 
    Christmas Eve came at the time when Elias opened his eyes to see himself wounded fatally wounded. It was his rendezvous with Ibarra. But it was Basilio who came holding his dead mother Sisa. Sisa lost her insanity when she found out that her children (Crispin and Basilio) were being hunted by the sacristan mayor on accusations of theft. 
    Elias knew of his imminent death and instructed Basilio to burn his and Sisa’s body to ashes. He then told him to dig if no one came and he’ll find gold to support him to school. Before his last breath he advised Basilio to persist in dreams of freedom for the motherland. 
    As for the epilogue, Tiago turned into an opium addict frequenting the opium house. Maria Clara succeeded in becoming a nun. But the Friar Salvi regularly raped her regularly. And on a stormy night, a beautiful insane lady went on top of the convent and cursed the heavens for what befell her. The lady could not be identified, but rumor has it that it was Maria Clara.

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    There is an old saying by Socrates that goes like this: “When our feet hurt, we hurt all over.” Old Sox was not just on a philosophical high when he said this; he was literally on a hunch.     Reflexology is one of the most popular alternate therapies known to man today. It’s founded on the belief that the nerve endings found in our feet, hands and ears have connections to certain parts of our bodies and when stimulated properly, this could trigger our body’s natural healing processes.     Doctors in the past have not accepted the idea of reflexology because many of its mechanisms do not match with physiological principles and is thereby hard to scientifically prove. I, for one, believe that one of the reasons why the medical world wants to brush off reflexology is because it gives them a run for their money. Which would you prefer? Paying thousands of pesos worth of numerous visits to the doctor (not to mention the payment for prescriptions, etc.)? Or a meager fee for a trip to the spa that could help pinpoint and soothe the problem areas away?     The good news is, this notion is now slowly being dismissed due to numerous findings that have risen to prove this otherwise. Here are some conclusions to these studies and reasons why you should give your feet a good rubbing: 1.    You will feel more energized and relaxed. Feeling tired and poofed out? Looking for some way to give an added spring to your step? Reflexology has been known help increase your body’s metabolism and energy flow by realigning the functions of different organs and muscle systems. 2.    You will feel relaxed. Research has also shown that people who had a recent session are reported to have their blood pressure decreased; their anxieties and stress reduced and have a feeling of being thoroughly refreshed in general afterwards. Because of this, reflexology has also been known to be used to cure people who suffer from insomnia and other sleep disorders. 3.    Your bodily pains are reduced and relieved. Mainly, people resort to reflexology as a way to get rid of pain. A lot of studies have found that reflexology has proven to have reduced pain in people having migraines, headaches, chest pains, kidney stones, osteoarthritis, diabetes, and even AIDS. 4.    You heal more rapidly. With patients feeling much better after being relieved from bodily pains, combining this with their nerves actively stimulated and their body able to properly circulate blood and oxygen better into its systems, physical recovery has been intensely multiplied.   5.    Good for women who are either menstruating or are pregnant. Reflexology can do wonders for women who suffer from dysmenorrhea, as it helps soothe PMS and menstrual cramps. Women, especially those who underwent a lengthy time in giving birth, would benefit from this very greatly as they will heal faster.
    The biggest mall owners and developers of the Philippines is the SM Prime Holdings. They are the ones who own and developed the SM Mall of Asia which is the third largest in all of Asia. The Mall of Asia ranks as the World’s 4th largest mall having approximately 390,000 square meters by 407,101 square meters in total area. It is located near the Manila Bay and SM Central Park at Pasay City of the Philippines. With its large size come also a large number of people visiting it every day with an average of 200,000. The Mall of Asia is the Philippine’s largest mall until in 2006 when it became the 2nd after the SM City North EDSA’s redevelopment.     The Mall has a vicinity of 19.5 hectares of land with 390,194 square meters of floor area. It has four buildings with walkways interconnecting them. These building consist mainly of the parking buildings (one in the north and another at the south), the entertainment and the main mall. The latter mall then consists of shopping establishments and restaurants including the food court. The entertainment mall on the other hand is mostly made up of two-story complexes usually open-air. It is built facing the Manila Bay. Finally the north and south parking buildings are designated on the south and northern areas of the Mall. The south is located at the Department Store while the North at the SM Hypermarket. Each building has 2,500 parking spaces. Visitors of the Mall of Asia are welcomed by a large globe made of framed steel with an LED display of a Globamaze.     The mall consists of branches of stores which are mostly found in other SM Malls.Aside from that MOA also has 4 other theaters of various kinds. The Director’s Club Theater is used for intimate screenings. The Premiere and CenterStage Cinemas on the other hand is utilized to facilitate live concerts and theatricals. But the San Miguel-Coca-Cola IMAX theatre is the biggest theater in the Mall and is also considered one of the tops in the world.     Another one of the attractions that MOA has is its large skating rink which has an Olympic size of 60x30 meters. Visitors could also enroll at training programs for figure skating and hockey. In 2007 SkateAsia competitions was held at the MOA which was a first in the history of Philippines to host an international event. Aside from these competitions the music hall beside the sea has also hosted singing competitions and concerts.     The Mall of Asia has so many features coming along with its great size. What makes it unique from other malls is that it has a tram which could accommodate 20 people. It also has a Ferry Terminal which saves tourists an hour of time going to Cavite. Other famous attraction of the mall is the SM by the Bay beside the sea (which used to be a place called the Baywalk), the SMX Convention Center (largest in the Philippines) and the MOA Asia Arena which is located at the MOA complex.
    When you reach the age of 25 it is quite normal to feel a bit old and that you will realize that you are no longer young and the pressure of aging is slowly sinking into your mind. Although being in your late 20’s is still far from being really old, it is the time of fast transition. You graduated from college and then you start to work. It is a period of adjustment that you just can’t say no. Whether you like or not you have to face and embrace responsibilities and even stress. Stress is such a big deal especially if it is making you look older than your actual age. However there are some people who are so good in dealing stress and they don’t seem to age at all. Here are some of the things that could make you look younger. 1.     Get enough sleep – it is important for yourself to have enough sleep. It is your body’s way of recharging your system. The more you skip sleep the more untidy you look and that will surely make you look old. 2.     Refrain from smoking – thousands of medical research have been already made proving that smoking is not good for your health. Aside from the threat of cancer, it can make a person look old because it contains chemicals that can actually damage healthy cells. It has direct effect on your lips and teeth because it can turn them dark or black which is really ugly. 3.    Eat a healthy diet – you are what you eat, so if you keep on eating on fast-food, you are also making yourself old faster than the usual. Your cells require nutrients and vitamins in order for them to function well. If you deprive yourself from a healthy diet there is no way for you to slowdown aging in your case. 4.     Engage in daily exercise – burning sugar and fats have great effects on your body. It helps in the proper circulation of your blood thus it can really make you look younger because your body will have enough supply of what it needs.  5.   Release stress – one of the greatest culprit of untimely aging is stress. It can really make a person old. This is why it is very important for a person to release stress once in a while. Go for vacation, adventures or just chill out and clear your mind of the things that stresses you.   
         Are you one of those individuals who love to collect smartphone cases every now and then? If yes, then you should be updated with the latest design which has been known as the 360degrees smartphone case. By the name itself, it means it gives 360 degrees protection to your phone. All corners and edges are covered by this case. It has the back cover, sides, and lastly even in front. The front comes with the use of tempered glass, so it is like a 3 in 1 case. Aside from that this case is also really thin. If you don’t like adding extra pounds and spaces to your phone, then this one is perfect for you.                 It also comes in different vibrant colors and designs. It has variety of options where you could choose from. This case however doesn’t have any definite brand name. As expected this one is made from China and can be bought in very affordable price, making its consumers collect for different colors and designs. Price range is usually Between P180 to P300.                 Having this kind of cases is actually great if you want to hide those bumps and dents in your phone and you want it to look really nice again. It is as if you got a new phone especially if you choose the matte designs. However since most of these cases were mass produced you have to check it properly and if possible, always try to fit it before buying. By doing so, you will be sure that it properly fits your phone. It is important to take note of this because oftentimes stores selling such cases seldom accept returns especially if you ordered it online. Also the good news is that it is not limited to a specific smartphone brand only. There are available designs for almost all of the latest and existing smartphone models or units.                             It has been very popular in several online stores such as Facebook and Instagram. It is even possible that you may not find this in malls near you and find it online. This actually became the trend since it is easier to market things in social networking sites rather than on physical stores. If you wish to find out where you could actually get this item, all you have to do is search for it in your Facebook search bar or tab and select from the options given to you.
    Accidents do happen and no one knows when and how it occurs. As pet owners, there are risks that you should be aware of upon taking the responsibility of deciding to raise a dog. No matter how preventive you are accidents can always happen to anyone. The best way to counter it is to be open-minded and be prepared of what are the things that should be done in case of emergency.     One of the greatest risks of having a pet is accidental dog bites. Dogs have fangs and are capable of causing wounds to its victims. Dog bites are often feared of because of rabies. No matter how small the bite is, rabies can still exist and perhaps it can put a person’s life into great danger.       Dogs don’t usually bite especially if they are well taken care of. Once you give them the right amount of food, exercise and a quiet place to sleep they are all good for the day. However unwanted instances occur and it can trigger dogs to bite especially when they are anxious about something. Dogs hate intruders and that what makes them good guards for your homes. However there are some dogs who weren’t trained enough to distinguish good guys from the bad ones and so accidents happen.      When an accident occurs, it is better to be prepared and have a presence of mind. The first thing that you need to do in case your dog has bitten someone or it caused you wounds is to apply first aid. First aid includes the following:         1.    Locate all the areas affected by the bite. Make sure that you have seen every scratches and wounds in your body so that it can be treated properly.         2.    In case of bleeding use a clean towel for it to stop.         3.    Keep the affected area in an elevated position. If you have been bitten in your logs, try to elevate it by using a chair.         4.    With the use of running water and soap, carefully wash the affected area. Wash it thoroughly to make sure that the wound has been totally cleaned.         5.    Once you are sure that you have thoroughly cleaned the wound, apply antibiotic ointment on the affected area to prevent it from getting infected.         6.    Put a sterile bandage on the wound, this will keep the wound covered and safe from foreign objects that may complicate it.     Visit the vet or a medical doctor right after applying first aid. It is not enough to rely on first aid treatments only because it does not guarantee your safety after the bite. Doctors would then ask you about the dog and its medical records if there are any. It is best for the dog owner to accompany the person bitten and take responsibility of the accident since it is included in RA 9482 or the Anti-Rabies Act of the Philippines. The law which states that in case of dog bites, the owner should take full responsibility of the accident by accompanying the victim and paying for all the medical expenses in the treatment process. Failure to comply these provisions must face certain sanctions.  

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    When you don’t have sweet tooth it is hard to find snacks that can match your low tolerance for sugar. Almost all snacks were made out of sugar, chocolates and other forms of sweeteners. It is the main reason why Skittles stands out from the rest of the group. It is a sweet yet sour candy that comes in a bright rainbow colors. But all of a sudden Skittles became really dull and lost all that rainbow colors.     In an official stamen made by Skittles, they decided to have a different packaging for intended for the entire month of June. As practiced June is the month dedicated for the LGBT community. The LGBT community has the rainbow to represent them because they acknowledged that they are composed of different genders thus constitutes not just a single color but of different colors.      Since the Skittles and the LGBT community share the same kind of color representation, Skittles gladly gave way to the LGBT community. According to them, although the share the same symbol, one has to stand out and celebrate their existence and they give it whole heartedly to the LGBT group.      This is such a remarkable and thoughtful move for Skittles. Although they were branded and known because of their color, they were not afraid to give way to celebrate a significant event for some people. Consumers in return have shown appreciation to what the company did. Their customers admired their sensitive and immediate decision to honor the LGBT community.     Changing brand packaging is a bit risky when it comes to sales and market. Well known and established companies see to it that when they have to change or modify their packaging it needs to be somehow close to the previous design. It is because people shop out of familiarity. When you change your packaging into a totally different concept, chances are your consumers will not be able to recognize your products anymore.      However it is different with the case of Skittles. They dared to risk their sales and their brand in order to commemorate an event. With this making rounds in the internet, Skittles is rest assured that their customers would still remain loyal to them.   
    Birth order has been known to have a significant influence on a person’s personality. In fact a prominent and well known psychologist coined the theory about birth order. It was Alfred Adler’s work that lead other psychologists to consider how such event can partly affect and help in predicting a person’s overall personality.     In his theory of birth order however, a specific position have shown great crisis in terms of dealing with the demands of that particular order. The middle child is considered to be someone who is in between the eldest and the youngest child being born. The middle child has an elder sibling to compete with in terms of achievement and trust from parents, as well as control over the other siblings. At the same time the middle child needs to face the unfortunate reality that although he or she had enjoyed a moment of being the youngest it did not last long prior to the birth of a sibling. Now the youngest child enjoys all the attention and care that was supposedly given to the middle child.     It is quite a difficult task to stay on the middle. The eldest becomes busy with responsibilities entrusted by the parents, thus the eldest won’t mind not being their parents’ favorite because he or she was given a task or responsibility that needs to be fulfilled. In a way, the eldest child feels empowerment and develops control over his or her younger siblings. As a result, a middle child develop unique character traits in order to cope with the crisis of being caught in the middle. Commonly, they become secretive in nature. They naturally have high trust issues. The always strive to please everybody so that they can be noticed by their parents.      By staying in the middle, the child becomes a good mediator. After all it is an advantage to be on the both sides. It is like being the best of both worlds. The term middle child syndrome was a sort of adaptation to the crisis that child who falls under that particular order has to face. It’s considered a syndrome for some because most of the time middle kids have the same sentiments with one another.      Although Alfred Adler’s theory were postulated years ago it is still present up to this point. Certain modern psychologists have adopted his concept of birth order and how it pays a crucial role in the development of one’s personality.  
    If you are reading this then you are most likely a middle child who is looking for confirmation that you really feel special because of your controversial birth order. Although less attention is given to middle children during child rearing, middle children became an interesting target for research because of their complicated situation. Children who were born on such order have great qualities especially when it comes to coping and socialization. But what are the most common traits that makes up a middle child? Here is the list: 1.    A part of you will always feel that nobody cares about you – it is the most fundamental feeling that the middle children share. It starts when you just don’t know who or what you should be. The parents are busy making your older sibling responsible and at the same time they are busy looking after and enjoying your younger sibling.  2.    You were used to being alone but you are not even sad about it – although not all middle children are introverts, there is a strong force that pushes a middle child to enjoy a moment of himself or herself to meditate or to think of plans especially when a decision has to be made.  3.     You talk to yourself vocally – although it wasn’t intentional, most middle kids were not given the chance to voice out their opinion because it is the job of the older sibling and such decisions are actually made for the benefit of the youngest child. In a way, middle children have been used to voice out their thoughts to their selves alone. They do it because they actually value listening to opinion since they weren’t given that chance when they were young. 4.     You always think that you are not your parents’ favorite – parental biases will always take place no matter how many times parents say that they don’t have favoritism among their children. Meanwhile, the middles would voluntarily take the place of not being the favorite child or the less appreciated one because they have been used to sacrifice  ever since they became a middle child. 5.    It always comes to you to consider other people’s feelings before you make any decision – although this may sound too kind this is actually true for almost all middle kids. Since they were used to get caught in the middle they learned how it feels to be on top of someone and at the same time find themselves in the bottom.  6.     You feel a bit distant and secretive to your own family – this is a thing that only middle children could understand. It may sound rebellious but it is not. Since they were used being left behind or that their opinions don’t really matter at all, they become cautious in opening up or trusting a family member.     
    The primary instincts of humans is to survive. However aside from the goal of surviving humans are also born to appreciate art. Although art may seem not a necessity because a human being can survive without it, art is something that makes a person able to survive while staying sane. Art is not limited to paintings or drawings, music is considered as an art and even language. Humans are born to be artistic creatures and it is exciting to know that art is limitless and it can never be stopped. It is immortal and it will always be. One of the ultimate representation of art is having a tattoo. But is tattoo a form or art and expression or it is just a form of style?     Getting inked isn’t simple as it seems. Your body will become the perfect canvas for this art, thus it is important to carefully think about your purpose and the design that you wished to have. Also the pain while getting inked is not a joke. And, tattoo artists need to be very precise when they are doing their job. It is why tattoo artists deserve such high respect among other artists.      While many people could not understand why some would want to “stain” their bodies like they always think of, having a tattoo constitute to something deeper than just a fashion statement. It is quite hard to be judged once you have tattoos in your body. The society has this idea that once you have one in your body you are either an ex-convict, drug addict, a member of a gang, a prostitute and so much more. People with tattoos were even branded not to have good jobs. Tattoos are often objectified as a good for nothing art.      Having a tattoo is not equivalent to committing a crime but some people don’t make any distinction to it. People should then realize that art can take different forms, if they learned to appreciate music then tattoos deserve that chance too.      People who would want to get inked are ordinary people with bigger appreciation for art. They are the ones who are not afraid to be judged by other people. They are not ashamed of expressing who they are and they are proud of having it inked on their bodies. Having a tattoo does not mean you are destroying your body. How come it become destructive when it is in fact what your heart desires?   
    There are several ways to determine a person’s capability. A person can be judged through educational attainment, amount of salary or savings that that person has and many more. But a person’s personality is something which makes that particular person different from any other. In general personality is the overall qualities of a person. It includes his or her coping mechanisms, attitude to a particular situation, beliefs, aspiration, his or her character and even temperament. But how does a person’s personality develop? Is it something inborn, or is personality made? According to Psychology there are several things that can affect and are responsible in shaping a person’s personality such as birth order.      The relevance of birth order to personality was first proposed by Alfred Adler. According to him, birth order determines or guides a person’s personality because of a made up expectation to a child even before he or she learns to behave on things. Children are already expected to behave into a particular list things because it has been the norm of the society.     The birth order theory includes the first born, second born, middle, and the last born or as the only child. According to Adler the following are the shaped personalities according to birth order:     First Born – Tends to become achievers, controlling, and reliable, independent, perfectionist, structured and cautious. These traits are often associated with child rearing, since the first born are always entrusted or tasked to look after their younger siblings. And as the first born grows older, it will play a huge part in the development of personality.     Middle Child – We often hear about middle child syndrome which describes the crisis of being in between an older and a younger sibling. The birth order triggers the middle child to feel less wanted because the first born is entrusted with the responsibility and then the youngest becomes the favorite. Middle children tend to become secretive, short tempered, and prone to become rebellious but are good when it comes to socializing with other people.      Youngest – The youngest child in the family is considered to be the favorite of all. Although parents would try to give equal treatment to their children, it is the youngest child who will get all the attention and care. With the abundance of love and attention the youngest kids can become manipulative, self-centered, dependent, attention seeker but at the same time they are outgoing, they are good in dealing emotions and are often relaxed.